Amanda Irwin, period 2; Bengal Tigers

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  • 1. Bengal Tiger Amanda Irwin Spring Bio Project 2* Buchmann 29 April 2011

2. STATS:

  • Sizes
  • Males:
    • Length( head to tip of tail ): 8-10 feet
    • Shoulder Height: 36 inches
    • Weight: 400 - 575 pounds
  • Females:
    • Length( head to tip of tail ): 8-9 feet
    • Shoulder Height:
    • Weight: 220 - 400 pounds
  • Lifespan: 15 years
  • *In 1900, the tiger population of India was estimated at 40,000 to 50,000. By 1972, it dropped to 1,850. A good conservation program has increased it to 4,000

3. HABITAT:

    • Mangrove forests of the Sundarbans, located in eastern India and Bangladesh
    • Other areas of India such as Nepal and Burma
    • Need large home ranges for hunting; don't like to share hunting grounds
    • Males: 20 sq. miles
  • Females: 17 sq. miles
    • One tiger usually has several dens in one home range & uses whichever is most convenient

4. HABITAT MAP: 5. FOOD SOURCE:

    • nocturnal: hunts at night
    • stalk their prey because they can't outrun faster prey
    • can kill animals up to twice its size
    • mainly hunt wild ox and buffalo
    • prefers animals that have less resistance
    • in their natural habitat, they prey on axis deer, wild boar, monkeys, and they may also attack porcupines

6. HUMAN INTERACTION:

    • tigers like to be alone, so they are known to not like the presence of humans
    • they will attack if hunting or mothers and their cubs are disturbed
    • other tigers can be easily trained when kept in captivity

7. OTHER FACTS:

    • a tigers roar can be heard as far as 2 miles away
    • tigers are strong and excellent swimmers
    • bengal tigers are endangered
    • a tiger can consume up to 88lbs. of meat in one feeding
    • it's estimated that there are less than 3,000 bengal tigers left out in the wild
    • white tigers have pigmented stripes and blue eyes, so they are not albino

8. Works Cited

    • King, Judith:Wildlife Fact File . Pittsburgh, PA: International Masters Publishers, 1997
    • Google Images
    • http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/bengal-tiger/
    • http://www.cougarmountainzoo.org/The%20Animals/tigerfact.aspx
    • http://www.indiantiger.org/bengal-tigers/bengal-tiger-information.html