Building Client-Server Apps for iOS

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One of the most powerful aspects of mobile computing is the always-on connectivity of our modern devices. Looking at the App Store today, you would be hard pressed to find an app that doesn't use a web service to some degree. Whether it's to stream videos and music, share photos, receive notifications, or sync documents and data, web services are an essential part of most mobile applications. This session will examine the best practices for building networked apps and APIs by building a small, networked iOS app. You'll learn: - When and how to leverage web services in a mobile application - How to building the client networking code, including caching and secure storage for credentials/tokens - Best practices for building mobile web service APIs Be sure to grab the Example App from http://github.com/joe-goullaud/Github-iOS

Transcript

  • 1. Building Client/Server Applications for iOS Joe Goullaud joe@raizlabs.com ADN/Twitter: @jgoullaud
  • 2. Example iOS App http://github.com/joe-goullaud/Github-iOS Dont forget to grab the submodules: $> git submodule update --init --recursive
  • 3. Overview How to Leverage Web Services inYour App iOS Patterns Overview Example App Mobile API Best Practices
  • 4. Leveraging Web Services
  • 5. Leveraging Web Services Content Images Video Documents Communication Text Voice Video Synchronization Game Play Document Collaboration Data Sharing Facebook Twitter
  • 6. iOS Client Applications Common Patterns MVC(S) - Model-View-Controller-(Store) Delegation Callback/Completion Blocks (Closures)
  • 7. UIViewController UIViewModel Store
  • 8. UIViewController UITableView tableView:cellForRowAtIndexPath: UITableViewCell tableView:heightForRowAtIndexPath: 44 tableView:didSelectRowAtIndexPath:
  • 9. Main Thread Background Thread Network Request Data Import Network Completion Import Completion Update UI User Action
  • 10. DEMO
  • 11. Mobile API Best Practices
  • 12. Mobile API Goals Reduce Network Calls Small Responses with Just Enough Data Secure
  • 13. Caching Cache-Control Headers Set no-cache and max-age as appropriate Set to no-cache on Errors Images GET and HEAD request headers Content-Length Content-Type Last-Modied
  • 14. JSON Compact Low memory footprint 2x faster to parse than XML Easier to create on device Smaller Request Bodies
  • 15. REST-like Resource Endpoints Plural Endpoints should return object summaries Single Resource Endpoints return full object Can return object summaries of related objects Action Endpoints Perform complex service actions atomically
  • 16. Security HTTPS No secure data in URL Query OAuth 2 Token-based Authorization Headers HMAC for request authentication
  • 17. Questions? Joe Goullaud joe@raizlabs.com ADN/Twitter: @jgoullaud