Dsp thrissur ch8

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  • 1. District Spatial Plan - Thrissur URBAN PROFILE 113 Chapter 8 URBAN PROFILE In this chapter the trend of urbanization of 2001. The population figures of the State as per censusThrissur District is assessed and is compared with the 2001 are shown in the Table 8.1.level of Urbanization of the State so as to ascertain the There is an increase of about 400% in the totalposition of the District in the State scenario. population of Kerala within a century. During this pe-8.1 TREND OF URBANIZATION KERALA riod rural population has increased by 300 %. Rural population content in Kerala has declined from 92.89% At the turn of the 21st century, Kerala had a popu- to 74% of the total population within a century. This islation of 63.96 lakhs, of which 59.42 lakhs were in its an indication on the trend of urbanization in Kerala thatrural areas as per Census 2001. This constituted 92.89% has happened in a century.of the total population of the state. At the end of the Table 8.1: Population (2001) of Kerala at a glance 2001 Person Males Females Growth rate Total 31838619 15468664 16369955 9.42 Rural 23571484 11450785 12120699 10.05 Urban 8267135 4017879 4249256 7.64 Source: Census of India - 200120th century the total population in Kerala has in- The population figures of the immediate past, iecreased to 3.18 crores (31838619) of which rural popu- last three decades are analyzed here (see table 8.2).lation is 2.35 crores. This means that the rural popula- There is a steady decline in the population growthtion constitutes about 74% of the total population in rate over the last three decades. Population growth rate Table 8.2: Trends of population growth of Kerala - 1981-2001 Year Total population Growth rate of Growth rate in urban total population population 1981 25453680 19.24% 37.64% 1991 29098518 14.32% 60.97% 2001 31838619 9.42% 7.64% Source: Census of India - 2001 Department of Town & Country Planning, Kerala
  • 2. 114 URBAN PROFILE District Spatial Plan - Thrissurwas 19.24% in 1981 and it reduced to 9.42% in 2001. But the urban population growth rate has drasti-During the period 1981-91 population of 36.45 lakhs cally declined to 7.64% in 2001 with a decrease of 87.5were added to the previous decades population, % over the preceding decadal urban population growthwhereas during the period 1991-2001, population of rate. At the same time the growth rate in total popula-only 27.4 lakhs were added within. The growth rate of tion has decreased from 14.32 % to 9.42% only with aurban population of Kerala over the last three de- decrease rate of 34.2%. This indicates that over the lastcades shows that it is in a transition phase. Over the three decades there is spread effect of population intolast two decades (1971-81 and 1981-91) growth rate in the rural area. This is an indication to the planners tourban population was on the rise, 37.64% in 1981 and take the planning of rural areas seriously than before60.97% in 1991. (see table 8.3). and subsequently address the reasons for the spread Table 8.3: Trends in urbanization of Kerala - 1981-2001 Percentage of Growth rate of Growth rate in Year Total Urban urban total urban Polpulation Population Population Population Population 1981 25453680 4771275 18.74 19.24 37.64 1991 29098518 7680294 26.39 14.32 60.97 2001 31838619 8267135 25.97 9.42 7.64 Source: Census of India - 2001 Fig 8.1: Urban area of Thrissur DistrictDepartment of Town & Country Planning, Kerala
  • 3. District Spatial Plan - Thrissur URBAN PROFILE 115effect of population to rural areas. Census Town, Iringapurom Census Town, Thaikkad Cen- sus Town, Paluvai Census Town, Pavaratty Census Town,8.2 CENSUS URBAN AREAS IN THRISSUR DISTRICT Brahmakulam Census Town, Venmanad Census Town, As per the 2001 census, the population of Thrissur Kolazhy Census Town, Pottore Census Town,District is 2,974,232 which constitute about 9.34 % of Puranattukara Census Town, Nadathara Census Town,the total population of the State. Of the total popula- Marathakkara Census Town, Avinissery Census Town,tion of the district, 839433 is urban population. That is Palissery Census Town, Chevvoor Census Town,28.2 % of the total population of the District is in the Vallachira Census Town, Methala Census Town,urban areas of the District. There are thirty urban areas Nenmenikkara Census Town, Puthukkad Census Town,viz, Thrissur Municipal Corporation, Kunnamkulam Koratty Census Town, Pookode Out Growth, and EriyadMunicipal Council, Chavakkad Municipal Council, Out Growth, in the District as per 2001 census. The de-Guruvayoor Municipal Council, Kodungallur Municipal tails are shown in figure 8.1 The details of census townsCouncil, Irinjalakuda Municipal Council, Chalakudy is shown in table 8.4.Municipal Council, Akathiyoor Census Town, Perakam Table 8.4: Census Towns & Out growth in Thrissur District - 2001 Sl.No Name of Census Town Name of Grama Panchayat/ Wards numbers Muncipal council 1 Akathiyyoor(C.T) Porkulam Ward No.4,5,6,7 2 Perakam(C.T) Pookode Ward No.8,9,10,11,12,13 3 Iringaprom(C.T) Pookode Ward No.3,4,5,6,7,8 4 Thaikkad(C.T) Thaikkad Ward No.2,3,4,5,6,7 5 Paluvai(C.T) Pavaratty Ward No.1,2,7,8,9,10 6 Pavaratty(C.T) Pavaratty Ward No.1,2,3,4,7,8,9,10 7 Brahmakulam(C.T) Elavally Ward No.1,2,9,10,11,12 8 Venmanad(C.T) Pavaratty Ward No. 4,5,6,7,8,9,10, 11, 12 9 Kolazhy(C.T) Kolazhy Ward No. 4,5,6,7,8 10 Pottore(C.T) Kolazhy Ward No. 2,3,4,8,12,13 11 Puranattukkara(C.T) Adat Ward No. 7,8,9,12,13 12 Nadathara(C.T) Nadathara Ward No. 1,3,8,9,10,11 13 Marathakkara(C.T) Puthur Ward No. 12,13,14,15,16, 17,19 14 Avinissery(C.T) Avinissery Ward No.3,4,5,6,7,10 15 Palissery(C.T) Avinissery Ward No.1,2,8,9 16 Chevvoor(C.T) Cherpu Ward No.1,2,3,4,5,10, 11, 13 17 Vallachira(C.T) Vallachira Ward No.1,2,3,4,8,9,10 18 Methala(C.T) Methala Ward No.1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8, 9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17 19 Nenmanikkara(C.T) Nenmanikkara Ward No. 3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10, 11 20 Pudukkad(C.T) Pudukkad Ward No. 1,2,3,8,9,10,11 21 Koratty(C.T) Koratty Ward No. 1,2,3,4,5,12, 13,14,15,16 22 Pookode(O.G) Guruvayur