ENBE Project 2A

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  • Case Study of The Rural, Suburban And Rural Context Infrastructure In General

    P a g e | 1 FNBE0115

    CONTENT

    NO. ELEMENTS PAGE NO.

    1. INTRODUCTION TO PROJECT 1

    2. URBAN AREA: BUKIT BINTANG

    - INTRODUCTION TO URBAN AREA - MAP OF BUKIT BINTANG - INTRODUCTION TO BUKIT BINTANG - TRAFIC LIGHTS, PEDESTRIAN

    WALKWAYS, STREET LIGHTS & ROAD SIGNS IN BUKIT BINTANG

    2-21

    3. SUBURBAN AREA: DESA PARK CITY

    - INTRODUCTION TO SUBURBAN AREA

    - MAP OF DESA PARK CITY - INTRODUCTION TO DESA PARK

    CITY - TRAFIC LIGHTS, PEDESTRIAN

    WALKWAYS, STREET LIGHTS & ROAD SIGNS IN DESA PARK CITY

    22-31

    4. RURAL AREA: JANDA BAIK, PAHANG

    - INTRODUCTION TO RURAL AREA - MAP OF JANDA BAIK - INTRODUCTION TO JANDA BAIK - TRAFIC LIGHTS, PEDESTRIAN

    WALKWAYS, STREET LIGHTS & ROAD SIGNS IN JANDA BAIK

    32-50

    5. COMPARISON OF URBAN, SUBURBAN & RURAL AREAS

    51-53

    6. CONCLUSION 54-55

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    INTRODUCTION TO PROJECT

    For this project, we are to study and analyse on 3 sites found as our

    context of infrastructure in rural, suburban and urban areas and the 3 sites that

    we have chosen are Janda Baik, Desa Park City and Bukit Bintang. The main

    objective of this project is to study on the infrastructure in these three different

    places and do study focusing on traffic lights, pedestrian walkways, street lights,

    and road signages. The reason we have chosen road safety as part of our

    infrastructure topic is because the accidents rate in Malaysia is increasing

    dramatically each year.

    Road safety refers to methods and measures for reducing the risk of a

    person using the road network being killed or seriously injured. The users of a

    road include pedestrians, cyclists, motorists, their passengers, and passengers

    of on-road public transport, mainly buses and trains. Safe road design is now

    about providing a road environment which ensures vehicle speeds will be within

    the human tolerances for serious injury and death wherever conflict points exist.

    The increasing number of vehicles and drivers are often associated with the total

    number of road accidents. In 2009, there were 397,194 road accidents recorded

    compared to 328,268 in 2005. And thus, the five types of infrastructure: traffic

    lights, pedestrian walkways, street lights, and road signs play a vital part in

    ensuring the safety of every traffic users on road.

    According to investopedia, infrastructure can be defined as the basic

    physical and organizational structures and facilities (e.g: buildings, roads, and

    power supplies) needed for the operation of a society or enterprise.

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pedestrianhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyclisthttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Motoristhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_transport

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    URBAN AREA

    BUKIT BINTANG

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    INTRODUCTION TO URBAN AREA IN MALAYSIA

    According to Global Health Facts, urban area is a built-up and populated

    area that includes a municipality and generally has a population of 50,000 or

    more. Urban areas can be cities, towns or conurbations. Such settlements began

    to develop in the ancient world, and have led to the large cities of modern times.

    As agriculture became more prevalent in the ancient world, people began to form

    groups and to settle in permanent areas. These villages allowed the

    concentrated population to develop specialized skills, such as becoming

    blacksmiths and traders. Technology continued to develop and draw more and

    more people into these villages, raising the population level even more. This

    trend continues today and forms urban areas as what we see today. This is also

    true in the case of Bukit Bintang, Malaysia.

    As the population grow, urban areas are densely packed with man-made-

    structures with little open space within their boundaries causing the boundaries of

    cities extended outward into the open land, forming bigger areas. Urban areas in

    Malaysia are usually laid out in a grid or radial pattern according to the visual

    shown in Map 1.2. Either streets are laid in right angles to each other forming a

    grid, or the streets run toward the centre of the city and meet at a central point.

    This rise of industry provided more jobs and encouraged even more people to

    migrate to the cities. In short, economy in urban areas is the backbone of the

    economy of a country.

    The population in Malaysia is concentrated largely in urban areas.

    According to a World Bank the total urban population in Malaysia was last

    reported at 72.20% in 2010. Due to high density of population in urban areas as

    compared to suburban and rural areas in Malaysia, many facilities and mobility

    infrastructures like bus stops, train stations, and taxi stands are built to

    http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/municipality.htmlhttp://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/population.html

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    accommodate the peoples needs because people are constantly moving around

    to their destinations. Highways and flyovers are also built in urban areas.

    Besides, buildings in urban areas are consist of mostly high-rise building such as,

    residential buildings like condominiums and apartments, industrial buildings, and

    commercial buildings like office buildings, warehouse, and retail shopping malls.

    Each building is arranged in a way that is it is very compact as compared to

    those in suburban and rural areas.

    Figure 1.1 Figure 1.2

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    Map of Bukit Bintang

    Map 1.1

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    Satellite View of Bukit Bintang

    Map 1.2

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    INTRODUCTION TO JALAN BUKIT BINTANG

    On the 3rd of April, we went to Pavilion, Bukit Bintang to do a research on

    the urban context. Bukit Bintang, a renowned shopping and entertainment district

    in Kuala Lumpur stretches along the famous road Jalan Bukit Bintang, and slots

    in the areas

    a) Jalan Raja Chulan

    b) Jalan Imbi

    c) Jalan Pudu

    d) Jalan Sultan Ismail

    e) Jalan Ampang

    Besides being a part of the Golden Triangle, Bukit Bintang is quarters to

    numerous prominent shopping centers, cafes, clubs, shops, malls, and specialty

    shops. The region is also known for having a number of lavish hotels and

    restaurants. Here one can see heaps of hawker-styled eateries, where delectable

    dishes can be enjoyed at really cheap rates. As one of the major shopping

    districts, Bukit Bintang proffers a selection of merchandise to go well with every

    budget.

    In terms of access by road, Bukit Bintang may owe its reasonably high

    accessibility to its status as a popular destination among locals and tourists alike.

    The SMART Tunnel entrance is located in this area and connects to key

    highways such as the Kuala Lumpur-Seremban Expressway and the East-West

    Link Expressway. The entrance to another major highway, the Maju Expressway,

    is also in this area. The most direct mode of public transportation into and out of

    Bukit Bintang is the KL Monorail system. The latter is an urban monorail system

    that connects KL Sentral with the Golden Triangle. The system provides direct

    access to Bintang Walk via the Bukit Bintang monorail station, which is located at

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    the intersection of Jalan Bukit Bintang and Jalan Sultan Ismail. In addition,

    several Rapid KL buses make frequent stops in and around the district.

    Under the upcoming My Rapid Transit (MRT) project, Bukit Bintang will gain

    one more point of access via public transportation. The finalised Sungai Buloh-

    Kajang Line will incorporate one station, namely, Bukit Bintang Central, which

    has been designated for Bintang Walk and is expected to begin operations in

    January 2016.

    Figure 1.3: View of Bukit Bintang

    from the outside of Lot 10

    Shopping Mall

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    Figure1.4: View of Bukit Bintang, Source : http://hotelecam.blogspot.com

    1. TRAFFIC LIGHT

    Traffic lights, also known as traffic signals, traffic lamps, signal lights are

    signaling device positioned at road intersections, pedestrian crossings and other

    locations to control competing flows of traffic.

    There are a few traffic lights positioned at the T-junction between Pavilion

    mall and Sephora building in front of Starhill gallery as well as Fahrenheit

    shopping mall. During peak hours a