History and Evolution of Cloud computing (Safaricom cloud)

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Cloud computing has been called the way of the future. It opens doors by making applications and technology more accessible than in previous years. Companies that would normally require enormous amounts of startup capital may only need a fraction of what was previously required to succeed. Currently, if the company can afford it, then they can have access to the full Microsoft Suite, ERP applications, CRM applications, accounting software, and a host of other applications that will improve productivity within a company. The past of cloud computing is bright, but the future of cloud computing is even brighter. Here is what you may need to know about trends in cloud computing.



2. What is cloud computing? Cloud Computing refers to both theapplications delivered as services over the Internet and the hardware and systems software in the data Centres that provide those services. The services themselves have long been referred to as Software as a Service (SaaS). 3. Safaricom cloud sharing Data + IntelligenceSafaricom ServicesThird Party Services 4. TYPES OF CLOUDSTYPES: Cloud Computing for Education 5. DEPLOYMENT MODELS A community cloud may be established where several organizationshave similar requirements and seek to share infrastructure so as to realize some of the benefits of cloud computing. With the costs spread over fewer users than a public cloud (but more than a single tenant) this option is more expensive but may offer a higher level of privacy, security and/or policy compliance. Examples of community cloud include Google's "Gov Cloud". When a Cloud is made available in a pay-as-you-go manner to thegeneral public, we call it a Public Cloud; the service being sold is Utility Computing. Private Cloud refers to internal data centres of a business orother organization, not made available to the general public. 6. Evolution of cloud computing. Distributed ComputingParallel ComputingMobil phon eGrid ComputingCloud Computing6P D AWeb 2.0enabled PCs, TVs, etc.Ubiquitous ComputingBusines ses, from startups to enterpri ses 7. Evolution Of Cloud Computing Cloud computing has as its antecedents bothclient/server computing and peer-to-peer distributed computing. Its all a matter of how centralized storage facilitates collaboration and how multiple computers work together to increase computing power. 8. Client/Server Computing Centralized Applications and Storage All the software applications, all the data, and all the control resided on huge mainframe computers, otherwise known as servers. Users connected to the server via a computer terminal, sometimes called a workstation or client. This computer was sometimes called a dumb terminal because it didnt have a lot (if any!) memory, storage space, or processing power. 9. Peer-to-Peer Computing Sharing Resources The obvious need to connect one computer to another without first hitting the server led to the development of peer-to-peer (P2P) computing. P2P computing defines a network architecture in which each computer has equivalent capabilities and responsibilities. 10. Distributed Computing Providing More Computing Power When a computer is enlisted for a distributed computing project, software is installed on the machine to run various processing activities during those periods when the PC is typically unused. Its a simple concept, all about cycle sharing between multiple computers. 11. Collaborative Computing Working as a Group Early group collaboration was enabled by the combination of several different P2P technologies. The goal was (and is) to enable multiple users to collaborate on group projects online, in real time. Most collaboration systems offer the complete range of audio/video options, for full-featured multipleuser video conferencing 12. Collaborative computing Real-time whiteboarding is also common,especially in corporate and education environments. Whiteboarding is where one or more users draw on a virtual whiteboard that is viewable by all the members of the group. 13. Parallel Computing use of two or moreprocessors (cores, computers) in combination to solve a single problem with the objective of running a program in less time.. 14. Grid computing Sharing resources Refer to resource-pooled environments for running compute jobs (like image processing) rather than long running processes (such as a Web site or e-mail server.This can be as simple as a collection of computers of similar computers running on the same operating system or as complex as internetworked systems comprised of every computer platform you can think of. 15. Why cloud computing? Cloud Computing: Advantages. Lower-Cost Computers for Users:You dont need a high-powered (and accordingly high-priced) computer to run cloud computings web-based applications. Because the application runs in the cloud, not on the desktop PC, that desktop PC doesnt need the processing power or hard disk space demanded by traditional desktop software. Hence the client computers in cloud computing can be lower priced, with smaller hard disks, less memory, more efficient processors. 16. Why cloud computing Reduce capital and operations costs No longer required to make large up-front capital investment on datacenters Eliminate the need to plan ahead for provisioning Allow companies to start small and increase their resources investment as needed (pay-as-you-go. Simplify app deployment & management Common programming model across mobile, browser,client, server, cloud Access to strong ecosystem of widely deployed applications Integration with existing IT assets (Software + Services) 17. Why cloud computing Fewer Maintenance Issues Cloud computing greatly reduces both hardwareand software maintenance for organizations of all sizes. Increased Data Safety Unlike desktop computing, where a hard disk crash can destroy all your valuable data, a computer crashing in the cloud doesnt affect the storage of your data. Thats because data in the cloud is automatically duplicated, so nothing is ever lost. 18. Disadvantages of cloud computing Requires a Constant Internet ConnectionIf you dont have an Internet connection, you cant access anything, even your own documents. A dead Internet connection means no work, period. Can Be Slow Even on a fast connection, web-based applications can sometimes be slower than accessing a similar software program on your desktop PC. Thats because everything about the program, from the interface to the document youre working on, has to be sent back and forth from your computer to the computers in the cloud. 19. Disadvantages of cloud computing If the Cloud Loses Your Data, Youre Screwed Relying the cloud puts you at risk if the cloud letsyou down. Doesnt Work Well with Low-Speed Connections Low-speed Internet connection, such as that found with dial-up services, makes cloud computing painful at best and often impossible. Web-based apps often require a lot of bandwidth to download, as do large documents. 20. Who Benefits from Cloud Computing? Lets face it, cloud computing isnt for everyone. What types of users, then, are best suited for cloud computingand which arent? Collaborators. If you often collaborate with others on group projects, youre an ideal candidate for cloud computing. Road Warriors. Another prime candidate for cloud computing is the road warrior. When you work at one office today, at home the next day, and in another city the next, its tough to keep track of all your documents and applications. Cost-Conscious Users. save money on both your hardware and software. Cost-Conscious IT Departments. savings result from having to buy fewer central servers. 21. Q&ATHANKS!