Land Grabbing in Zambia

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The focus of the seminar was to explore the increasing interest in land acquisition in Africa from the different perspectives of the major stakeholders. It took place at Sida on the 10th of November, 2010.

Text of Land Grabbing in Zambia

  • 1. Land Grabbing in ZambiaWhat is grabbing?Obtaining large amount of something(affecting peoples livelihood)Which way forward?
  • 2. Background BEFORE COLONIALISM land was administered under tribal norms Land unevenly distributed Colonialism brought new land admin policies of landholding- Crown Land-meant for white settlers only (prime land)- Native reserves-for natives only- Native trust land-for building towns for natives (non natives given fiveyear leases)
  • 3. Background (Contd) Post-independence: focused on nationbuilding Buying and selling of land prohibited 1972: one-party participatory democracy 1980: food riots, donors withholding aid 1991 came Chilubas Movement forMultiparty Democracy (MMD)
  • 4. Background (contd) Introduced 1995 Lands Act Lands Act continued vesting all land in thehands of the President Introduced buying & selling of land Vision 2030: Govt Document sets out thegoals and targets to be achieved in thevarious spheres of Zambias social-economic life over the next generation
  • 5. Land Tenure in Zambia
  • 6. Land Tenure (Contd) at independence land categories reducedto 2 tenure systems: Customary &Leasehold Leasehold tenure: Privatized & sold tomultinationals by the govt Smallholders have little control over land:discrimination & limited protection in eithertenure system for women, youth & thepoor
  • 7. Land Tenure (Contd) Customary land tenure: Some Chiefsselling land to Zambian elite and nonZambians without consent of the peoplewho cultivate it People displaced due to land grabbing bylarge scale international investors
  • 8. Zambia Land Alliance (ZLA)1995 enactedvil society was necessary to bring changesformed to lobby for pro-poor land laws & policies, research,or decentralzn of land, increasing protection of the poorimplementatn of land legislation, & minimum land quota for
  • 9. Zambia Land Alliance
  • 10. Issues and causes of LandGrabbing i) Customary norms (Inheritance):- land is governed by traditional leaders withmore power & authority to grab land fromany one and sell to investors withoutconsulting their people- Widows and orphans most victims- Monze district - Mostly matrilineal and atmarriage most men in the villages acquireland from their uncles to start new homes
  • 11. Land is source of Traditional authority, leading tooverlooking the needs of marginalized groups insociety (disabled)
  • 12. Land inheritance questionable Mother in law of widow expressing her authority over the house & land leftby her deceased son
  • 13. Bio-fuel crops, whose benefit?....
  • 14. Effects of land grabs
  • 15. Effects
  • 16. Effects
  • 17. Effects
  • 18. Effects (contd) Engagement in prostitution:HIV/AIDS School and education stop Increased marginalisation ofpeople
  • 19. Effects Migration of displaced peopleto the unplanned areas Overcrowding due to limitedparcels of land, likely to causepandemic diseases
  • 20. Effects (Contd) Casual jobs Undesirable competition for resourcessuch as land to build houses & pastoralland that cause social conflicts General insecurity resulting fromincreasing hostilities between the old(community) and new land owners Exacerbated hunger situation as source ofincome is affected
  • 21. Intervention Strategies Limited data in land grabbing in Zambia Conducting round table meetings with Govt &Traditional Leaders: lasting solution to theseland grabs public awareness meetings: empoweringcommunities on their land rights Lobbing Govt adopt pro-poor land policy withinterests of marginalised groups Lobbing Govt for law on customary land & itsprocedures
  • 22. LAND IS LIFE, LETS PROTECT IT!PRESETED BY: E.C. Hatimbula, District Coordinator,Monze ZambiaEMAIL:landalliance01@gmail.com/hatimbulaeslon@yahoo.com,Website: www.zla.org.zm