Lebanon's Huey bomber

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  • 1. BIOGRAPHY LTCOL YASSINE, JOINED L.A.F 1983 DEPUTY KLEIAAT AIR FORCE BASE CDR,AIR WING COMMANDER,BASE S2 CHIEF. CURRENTLY CHIEF OF OPS SECTION IN THE A F HQ COURSES: 1- IRWAC 1985, FT RUCKER,AL 2-REFRESHER COURSE UH-1H, FT RUCKER, AL.1995 3-SQUADRON CDR COURSE,SYRIA, 1998 4-COMMAND AND STAFF COURSE, LEBANON, 2004 5-AIR COMMAND AND STAFF COURSE, MAXWELL A.F.B.USA 2006.
  • 2. OVERVIEW BEGINNING OF THE CONFLICT WITH Fateh Al Islam. MISSIONS EXECUTED BY LAF DURING THE CONFLICT. THE SITUATION BEFORE THE AIR ATTACK. THE DIFFERENT STAGES OF BOMBING STUDIES. BOMBING EXECUTION. RISK MANAGEMENT MEASURES. STRATEGY OF EMPLOYMENT & MISSION EVALUATION.
  • 3. Fateh - Al - Islam
  • 4. In the 20 th of May 2007 a member of the terrorist groups Fateh Al Islam attacked some Lebanese army posts in the vicinity of camp Naher AL bared, killing 20 troops and overtaking their posts. This group was lead by shaker al absy, reports about their strength and connections and their supporters were not definite. They were ruling the camp by being the most powerful armed and organized group there since 2006.
  • 5. NAHER EL 10 km Kleyaat Air force Base Naher Al Bared Camp BARED CAMP 90km Beirut Air force Base
  • 6. Naher Al Bared is a one of the Palestinian refugee camps of 40000 p situated in the north of Lebanon, at 80 km north of Beirut and at 12 Km from KLAYAAT AIR FORCE BASE where most helicopter missions were launched.
  • 7. NAHER EL BARED CAMP AREA = 2 km2 POPULATION= 40.000 H 2007
  • 8. Before the crisis the camp surface was less than 2Km2.
  • 9. NAHER EL BARED CAMP OLD CAMP NEW CAMP
  • 10. The Camp is divided into 2 parts: the old part and the new one. The political negotiation with the Palestinian authorities between the 23rd and the 30th of May didnt reach a happy end. This negotiation was aiming to hand over the terrorist members who did the attack at the army posts and at the same time to allow the civilian evacuation from inside the camp.
  • 11. AIR FORCE CAPABILITIES
  • 12. At the beginning of the conflict the LAF had 23 UH1H (50% were out of service due to lack of spare parts), 2 of them were in kleiaat and 4 raven R44 for training.
  • 13. One month earlier the LAF has received from UAE 9 gazelles (French anti tank helicopters unarmed, and 3 of them were flyable due to spare parts lack and checks required, and during the battle 0.5 caliber machine guns were installed on 2 ships and anti-tank hot missiles on the third.
  • 14. MISSIONS EXECUTED DURING THE CONFLICT & EXECUTION STRATEGIE OBSERVATION MISSIONS
  • 15. Observation missions, started on the 20th of may 2007.
  • 16. MISSIONS EXECUTED DURING THE CONFLICT & EXECUTION STRATEGY TRANSPORT MISSIONS
  • 17. Escort missions, start with the conflict
  • 18. Preparing jets & V.I.P TRANSPORT
  • 19. Even the R44 had participated in transport and radio relay missions, and the air force start to work on grounded jets
  • 20. MEDICAL EVACUATION MISSIONS
  • 21. Medical evacuation missions: daily missions, day and night, good to mention here that the execution of these missions while trying to preserve the concept of the golden hour had kept the moral of our friendly troops very high. (130 MEDEVAC, 23 NIGHTS)
  • 22. MEDICAL EVACUATION MISSIONS
  • 23. MEDICAL EVACUATION MISSIONS
  • 24. AIR-GROUND ATTACKS
  • 25. The gazelle had participated in the combat by the execution of some air attack missions on special designated targets like anti- aircraft machine guns, small artillery, fuel tanks.
  • 26. The gazelles had also participated in search missions for terrorist members in the northern mountain surrounding the camp.
  • 27. THE SITUATION BEFORE THE BOMBING STAGE II STAGE I
  • 28. The Lebanese armed Forces had initiated different attacks on the camp, controlling first the new part of the camp, and then the east part of the old camp
  • 29. THE FINAL AREA BEFORE THE BOMBING
  • 30. The remaining surface was of 200-250 meters length and 200 meters wide approximately
  • 31. The remaining part of the camp is considered to be the densest one and the most dangerous
  • 32. On the other hand the tiny small streets inside this area and the immense destruction created a big obstacle for our ground troops advance in the camp.
  • 33. Facing this situation it has become a priority to find a solution out from anywhere .
  • 34. The concept was to find a way to use the 50-250- 400 Kg bombs and to drop them over the camp in a proper way. These bombs were first design to be used on the MIRAGE and HUNTRER fighters 30 years ago and actually were supposed to be demolished The problem was to create an attachment mechanism that allows a proper bomb release. A quiet challenged task, because no body had ever used