2. This is where the Mayans were settled. It was known as the Yucatan Peninsula. 3. Topography:-volcanic mountains-comprised highlands in south tolowlands in central and northern regionsSouthern Lowlands is covered by a rainforest andswamps.Northern Lowlands is also comprised of forests, but ismuch drier and mainly grew small thorny trees. 4. The Maya civilization originated in the lowlands ofMexico and Central America. They may have had a population of over 10 million atthe peak of their civilization. 5. Mayan cities were once ruled by kings that had a lot ofpower over the people who lived there. The king wasthe Chief and the high priest. 6. By 500 B.C.E., Tikal became the first great Maya City. Tikal had a plaza and paved roads. At its peak, it had an urban population of 40,000 and a rural population of 50,000. 7. (ON TOP) King or High Priest (ahaw) (SECOND )Council (Priesthood) - often part of theRoyal Family (THIRD) Nobles (FORTH) Merchants & Artisans (Bottom) Commoners - Farmers (and Slaves) 8. The Maya Empire included dozens of city states in the areas which are now: Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, and El Salvador 9. Religion was very important for the Mayans. The Mayans had festivals to celebrate the many gods. Their gods symbolize everything from weather, harvest, birth, death, and war. The Mayans made many temples honoring these gods. 10. The Maya were the most advanced society of pre- Columbian America. They used their knowledge of astronomy in their planting cycles, festivals, and even in planning war. 11. The Maya Developed Three Separate Calendars: The Ritual Calendar of 260 days The Civil Calendar of 365 days And the Long CountThe Long Count will end on 2012 to the Maya it meant the end of civilization, and the beginning of a glorious, new one.