Overview of the altmetrics landscape

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Altmetrics attempts to provide timely measures of an impact through the use of metrics from HTML views and downloads of scholarly articles, blog posts, tweets, bookmarks, etc. Publishers of scientific research have enabled altmetrics on their articles, open source applications are available for platforms to display altmetrics on scientific research and subscription models have been created to measure the use that research articles receive online. This presentation reviews some of the current models for providing altmetrics along with information on a selection the providers that have made altmetrics available for general use.


  • 1. http://www.flickr.com/photos/ajc1/6795008004// Article-Level MetricsOverview of the Altmetrics Landscape Richard Cave, I.T. Director Charleston ConferenceNovember 9, 2012 1

2. Organizations are already collectingaltmetrics ScienceCard 2 3. Publishers are already displaying Article-Level metricsand soon 3 4. Article-Level Metrics or altmetrics? What arewe talking about? Were talking about both 4 5. Article-Level Metrics or altmetrics? What arewe talking about?Article-Level Metrics (ALM) are acomprehensive and multi-dimensional suite of transparentand established metrics at thearticle levelhttp://article-level-metrics.plos.org/alm-info/5 6. Article-Level Metrics or altmetrics? What arewe talking about?Altmetrics is the creation andstudy of new metrics based on theSocial Web for analyzing, andinforming scholarshipAltmetrics Manifesto -http://altmetrics.org/about/ 6 7. Altmetrics data is aggregated from manysources 8. Altmetrics sources can be categorizedUsageHTML views, PDF/XML downloads (various sources journal, PubMedCentral, FigShare, Dryad, etc.)CapturesCiteULike bookmarks, Mendeley readers/groups, Delicio.usMentionsBlog posts, news stories, Wikipedia articles, comments, reviewsSocial MediaTweets, Google+, Facebook likes, shares, ratingsCitationsWeb of Science, Scopus, CrossRef, Pubmed Central, Microsoft AcademicSearch 8 9. Ideal altmetrics source should provide datathat isRelevant to the body of knowledgeAvailable in machine-readable form (API)Immune to gamingFree to redistribute (CC-0)9 10. Altmetrics business models usage statsnon-profit publisher provided by publisher coverage ofAltmetric for profit all journals coverage of servicenon-profit books, datasets, provider etc.for profit value-added services10 11. PLOS Article-Level Metrics (ALM) The PLOS Article-Level Metrics projectstarted in 2009 Tracks usage, citations and social webactivity for all PLOS articles FreeYes EmbeddableNo JavaScript API Yes Open Source Yes Ruby on Rails Added Benefit Usage stats from journal and PubMed Central 11 12. PLOS ALM application 12 13. ALMs on PLOS articles13 14. PLOS Reporting and Visualization prototypeData provided by PLOS Search API PLOS ALM API 14 15. http://impactstory.org/ (recently changedname from Total-Impact) Non-profit organization Source code: https://github.com/total-impactFreeYesEmbeddableYesJavaScriptAPI YesOpen Source Yes - PythonAdded Benefit Sources include datasets, code repositories15 16. 16 17. http://altmetric.comStart-up, launched December 2010Platform as a Service (PAAS)Altmetric is supported by Digital Science, aMacmillan companyFreeYes - for individuals (non-commercial use)No PAAS for publishersEmbeddableYesJavaScriptAPI YesOpen Source NoAdded Benefit PAAS service 17 18. 18 19. on Nature Scientific Reports 19 20. http://www.plumanalytics.com/Join their announcement list!In beta at University of Pittsburgh SmithsonianFree No PAAS for librarians & universitiesEmbeddable ?JavaScriptAPI?Open SourceNoAdded BenefitPAAS, value-added services 20 21. What are they building? Next generation impact analysis metrics forscholarly research Aggregating artifact and author level metrics into aresearch reputation graph Clicks, views, tweets, likes, links, tags, favorites,Google+, etc. will be captured and correlated 21 22. Plum Impact Reports22 23. ScienceCard Created by Martin Fenner in 2010 as part of thePLOS/Mendeley Binary Battle Based on PLOS ALM application Creates a baseball card metaphor for researchersFreeYesEmbeddableNoJavaScriptAPI YesOpen Source Yes Ruby on RailsAdded Benefit Based on researcher profiles 23 24. ScienceCard for Martin Fenner24 25. ReaderMeter Created by Dario Taraborelli in 2010 to estimate theimpact of a research article Based on the articles usage at Mendeley ReaderMeter adapts two popular impact metrics forauthors and redefines these metrics by using bookmarksinstead of citationsFreeYesEmbeddableNoJavaScriptAPI NoOpen Source NoAdded Benefit Based on researcher profiles25 26. ReaderMeter for Duncan Watts 26 27. CitedIn Combination of a searchable database and webservicefor citations citations in the literature, biomedicaldatabases, blogs, books and wikis Created by Andra Waagmeester, Bioinformatics ofMaastricht UniversityFreeYesEmbeddableNoJavaScriptAPI NoOpen Source Yes - PHPAdded Benefit Based on researcher profiles 27 28. CitedIn28 29. Next step for altmetrics communityProvide context to the numbersProvide an awesome use caseCreate best-practices for collecting,aggregating, normalizing anddisplaying altmetrics dataCreate strategies to combat gaming29 30. Getting started as a librarianCollect and track altmetricsFor research articles published at your universityFor research of interestDisplay altmetrics on author biosTell publishers that you want Article-Level Metrics for everypublished research articleTell altmetrics sources that the data should be CC-0Join the #altmetrics and altmetrics Google Group discussions30 31. Getting started as a publisherCollect and display altmetrics for the articles you publishWork with an altmetrics service provider or install an OpenSource altmetrics application Take into account cost, technical expertise, but alsowho owns the dataJoin the #altmetrics and altmetrics Google Groupdiscussions31 32. Questions? 32 33. Examples from Presentation PLOS Article-Level Metrics (ALM) Website: article-level-metrics.plos.org Example: ALMs for journal.pbio.0000008 Article: Genetically Modified Corn - Environmental Benefits and Risks ImpactStory Website: ImpactStory Example: ImpactStory Collection Example article: The biological impacts of the Fukushima nuclear accident on the pale grass blue butterfly Javascript Example (cut/paste into HTML): doi:10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000355

33 34. Examples from Presentation Altmetric Website: Altmetric Example: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=api.altmetric.com&citation_id=571540 Javascript Example (cut/paste into HTML):

ScienceCard Website: ScienceCard Example: ScienceCard for Martin Fenner34 35. Examples from Presentation ReaderMeter Website: ReaderMeter Example: http://readermeter.org/Watts.Duncan_J CitedIn Website: CitedIn Example: CitedIn Example (click on Waagmeester) 35 36. PLOS ALM informationALM DataPLOS ALM APIhttp://api.plos.org/PLOS ALM Data dumphttp://article-level-metrics.plos.org/plos-alm-data/ALM Application - Open SourcePLOS ALM Application Ruby on Railshttps://github.com/articlemetrics/almData analysis and visualizationhttps://github.com/articlemetrics/plosOpenR 36