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Reflexive verbs pp

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Spanish power point on réflexive verbs and pronouns

Text of Reflexive verbs pp

  • 1. ReflexiveVerbsCon Seor Maldonado

2. Reflexive VerbsA verb is reflexive when the subject and the objectare the same. I wash myself.subject: Iverb: washobject:myselfSince the subject and object are the same, theverb is reflexive. I wash the car.subject: Iverb: washobject: carSince the subject and object are different, theverb is not reflexive. 3. Reflexive VerbsHeres another example of how a verb can be eitherreflexive or non-reflexive. I scratch myself.subject: Iverb: scratchobject:myselfSince the subject and object are the same, theverb is reflexive. I scratch the dog.subject: Iverb: scratchobject:dogSince the subject and object are different, theverb is not reflexive. 4. Reflexive VerbsWhen a verb is reflexive, the infinitive ends in"se."lavarto wash (non-reflexive)lavarseto wash oneself (reflexive)rascarto scratch (non-reflexive)rascarseto scratch oneself (reflexive) 5. Reflexive VerbsThere is one reflexive verb you havebeen using since you beganstudying Spanish.llamarse - to call oneselfCmo se llama usted?What doyou call yourself?Me llamo Juan.I call myself Juan. 6. Reflexive VerbsWhen you learned to conjugateregular verbs, you needed to learn aset of pronouns called "subjectpronouns.lavaryo lavot lavasl, ella, ustedlavanosotros/aslavamosvosotros/as lavisellos,ellas, ustedes lavan 7. Reflexive VerbsTo learn to conjugate reflexiveverbs, you need to learn adifferent set of pronouns called"reflexive pronouns." Thesepronouns are positioned beforethe verb, while the ending "se" isdropped and the verb isconjugated normally. 8. lavarse lavamoswe wash(ourselves)yo me lavoI wash(myself)vosotras os lavisyou-all wash (yourselves)t te lavasyou wash(informal, feminine)(yourself) (informal)ustedes se lavanyou-l se lavahe washesall wash(himself) (yourselves)(formal)ella se lavashe washes ellos se lavanthey(herself) wash (themselves)usted se lavayou washellas se lavanthey(yourself) (formal) wash (themselves)nosotros nos(feminine) 9. Reflexive VerbsThe reflexive pronouns are notsubject pronouns; rather they areobject (myself)te (yourself)se(himself, herself, yourself)nos(ourselves)se (themselves,yourselves) 10. Reflexive VerbsThe purpose of the reflexive objectpronouns is to show that the actionof the verb remains with the subject.Juan se lava la cara.Juan washeshis face. (reflexive)Juan lava su carro. (non-reflexive)Juan washes his car.Note: When referring to body parts,use the definite article, thus "la cara" 11. Reflexive VerbsNote that many, many verbs can bemade reflexive. All it means when averb is reflexive is that the actionremains with the subject. 12. Reflexive Verbswash the dog (non-reflexive)washyour face (reflexive)raise the book (non-reflexive)raiseyour arm (reflexive)put the baby to bed (non-reflexive)go to bed (reflexive)wake up your son (non-reflexive)wake up yourself(reflexive)

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