Social, change and communities final presentation

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  • 1. Thinking about place
    Social, Change and Communities
    Penultimate & Final presentation
    Tim Curtis and Ian Healy
  • 2. This module is soft
  • 3. Whatever is true for space and time, this much is true for place; we are immersed in it and could not do without it. To be at all to exist in any way is to be somewhere, and to be somewhere is to be in some kind of place
    Edward Casey, The Fate of Place: A Philosophical History (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998), p. ix
  • 4. Space and Place
    Space is like sex its there but we dont talk about it (Edward Hall)
    Place is humanized space (Yi-Fu Tuan)
    Time-space compression (David Harvey)
    Placeless planet, space of flows (Manuel Castells)
    A global sense of place (Doreen Massey):
    porous boundaries
    connections between places
    roots vs routes
    Paradox of place (Noel Castree): unique but connected.
  • 5. Relational thinking
    Geographies of difference (us and them, self and Other, East and West): desire and dread, fear and fascination (Example: racist soup vs the couscous of friendship in Marseilles)
    Geographies of connection (combined and uneven development)
    Physical and human geography (nature and culture in a more-than-human world).
  • 6. 6
    Defining Place
    How do we define place?
    Dimensions of place:
    Place as location: coordinates, dimensions, scale
    Place as an idea: public & private; inclusive or exclusive; places of memory; socially constructed places; spaces of identity; place-making; home & nation; contested places
    Cresswell: Places are meaningful locations
    John Agnew: Places have three attributes: (1) location; (2) locale; and (3) sense of place
    Cresswell: place is not just a thing in the world but a way of understanding the world.
  • 7. 7
    Space and Place
    Often space is understood as something hollow or exterior: a container for place.
    In common usage (even by many geographers), spaces are transformed into places by naming [claiming] and filling them. In this sense space and place are treated as a duality, even as opposites.
    But this is overly simplistic.
    Rather than think of space as hollow or as an absence, we might understand space as a broader and more abstract concept than place.
    Yi Fu Tuan (1974) describes space as movement and place as pause.
    Space as possibility, openness, the sublime, the beyond
    Some geographers (e.g., Henri Lefebvre 1974) use space where others might use place
  • 8. Space and Place
    What begins as undifferentiated space becomes place as we get to know it better and endow it with value The ideas space and place require each other for definition. From the security and stability of place we are aware of the openness, freedom, and threat of space, and vice-versa. Furthermore, if we think of space as that which allows movement then place is pause; each pause in movement makes it possible for location to be transformed into place.
    Tuan, Space and Place: The Perspective of Experience (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2003), p. 6
  • 9. Sensing place
    There is no knowing or sensing a place except by being in that place, and to be in place is to be in a position to perceive it.
    Casey, How to get from Space to Place, p. 18
    How to get from Space to Place in a Fairly Short Stretch of
    Time, in Senses of Place, ed. by Steven Feld & Keith H.
    Basso (Santa Fe: School of American Research,1996)
  • 10. Perceptions of Place
    Place is perceived multi-dimensionally
    Coordinates help to situate us in place
    Place and the body constantly interact
    Embodiment of place- from feminist philosophy
    Representation of self in space (graffitti, but also Somerville 2000)
    Jeff Conklin: Wicked Issues
    Somerville, Margaret and Laura Hartley. 2000. Eating Place: postcolonial explorations of embodiment and place. Journal of Intercultural Studies. 21(3):353-364
  • 11. Just as there are no places without the bodies that sustain and vivify them, so there are no lived bodies without the places they inhabit and traverse.Casey,How to get from Space to Place, p. 25
  • 12. Senses of Place
    You inhabit a spot which before you inhabit it is as indifferent to you as any spot upon the earth, & when, persuaded by some necessity you think to leave it, you leave it not, - it clings to you & with memories of things which in your experience of them gave no such promise, revenges your desertion.
    Percy Bysshe Shelley, from The Letters of Percy Bysshe Shelley, ed. Frederick L. Jones, 2 Vols (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1964), II, p. 6.
  • 13. Urban Space/urbanism
    Detachment from nature
    Alienation
    Labyrinth
    Underworld
    Crossing of boundaries
    Subject to different meanings
  • 14. So where have we been??
    Social, change & communities
  • 15. 15
    Rules of the Game
    How we teach.
    Developing your thoughts
    Challenging your assumptions
    Practical reinforced with reflection
    Student led
    You want different, you tell us!
  • 16. Whole Module
    We started with SELF
    Then we looked at OTHER
    Then we looked at the intersection of SELF and OTHER
    SELF/OTHER, like Michael Buber (1923) I/THOU
    Then we looked at Community, Space, Place and then back to
    Embodied Place, and New Urbanism
  • 17. Starting with YOU
    Being, working, relating and learning within the context of uncertainty
    Uncertainty as threat
    Uncertainty as opportunity
    Resilience
    Personal Construct Psychology-inc. we can challenge certain myths about ourselves.
    Being true to the person not the system
  • 18. Motivation
    The pressure to change, continuous improvement
    Both as a student and your (future) clients/communities.
    Intrinsic v extrinsic motivation
    Your role to facilitate the interplay
    Ambivalence
    Miller and Rollnick {2002} Preparing People for Change.
  • 19. Self as social- the SELF:OTHER intersection
    Herbert Mead- I/Self: generalised OTHER
    Identity work: the effort in maintaining identity
    Constructing, deconstructing, reconstructing
    MANIPULATING identity
  • 20. Simmel 1950s
    Strangeness- otherness
    Being with strangers
    No host communities
    Indifference/retreat/reserve/style = mask
    Overload of signs and meanings
    Professionals dissociate from everyday life, rendering it strange
    Perhaps only objectivity/dispassion
  • 21. Graffiti constructing the OTHER
    Our identity informed in relation to OTHERNESS
    NOT ME
    Others are constructed by what I dont like in myself scapegoat
    How do I construct my clients?
    Am I being true to their own identities?
    • Graffiti does not make a place worse, it highlights places that have already been neglected
    • 22. Dialectic of claiming ownership in the context of ownership being abrogated