The Minneapolis Bicycle Story David Peterson

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Moving to the Next Level, November 20, 2013 Gateway Bike Plan Implementation Workshop Sessions: Best Practices for Build-out and Maintenance Modus Operandi: Policies and Procedures for Model Facilities

Text of The Minneapolis Bicycle Story David Peterson

  • 1. The Minneapolis Bicycle StoryDavid Peterson Bicycle & Pedestrian Section Traffic & Parking Services Division Minneapolis Public Works DepartmentNovember 20, 2013

2. A bit about Minneapolisnytimes.comLargest city in Minnesota: 393,000 Regional population: 3.4 million Area: 58.4 mi2 20 lakes, ponds and wetlands Annual precipitation: 30.6 in. Annual snowfall: 50.8 in. July average high: 83.4 F January average low: 7.5 FBicycle Commuting Mode Share: 4.5% Pedestrian Commuting Mode Share: 6.9% 3. History of Minneapolis Bicycle Planning &Engineering: Parkways Parkways are the Backbone of the Non-Motorized SystemHorace ClevelandTheodore Wirth David Smith, minneapolisparkhistory.comMinneapolis Parks Board of Commissioners founded in 1883. Horace Cleveland responsible for the revision of the Citys park system. Theodore Wirth was hired served as Superintendent from 1906 to 1935, expanding the parks acreage from 1,800 to more than 4. History of Minneapolis Bicycle Planning &Engineering: ParkwaysLake Calhoun Trail Parkway & Trail, 1909 Minnesota Historical SocietyLake Calhoun Parkway, 2009A fatal bicycle-pedestrian crash in 1972 on the Lake Harriet combined bicycle and pedestrian trail resulted in widespread separation of bicycle and pedestrian facilities. Total off-street facilities today (MPRB and Minneapolis Public Works) = 85+ miles 5. History of Minneapolis Bicycle Planning & Engineering: Bike Lanes September 1974 First bike lanes are installed in Minneapolis on 4th Street SE and University Ave SE, adjacent to the University of Minnesota campus4th Street SE at Oak Street, Minneapolis 6. History of Minneapolis Bicycle Planning & Engineering: Bike Lanes 1994 System of Bike Lanes Developed in Downtown Minneapolis9th Street SHennepin AvenueMarquette Ave S 7. History of Minneapolis Bicycle Planning & Engineering Stone Arch Bridge Preservation - 1994Stone Arch Bridge looking south, 1905 Minnesota Historical SocietyStone Arch Bridge Bicycle & Pedestrian Path Dudley Edmondson 8. Other Minneapolis Bicycle & Pedestrian Only Bridges Bridge #9 (Dinkytown Greenway Bridge)Washington Avenue Bridge 9. Taking Advantage of Opportunities 35W Bridge Collapse - 2007abcnews.comTunnel constructed underneath new bridge 10. Opportunities from Subsequent Bridge RetrofitsPlymouth Ave N Lanes reduced from 4 to 2; protected lanes added, September 2013 11. Opportunities from Subsequent Bridge ReconstructionsLowry Ave NFull reconstruction. Bicycle accommodation both on and off street. Minneapolis Bicycle Coalition 12. World Class Trail System Totals more than 85 milesCedar Lake Trail 1995, 2011Hiawatha Light Rail Trail - 2004Midtown Greenway, three phases 2000-200618th Ave NE Trail - 2011Martin Olav Sabo Bridge, 2007, Dan AndersonDinkytown Greenway 2013, SW Journal 13. Low-Stress Network Protected LanesParking protected, minimal buffer, 2009Buffer widened, 20111st Ave NGreen Conflict Zones added, 2013 Flexible delineators added, 2012 14. Low-Stress Network Buffered LanesLyndale Ave S Buffered Bike Lane - 20131st Avenue S - 2011 15. Low-Stress Network Bike BoulevardsStreet markingsTraffic Reduction19 Miles by the end of 2013Bicycle WayfindingTraffic Calming 16. Low-Stress Network Neighborhood GreenwaysFull Linear Park GreenwayHalf & Half Greenway 17. Milwaukee AvenueOriginally planned workers community housing constructed in the 1880s, the street was named to the National Register for Historic Places in 1974 in a move to thwart demolition. The street was subsequently closed to motor vehicle traffic. 18. Other Bicycle InfrastructureShared LanesTurning Stop SignsRaised Trail CrossingsAdvisory Bike LanesTraffic Signals 19. Bicycle Parking Program City pays 50% of the cost of purchase/installation for racks in the public right-ofway. $50,000 annually (general fund), administered by Public Works Parking. Installed 667 racks in 2012. Fund has been in operation since mid-1990s.Standard Hitch Style RackCustom Racks for some neighborhoodsMeter Hitch Rack, UptownBike Corral, SewardMinneapolis Central Library Custom Styles 20. Other Bicycle EffortsBicycle Crash Analysis, 2013Minneapolis Bike Map, 2013 (2nd ed.)Minneapolis Bicycling Account, 2011 21. Annual Bicycle & Pedestrian CountsEvery September, trained volunteers count 30 benchmark locations over two days, along with 300 locations counted once every three years. 22. 2013 Summer Safety CampaignDisplayed May-June at 27 bush shelters along high-crash corridors 23. Safety Benefits of Bicycle Infrastructure Increased predictability for all users (bicyclists tend to use the designated bicycle areas) Build it and they will come: Increased numbers of cyclists makes the system safer (safety in numbers) 24. Economic Benefits of Bicycle Infrastructure More than 2,000 housing units have been built along the Midtown Greenway corridor since 2000. 1,000 more are in the development pipeline.New bridge and ramp constructed by adjacent developer, Mosaic and Flux Buildings. Minneapolis Bike LoveDevelopment is likely a combination of the greenway, market forces, transit investment, proximity to the lakes and downtown, and the mix of shops and restaurants in these neighborhoods.Flux Building, 2013. Global Site Plans 25. Developing a Project Workplan Maintenance-Related Bike Program Review maintenance program (autumn prior to resurfacing year) Match maintenance plan to bike plan routes Internal staff discussion and recommendation of project listShare with bicycle advisory committee and revise list Share with council members Neighborhood and business outreach, as recommended by CMs To the Record letters signed by CMsProjects finalized and scheduled Project construction May-October 26. Developing a Project WorkplanMinneapolis Bicycle Master Plan (2011)Bikeways Master Plan Map 27. Developing a Project Workplan Coordination with Street Maintenance: ResurfacingSharrows installed following new mat, 2013. 28. Developing a Project Workplan Coordination with Street Maintenance: Seal Coating4:3 conversion, wide bike lanes added, 2012.Green chip experiment at conflict zone. 29. Developing a Project Workplan Capital Project Program Identify the project (small area plans, bicycle or pedestrian master plans, elected officials) October/Nov Basic scoping (PW staff) Staff prioritization, using criteria (pavement condition index, safety, community demand, etc.) Public Works administration consideration and revision Capital Long Range Improvement Committee consideration Sent to Mayors office for consideration Mayoral budget inclusion (~July) Council adoption (December) 30. Winter Maintenance - Successes Policy: Curb-to-curb clearance. Prioritization set by snow emergency policy Trails are plowed within 24 hours after the end of a snowfall using a standard pickup with a plow blade. Many are accessible before most streets.Plowed trail after a major snowSpecial service for the 1st Ave N protected lane. Width is adequate for a truck with a blade, but hand shoveling is required, as is snow removal (in the downtown district).Downtown Improvement District employees clearing curb ramps 31. Winter Maintenance - Challenges Annual Snowfall: ~51 Snow tends to stick around in MPLS. Adjacent to parking lanes, snow storage pushes parked vehicles into bike lanes. www.cycletc.comCurbside bike lanes frequently become impassable following plowing.Needs Network prioritization Maintenance vehicles and staff resources to do the job Some areas require hand shoveling.This is the primary snow plowing vehicle. Its not great for precision, and impossible for narrow spaces. 32. University of Minnesota Brush vehicle for path clearance Antonio Rosell, Community Design GroupMaintenance Goals 1) Provide safe access for students, staff and visitors 2) Employ cost-effective and fruitful methods 3) Keep environment as pollution-free as possibleBrine solution for pre-treatment Antonio Rosell, Community Design Group 33. Funding the Bike Program General Fund Contributions Public Works Traffic Division Bicycle & Pedestrian Section Budget ($575,000) Traffic Division Traffic Operations Signals, Signs, Painting Traffic Division Bicycle Parking Fund ($50,000) Transportation Maintenance & Repair Division Repaving, Seal Coating, Pothole Repair, Street Sweeping, Snow & Ice Control Transportation Planning & Engineering Division Capital Project Planning and Management for Streets, Bridges and PathwaysCommunications Department Press releases and promo video content Press conferencesHealth & Family Support Statewide Health Improvement Project, other grantsIntergovernmental Relations Conveys bike-related policy priorities to State and other lawmakersCommunity Planning & Economic Development Sector/Small Area Planning, Zoning EnforcementMinneapolis Development Review Reviews site plans for bicycle parking requirementsNeighborhood & Community Relations Community Participation ProgramMayors Office Budget setting and critical role as cheerleaderMinneapolis 311 Fields/answers public questionsSustainabilty Coordinators Office Minneapolis Police Department Bicycle Recovery UnitMinneapolis Sustainability Goals, Climate Action Plan, Greenprint 34. Funding the Bike Program Capital Project Funding Generally try to have 1-2 bike projects per year in the CIP. Examples of projects in the pipeline: U of M Bike Trail LRT Trail Lighting Sidepath/protected bikeway projects on: 18th Ave NE, 26th Ave N, 26th St E, 28th St E Capital projects are frequently paired with outside funding 35. Funding the Bike Program Outside Funding Federal Funding Non-Motorized Transportation Pilot (NTP): $25 million since 2008 Many Minneapolis projects were funded in part by federal programs such as Recreational Trails and Transportation Enhancements. National Park Service $480,000 bike sharing expansion; access to MRNRA