Andaman and Nicobar island

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Topic :Andaman & nicobar island


Andaman & Nicobar Coordinates (Port Blair)11.68N 92.77E Coordinates: 11.68N 92.77EEstablished1956-11-01CapitalPort BlairLargest cityPort BlairDistricts3GovernmentLt. GovernorLt. Gen. (Retd.)Bhopinder SinghArea[1]Total8,073km2(3,117sqmi)Population(2012)[2]Total380,500Density47/km2(120/sqmi)Time zoneIST(UTC+05:30)ISO 3166 codeIN-ANHDI0.778 (High)Official languagesBangla,English and Hindi[3] [4]tamil


Introduction Palm leaves dancing in the mild breeze, powder white beaches, the sound of waves breaking on a coral reef, lush, green rain forests and chirping rare birds-this is what theAndaman and Nicobar Islandsessentially are. An archipelago of islands, islets and rocks, this Union Territory of India is home to some of the oldesttribesin the country. Though facilities fortrekking, divingandsnorkellingare available here, the best way to enjoy a trip to these islands is simply relax by the sea.

Flora and FaunaThe canopied rain forests of the islands harbor 3,000 species of plants including mangroves, epiphytes (130 ferns, 100 orchids), palms, woody climbers, timbers (teak, mahogany, Andaman paduk) and a wide variety of tropical fruits. Marine fauna is diverse including a wide variety of tropical fish and coral. Considering the diversity and uniqueness of fauna and flora and the fragile nature of the eco-system here, 96 sanctuaries spread over

PeopleDue to consistent emphasis of the government on progress and its encouragement to the mainlanders to settle there has resulted in the local tribes becoming a minority group in their own land. The indigenous tribes are distinguished in two groups: the Onge, Sentinelese, Jarawa and Andamanese of Negroid descent living on the Andaman Islands and the Shompen and Nicobarese of Mongoloid descent living in the Nicobar Islands. Most of the tribes are on the verge of extinction. This sad destiny will most likely hit the Andamanese tribe first since their number is as low as thirty. The Sentinelese is the least studied tribe still living in isolation on the North Sentinel Island. Their number is estimated at 250. Outsiders attempting to make contact with them are driven away with bows and arrows. They continue to maintain a unique lifestyle living in harmony with nature just as they have done for thousands of years.Arts and CraftsThe main crafts of the Andaman & Nicobar Islands include shell and exotic woods crafted for the tourists, palm mats, and beautiful natural shells. Due to the fear of over exploitation of the Islands' natural resources, trade of some products .

ClimateThe islands have a tropical climate. There is medium to heavy rain during the monsoon, in the months from May to mid September and November to mid December. There is no extreme climate except rains and tropical storms in late summer often cause heavy damage

IndustryThe Union Territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands has a vast forest resource base with 7,171 sq km of the total area of island covered by forests. A large variety of timber is found in the Andaman group of islands. The Islands have reported the occurrence of diatomaceous earth, gold, limestone, nickel, selenite and sulphur. The Oil And Natural Gas Commission is continuing the exploration for oil and gas there. The Union Territory has a number of small scale, village and handicrafts units. The number of export-oriented units is also increasing in the agro-processing sectors. The Andaman and Nicobar Integrated Development Corporation has made its presence felt in civil supplies, tourism, fisheries, industries, and industrial financing activities.

NameArea (km2)PopulationCensus 2001PopulationCensus 2011CapitalNicobar Islands1,84142,06836,842Car NicobarNorth and Middle Andaman3,736105,613105,597MayabunderSouth Andaman2,672208,471238,142Port BlairTotals8,249356,152380,581

About populationThe areas and populations (at the 2001 and 2011 Censuses) of the three districtsare:

TheAndaman and Nicobar Islandscomprise around 572 islands formed by a submarine mountain range, which separates the Bay of Bengal from the Andaman Sea. The islands attain maximum altitude at Saddle Peak (730 m), formed mainly of limestone, sandstone, and clay.

Physical feature

Area:8,249 sq kmMax. Temperature:31CMin. Temperature:23CCapital:Port BlairAnnual Rainfall:3180.0 mmLanguages:Bengali, Hindi, Tamil, Malayalam, Nicobarese, TeluguTourist Season:October to MayLiteracy rate:73%

Andaman and Nicobar Island are a group of islands at the juncture of theBay of Bengaland Andaman Sea, and are aUnion ofIndiaTerritoryIndias only active volcano is found on barren island in Andaman & nicobar islandFacts & figure

food & festivals

mangobananaorangepineappleDurga poojadiwalionamHoli

Lakshadweep IslandCoordinates: 10.57N 72.63E Coordinates: 10.57N 72.63EEstablished10 November 1956CapitalKavarattiGovernmentAdministratorAmar Nath IASAreaTotal32km2(12sqmi)Area rank7PopulationTotal64,429Density2,000/km2(5,200/sqmi)LanguagesOfficialMalayalam,English[1]Mahl (Dhivehi) is spoken on Minicoy Island.EthnicityEthnic groups84.33%Malayali15.67%MahlsYear of dataTime zoneIST (UTC+5:30)ISO 3166 codeIN-LDNo. of districts1Largest cityAndrottHDI0.796HDI Year2005HDI Categoryhigh

Lakshadweep, the group of 36 islands is known for its exotic and sun-kissed beaches and lush green landscape. The name Lakshadweep in Malayalam and Sanskrit means 'a hundred thousand islands'. " India's smallest Union Territory Lakshadweep is an archipelago consisting of 36 islands with an area of 32 sq km. It is a uni-district Union Territory and is comprised of 12 atolls, three reefs, five submerged banks and ten inhabited islands. The islands comprise of 32 sq km. The capital is Kavaratti and it is also the principal town of the UT. All Islands are 220 to 440 km away from the coastal city of Kochi in Kerala, in the emerald Arabian Sea. The natural landscapes, the sandy beaches, abundance of flora and fauna and the absence of a rushed lifestyle enhance the mystique of Lakshadweep. Introduction

The flora of the islands include Banana, Vazha,(Musaparadisiaca), Colocassia, Chambu (Colocassia antiquarum) Drumstic moringakkai (Moringa Oleifera) , Bread Fruit, Chakka (Artocarpus incisa) wild almond (Terminalia Catappa) which are grown extensively. Some of the shrub jungles plant like Kanni (Scaevolakeeningil), Punna, (Calaphylluminophyllum), Chavok (Casurina equisetifolia), Cheerani (Thespesia Populnea) are unevenly grown throughout the island. Coconut, Thenga (Cacos nucifera) is the only crop of economic importance in Lakshadweep. These are found in different varieties such as Laccadive micro, Laccadive ordinary, green dwarf etc. Two different varieties of sea grass are seen adjacent to the beaches. They are known as Thalassia hemprichin and Cymodocea isoetifolia. They prevent sea erosion and movement of the beach sediments.The marine life of the sea is quite elaborate and difficult to condense. The commonly seen vertebrates are cattle and poultry. Oceanic birds generally found in Lakshadweep are Tharathasi (Sterna fuscata) and Karifetu (Anous solidus). They are generally found in one of the uninhabited islands known as PITTI.

Flora & fauna

Lakshadweep, formerly known as theLaccadiveLakshadweepcomes from "Lakshadweepa", which means "one hundred thousand islands" in Sanskrit as well as many Indian languages like Hindi,Malayalam, Kannada, Telugu and others.The Lakshadweep as Union Territory was formed in 1956 .

As per the 2011 Indian census; 93% Islamism , 4% Hinduism and 3% other religion in Lakshadweep

IndustryLakshadweep is a no-industry area. However, an Industrial potential survey conducted by the industrial Development Bank of India has revealed that the area has scope for Industrial development. On the request of the Administration Agencies like Small Industries Service Institute, Trichur, Regional Research Laboratory, Thiruvananthapuram, Industrial and Technical Consultency Organisation, Kochi etc have prepared detailed industrial potentiality reports for Lakshadweep and suggested various kinds of ventures having developmental potential based on resources available and demand for implementation. The expert group set up by the planning commission on prospects of small scale Industries in Andaman & Nicobar and Lakshadweep group of Islands has also studied the problems of the Islands and mentioned certained suggestion and remedial measures in their report for the development of Small Scale Industries Sector.

Animal & food



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