3. BACKGROUND Tourism activity in Botswana is spread through out the country and mainly takes place in and around in protected areas. Imagine a country the size of France and 45% of its land area reserved as protected areas.
4. Botswanas protected land is divided between 8 categories: National Parks Game Reserves Private Wildlife and Nature Reserves Wildlife Management Areas Forest Reserves National Monuments World Heritage Sites Ramsar Sites. Tourism Activity Mainly in and around protected areas Tourism Policy High Value Low Volume in Eco Sensitive areas Main Objective Environmental Protection & Sustainable Utilisation
5. SUSTAINABLE & RESPONSIBLE TOURISM The main and most established tourism product Wildlife and wilderness experience. Efforts on going to diversify into mainly culture and heritage, MICE and Sports and Adventure. Botswana has the put in place policy measures to protect the environment and sustainably utilise the her natural Resources
6. SUSTAINABLE & RESPONSIBLE TOURISM In our efforts to promote Green and sustainable tourism development BOTSWANA has developed a number of policies, guidelines and Standards National Eco Tourism Strategy, 2002 Ecotourism Best Practice Guidelines User Manual Ecotourism Best Practice Guidelines Technical Manual Eco Certification System & Standards
7. BOTSWANA ECO-CERTIFICATION SYSTEM
8. THE 7 PRINCIPLES OF ECO-CERTIFICATION Principle 1:Operate a Sustainable Management Policy Principle 2: Green and responsible Marketing Principle 3: Minimisation of Negative Impact on Environment on Environment by Physical Design produced by operations Principle 4: Visitor Experience, Impact and Interpretation Principle 5:Maximise Local (District) Community Benefits Principle 6:Contribution to Conservation Principle 7: Nature Interpretation (Tour execution)
9. THE 7 PRINCIPLES OF ECO-CERTIFICATION Principle 1:Operate a Sustainable Management Policy Principle 2: Green and responsible Marketing Principle 3: Minimisation of Negative Impact on Environment on Environment by Physical Design produced by operations Principle 4: Visitor Experience, Impact and Interpretation Principle 5:Maximise Local (District) Community Benefits Principle 6:Contribution to Conservation Principle 7: Nature Interpretation (Tour execution)
10. EXAMPLE - PRINCIPLE 3: Minimise Environmental Impact: Design & Operations Site Development Comprehensive site selection process Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Screening + visual integration with landforms Facility location, layout and orientation e.g. access to natural environ. Natural, cultural, archaeological resource protection measures are incorporated Energy Conservation Use of Solar Panels, Photovoltaic, Wind Turbine Use of low energy consumption appliances
12. PRINCIPLE 3: Environmental Impact: Design and Operations All of the hot water pipes insulated Visitor energy-use awareness program Purchasing Practices No-smoking rooms + guest areas Waste Management and Recycling biodegradable waste is composted and used on the landscaping Separation and Recycling program Guests informed about recycling activities Use of biodegradable cleaners and pesticides
13. PRINCIPLE 3: Environmental Impact:- Renewable Energy
14. Principle 5 Visitor experience, impact and interpretation
15. BOTSWANAS FLAGSHIP CONSERVATION INITIATIVES RHINO RELOCATION PROGRAMME largest ever relocation of black rhino in Africa this year, whereby 1% of the total population was transferred to safe areas in Botswana from our neighbouring countries. The rhino relocation project began in 2000, and since then, 40 white rhino and 42 black rhino have been moved to safer areas and now roam freely. Target to relocate moe 200 rhinos to safe areas in Botswana
16. Botswana is home to the largest free roaming population of African Elephants in the world. It is estimated that 160,000 elephants are resident in Botswana, with 40,000 migratory herds passing through, this accounts for approximately 1/3 of the total global African elephant population. Sadly it is estimated that every day 96 elephants are poached, but we are proud to say that last year Botswana only lost 38 of our herd to poaching (in an entire year). ELEPHANT PROTECTION
17. NON CONSUPTIVE TOURISM Botswana has moved from consumptive to non-consumptive tourism. HUNTING BAN WE STRONGLY BELIEVE THAT ONLY A CAMERA SHOULD EVER BE AIMED AT WILDLIFE Former hunting concessions areas are being developed into tourism zones that through diverse tourism product development and CBNRM programs, revenue for the local communities continues throughout the year not just seasonally and brings employment to a far wider base. The hunting ban will continue - recovery positive.
18. WE ENDEVOUR TO OFFER OUR TOURISTS AUTHENTIC, LIFE CHANGING EXPERIENCES VISIT BOTSWANA!