Turnpike and civil war

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Staunton-Parkersburg Turnpike of Virginia/West Virginia and the Civil War. By Mary Rayme/SPTA, © 2011-12.

Text of Turnpike and civil war

  • 1. Claudius Crozet had beenan engineer in NapoleonsArmy.

2. Claudius Crozet (1789-1864) 3. Crozet referred to Western Virginia as a sea of mountains& valleys with little level land and rivers owing in everydirection of the compass 4. While the Turnpike was planned and laid out in the 1820s, it wasntstarted until the 1840s and notcomplete until 1848. 5. The Staunton-Parkersburg Turnpike was the super highwayof its day connecting eastern Virginia to the western Virginia border of the Ohio River. 6. The Turnpike also made the important connection to the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. 7. The Turnpike was importantto industry. Coal, oil, and lumber all beneted from the new road. 8. The strategic location of the Turnpike made it extremely valuable to both the NorthSouth during the Civil War. 9. As a gateway to the BO Railroad, the Turnpike wasfought over for much of the Civil War and much of WestVirginia was the scene of divided loyalties. 10. July 1861The Battle of Rich Mountain 11. Mountain Journey to the Battle of Rich Mountain 12. Retreat From Rich Mountain 13. Battle at Laurel HillGeneral Robert Garnett 14. Slow Retreat to Corricks Ford 15. Battle at Corricks Ford 16. General Lee on the Turnpike 17. Camp Bartow and Battle of Greenbrier General Henry Jackson 18. Battle at Camp Allegheny General Robert Milroy 19. The Winter of 18611862 20. Stonewall JacksonThe Shenandoah Campaign 21. Federal Troops Dominate Turnpike Colonel John Imboden 22. The Road to StatehoodMany parts of the Turnpike were traded back and forth from Union to Confederate troops. Beverly was one of the mostfought over towns as it had a strategic position on the Staunton-Parkersburg Turnpike and the Beverly-Fairmont Turnpike. 23. Virginia and West VirginiaAbraham Lincoln signs the bill to create West Virginia on June 20, 1863. The onlyUnited State created out of war, the Turnpike to this day is split between West Virginiaand its old counterpart Virginia. The reasons for West Virginia separating are numerous. 24. Camp Allegheny in Pocahontas County, West Virginia. 25. Cheat Summit Fort Earthworks 26. Travellers Repose, Bartow, WV 27. Mt. Iser Confederate Cemeteryoutside Beverly, WV 28. The Beverly Heritage Center 29. The Goff House, Beverly, WV 30. Visit the historic Staunton-Parkersburg Turnpikeand take a drive through history. 31. Visit us online at spturnpike.organd look for The Staunton-Parkersburg Turnpike on Facebook.