1 24.3.2011SPC Finland Measures to improve co-modality Riitta P¶ntynen SPC Finland Baltic Sea Parliamentary Conference – Working Group on Integrated Maritime

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1 24.3.2011SPC Finland Measures to improve co-modality Riitta Pntynen SPC Finland Baltic Sea Parliamentary Conference Working Group on Integrated Maritime Policy Stockholm, 24 March 2011 Slide 2 Measures to improve co-modality Co-modality intermodality EU initiatives Current status Basic elements Development needs Measures - promotion activities Projects 2 24.3.2011SPC Finland Slide 3 Co-modality and other transport options Co-modal transport Use of different modes on their own and in combination in the aim to obtain an optimal and sustainable utilisation of resources Intermodal transport transporting the cargo door-to-door by using two or more transport modes. high level of functionality, efficiency and integration between the transport modes transport unit is usually the same Combined transport form of intermodal transport sea, inland waterways and railways supported by road transport door-to-door Multimodal transport to use at least two different transport modes 3 7.1.2014Riitta Pntynen | SPC Finland Slide 4 Co-modality in EU transport policy European Commission Transport White Paper in June 2006 Each transport mode should be viewed individually, however, it should be integrated better into the transport chain: transport modes complete each other Sustainable transport and environmental impacts of transport are even more important today Links between transport modes: ports, logistic centres, inland and dry ports; as well as information flow in the transport chain Slide 5Blue Belt (2010) Commission staff working paper on Motorways of the Sea 5 24.3.2011SPC Finland"> EU transport policy to support freight transport Logistics: Keeping freight moving Commission Communication and Action Plan on freight logistics 2007 efficiency, integration and sustainability of freight transport in Europe co-modality and innovation, simplification, quality and the concept of corridors (green corridors). EU Measures The Freight Logistics Action Plan Communication on a European ports policy A Communication on a freight-oriented rail network Commission staff working paper "Towards a European maritime transport space without barriers > Blue Belt (2010) Commission staff working paper on Motorways of the Sea 5 24.3.2011SPC Finland Slide 6 Recent EU transport policy and co-modality A new White Paper on Transport is being prepared (2011) New TEN-T guidelines (2011) Council Conclusions on the full integration of waterborne transport into the EU transport and logistics chains. The way forward for Short Sea Shipping. December 2010 Co-modality and logistics: interoperability of Intelligent Transport Systems: between SafeSeaNet, River Information Services, e-Maritime, e-Freight, and e-Customs TEN-T guidelines, including Motorways of the Sea: integration into European co-modal transport system Blue Belt 6 24.3.2011SPC Finland Slide 7 Modal split in EU-27 year 2008 7 24.3.2011SPC Finland 1995 Road transport 42,1 % Sea 37,5 % Rail 12,6 % Inland waterways3,6 % Road transport and SSS are the dominant transport modes in Europe Lack of statistics on intermodal transport Source: EU Energy and Transport in Figures. Statistical Pocket Book 2010 Slide 8 Transport Statistics in the Baltic Sea Ports 8 24.3.2011SPC Finland The total amount of cargo handled in the ports surrounding the Baltic Sea was 740.8 million tonnes in 2009; 9.9 % less than in 2008. Between 2008 and 2009, international exports decreased 3.8 % and imports 17.5 % in the Baltic Sea. Source: Baltic Port List 2009; University of Turku Centre for Maritime Studies Slide 9 9 Riitta Pntynen | SPC Finland Finnish maritime transport In 2010, the total amount of cargo transported by sea was 93.3 million tonnes. The number of containers was 1.2 million TEUs. Of 50 ports, 10 largest handle 75% of the total maritime transport volume Source: Finnish Transport Agency Import and export millon tonnes/ year Share of large- sized units transported Development of import and export transports and share of large-sized units transported year 1981-2010 Slide 10 10 7.1.2014Riitta Pntynen | SPC Finland Containers or rolling stock Containers Containers 20, 40 or 45 Reefer containers, thermo-insulated containers and liquid containers Containers for dangerous goods Specific containers (e.g. SECU) Containers can be filled in the port, inland terminal or at an inland factory Vehicle combinations and trailers Fluent possibility to combine cargo Railway Containers Swap bodies Trailers Maritime transport Containers Vehicle combinations and trailers General cargo is unitized on roll trailers Train ferry transport Bulk transport Slide 11 11 7.1.2014Riitta Pntynen | SPC Finland Interoperability, infrastructure and corridors Connection points between modes: ports and terminals Interoperability of modes Scheduled train connections Block trains Ports and terminals provide added value services Transit transport services Development of TEN-T networks Motorways of the Sea Green corridors Infrastructure Slide 12 Development of intelligent transport systems Key barriers to an integrated European wide eLogistics system (KOMODA) Communication Diverse technical, information sharing and messaging standards Insufficient ICT infrastructure for new technologies Operational Lack of standardised processes; inadequate knowledge and experience in using ICT; reluctance to integrate ICT in operations (SMEs); the diversity of information systems for different purposes Legal National and European policies are not harmonised between modes; different administrative procedures and standards between countries Economic Unaffordable costs for SMEs for intrastructure, services, consultancy etc.; uncertainty of commercial success Security Security and liability of information to be exchanged; lack of trust in on-line transactions 12 24.3.2011SPC Finland Slide 13 13 24.3.2011SPC Finland Simplification and harmonisation Simplification and harmonisation of administrative and customs procedures Intra EU-trade > Single transport area European Maritime Space without Barriers Shortsea shipping between EU-member states ports Authorised regular liner service Blue Belt pilot project SafeSeaNet Reporting formalities for ships arriving in and/or departing from ports of the Member States (2010/65/EU) Single windows, electronic reporting > other transport modes e.g. PortNet in Finland Port Community Systems Slide 14 Measures to promote co-modality Promotion of transport modes Transport operators, ports, logistic centres and their associations at national or international level Mode-specific promotion centres > SPCs towards intermodal promotion Each transport mode has its own specific needs and interests Transport chain integration and efficiency Co-ordination and communication of measures 14 24.3.2011SPC Finland Slide 15 15 24.3.2011SPC Finland SPC Finlands promotion activities 1.Information dissemination for stakeholders information on transport sector (business, EU) transport options available for users (best practices, environment) website, e-mail newsletters, reports, studies target groups: transport users, transport sector, authorities 2.Promotion of intermodal co-operation (round table) neutral forum for various transport modes and transport chain operators supporting co-operation between transport sector and authorities seminars, workshops and meetings 3.Advising on EU-financing possibilities Marco Polo II programme and TEN-T, in particular Motorways of the Sea 4.Influencing on decision making provision of information for decision making Part of University of Turku Centre for Maritime Studies SPC Finlands Executive Committee Slide 16 Rail Ship owners and brokers SPC FINLAND SPC Finlands networks Shippers, industry Shippers, industry Ports Forwarders SSS shipping companies EU institutions: The Commission, Parliament EU institutions: The Commission, Parliament Ministry of Transport and Communications * SSS Focal Point Ministry of Transport and Communications * SSS Focal Point European Shortsea Network European Shortsea Network Finnish Transport Agency Customs SPCs International organisations: MIF, ECSA, ESC, ESPO.. International organisations: MIF, ECSA, ESC, ESPO.. CMS Research and development Logistics Chain Road Inland waterways Inland waterways Slide 17 European Shortsea Network ESN 17 24.3.2011SPC Finland 23 member SPCs New members in 2010: Estonia, Romania Presidency of the ESN SPC Croatia 1st half of 2011, SPC Poland 2nd half of 2011 Co-operation with the European Commission and Short Sea Shipping and Motorways of the Sea Focal Points Slide 18 18 24.3.2011SPC Finland Projects KOMODA - Integrated transport chain management in an e-Logistics environment PROMIT Promoting Innovative Intermodal Freight Transport CIPROC Co-operative Intermodal Promotion Centres PROPS Promotional Platform for SSS and Intermodality