6 Traits of writing. English . 6 + 1 traits of writing . Ideas Organization Conventions Word Choice Sentence Fluency Voice Presentation (the +1) Scored 1-4, 4 is the highest score, 1 is the lowest. . Ideas. heart of message the main theme and the details that develop the theme - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
6 Traits of writing
6 Traits of writingEnglish 6 + 1 traits of writing IdeasOrganizationConventionsWord ChoiceSentence Fluency VoicePresentation (the +1)
Scored 1-4, 4 is the highest score, 1 is the lowest. Ideasheart of messagethe main theme and the details that develop the theme
_____________________________________Dont say the old lady screamed. Bring her on and let her scream. Mark Twain
organizationlogical sequencing of events
introduction hooks reader transitions show movement of story feels natural, not forced conclusion leaves reader satisfied
________________________________________Key Question- Does the organization of my paper enhance the ideas and make it easier to understand?
4Word Choicerich, colorful, vivid vocabulary energetic verbs specific nouns minimal slang, clichs, or repetition. voice unique perspective of the writer compelling ideas, engaging language, and revealing details.
________________________________________Voice is the writer revealed. Donald MurrayVoice is YOU coming through your writing. Its what gives your writing personality, flavor, style a sound all of its own.
conventionsThe mechanical correctness of the piece; spelling, grammar and usage, paragraphing, use of capitals, and punctuation. ______________________________________Editing is easy. All you have to do is cross out the wrong words. --Mark Twain
The first editor of any piece is always the writer Nancie Atwell
Sentence fluency The rhythm and flow word patterns How your writing looks and sounds
________________________________________A sentence that flows well can be easily read aloud, no rehearsal necessary! Sentences vary in length and are smooth sounding.
6 traits flipchart Take 3 sheets of paperStack paper together, then spread each sheet apart 1 inches Fold together and make straight crease You will have 6 sections when folded
IdeasWhat is my message?Is my message clear?Did I try hard to make it interesting?Do I have enough information?
organizationHow does my paper begin?Did I tell things in order? Does everything link to my message?How does my paper end?
conventionsDid I leave spaces between words?Did I use a title?Did I use periods or question marks? Did I capitalize the right words?Did I spell words correctly?Could another person read my handwriting?
Word choiceHave I used some words that I really LOVE? Can my reader tell what my words mean?Have I used some new words?Did I try not to repeat words too many times?
Sentence fluency Did I use complete sentences?Do my sentences begin in different ways?Did I use some long and some short sentences?Does my paper sound smooth as I read it?
voiceDoes this paper sound like me?How do I want my readers to feel?Would I keep reading this if it were longer? MUCH longer? What is my favorite part?
PresentationDoes my writing look goodDid I use titles, page numbers, and subheadings when needed. Ideas Since Ideas are the CONTENT, your writing should be clear, focused, and jam-packed with details!
When I was in school I thought details were just extra words to add in a story to make it better. I thought detail was decoration or wallpaperDetails are not wallpaper; they are walls. Barry Lane Ideas- show, dont tell A piece that is strong in ideas moved beyond telling into the realm of Showing. A book that is well written sends you away with a feeling that you actually knew the characters or had seen the setting.
Telling Example: Jane dressed in an unusual way. Ideas- Showing Telling: Jane dressed in an unusual way.
Jane came to school today in pink and white polka dot leggings and a blue and green paisley shirt. The twelve inch purple feather sticking straight up from her orange hat almost kept me from noticing the army boots on her feet. The first day of school was really hectic I say this every year- Im getting too old for this! Glazed-eyed kids running, stumbling, frantically searching for their lockers and often close to tears when their fingers dont respond to the number sequence printed on the 3X5 index card. What they dont know yet is that learning to open a locker in middle school is one of the greatest challenges they will face all year. As I run from student to student, assuring each that it WILL get easier- automatic even- I cant help noticing that their small motor coordination is something akin to tying flies while wearing woolen mittens. At least for this first day, everyone is equal. No jocks, no nerds, no bullies, no victims- just a bunch of anxious, sweat-palmed adolescents struggling to gain access to the only private space they can call their own for the next nine months.
Turn these aroundCan you turn these into showing examples? Choose two that you would like to expand. The room was a mess.She was a kind person.He has terrible table manners.The dog looked dangerous.The situation was frightening. Adding details Four figures walked onto the field. They carried a large wooden box. They put down the box in the glare of the spotlight. The crowd waited.
What questions is the reader left with? Ask students, What are some of the questions youd like to ask the writer? Make a list. Example Questions: Who were the figures? What kind of field, where, and how large? What is in the box? What does the box look like? Why was there a crowd? Where was the crowd seated and where was the spotlight coming from?
22The box- expanded Four senior captains on the Southmoore High School football team reverently carried a large wooden casket onto the immaculately kept field. Slowly they lowered the plainly adorned coffin at the 50 yard line. As the warm stadium spotlights shown against the hard plastic of their helmets, the four figures slowly turned in an about face. A new figure approached. The blue and gold super fans packed in the stadium watched gleefully with anticipation. The Southmoore Sabercat mascot prowled forward, making the crowd forget he was simply a student in costume. Dramatically, the larger than life sabercat ripped open the flimsy lid from the coffin to reveal a rotting, lifeless Edmond Timberwolf. The band instantly stuck up the fight song and as if on cue the crow erupted into cries and cheers.
Adding details- activity Just about a week ago my teacher had a rip in his pants. It was really funny. I didnt see it right away, but someone told me. Then I saw it and wanted to laugh, but I held it in. Then someone told him, and everyone started to laugh. Then he went home to change.
What details do we need to add? Ask students to form questions where details can be expanded. Make a list. Example Questions: Where was the rip and how big was it? What caused the rip? Who told you about the rip and how? How long was he unaware? What was the classs laughter like? How did the teacher react? Have students write their own expanded description of this story.
24Brainstorming ideas- webBrainstorming ideas- list Quiet places to escape18.104.22.168.5.6.
Brainstorming ideas- list Things that could go wrong on your birthday-22.214.171.124.5.6.Application of ideas Write 2-3 paragraphs describing a birthday disaster.
Use your brainstorming list of ideas.