AD0575A INTRODUCTION TO MANPORTABLE AIR DEFENSE WEAPON SYSTEM

  • View
    104

  • Download
    8

Embed Size (px)

Transcript

INTRODUCTION TO MANPORTABLE AIR DEFENSE WEAPON SYSTEM SUBCOURSE NO. AD 0575 EDITION A US Army Air Defense Artillery School Fort Bliss, Texas GENERAL This subcourse is designed to teach the knowledge necessary for performing tasks related to a manportable air defense (MANPAD) team member. Information is provided on the mission, capabilities, components, controls, indicators and principles of operation of the MANPADS Weapon System. Information is also provided on the methods for detecting, interrogating, identifying, and engaging aircraft and MANPADS team operations. The capabilities, components, controls, principles of operation of the MANPADS training devices will be presented. The subcourse is presented in three lessons; each lesson corresponds to a terminal objective.

1

TABLE OF CONTENTSTITLE PAGE NUMBERS

ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS..7 NOMENCLATURE CROSS-REFERENCE LIST10 LESSON 1: INTRODUCTION TO THE MANPADS WEAPON SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

LEARNING ACTIVITY 1: MANPADS MISSION AND CAPABILITIES. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 MANPADS MISSION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 CAPABILITIES MISSION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 PROPORTIONAL NAVIGATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 LEARNING ACTIVITY 2: MANPADS WEAPON SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 STINGER MISSILE. . . . . . 14 LAUNCH TUBE ASSEMBLY.. . . . . 14 MISSILE COMPONENTS. . . . . . 16 GUIDANCE SECTION.. . . . . . 16 WARHEAD SECTION.. . . . . . 17 PROPULSION SECTION . . . . . . 17 FLIGHT MOTOR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 LAUNCH EJECT MOTOR.. . . . . . . 18 TAIL ASSEMBLY. . . . . . 19 SIGHT ASSEMBLY.. . . . . . . 20 SEPARABLE GRIPSTOCK.. . . . . . . 21 GRIPSTOCK ASSEMBLY. .. . . . . . 22 IFF ANTENNA ASSEMBLY . . 23 BATTERY COOLANT UNIT (BCU). .. . . . . . . 24 IFF SUBSYSTEM . . . . . 25 IFF INTERROGATOR . . . . . 26 IFF SUPPORT EQUIPMENT. . . . . . .27 KOI-18/TSEC TAPE READER. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 AN/CYZ-10 ANCD. . . . . . 28 PROGRAMMER / BATTERY CHARGER . . . . . 29 KIR-1C/TSEC COMPUTER .. . . . . . .30 IFF INTERROGATOR CONTAINER. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31 MANPADS WEAPON STORAGE CONTAINERS... . . . . 32 MISSILE ROUND CONTAINER.. . . . . . 32 MISSILE ROUND CONTAINER INDICATOR . . . . . 33 WEAPON ROUND CONTAINER. . . . . . 33 THE WEAPON RACK.... . . . . . 34 PRACTICE EXERCISES FOR LEARNING ACTIVITIES 1 AND 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...37 LEARNING ACTIVITY 3: HANDLING PROCEDURES. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41 CONTAINERS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41 CRITICAL WEAPON CHECKS.. . . . . 42 BCU RECEPTACLE CAP, BCU RECEPTACLE AND BCU. . . . 43 IR / NUV WINDOW AND BLOWOUT DISK..... . . . . 45 SIGHT ASSEMBLY.. . . . . 46 DESSICCANT CARTRIDGE/HUMIDITY.. . . . . 46 ACQUISITION INDICATORS. . . . . 47

2

IFF RECEPTACLE . . . . . . 47 TITLE PAGE NUMBERS IFF INTERROGATOR AND IFF INTERCONNECTING CABLE CHECKS . . . . . . 48 IFF INTERRCONNECTING CABLE . . . . . 49 IFF ANTENNA . . . . . 50 FIRING SAFETY PRECAUTIONS . . . . . 50 MAXIMUM FIRING ANGLE . . . . 51 SUPERELEVATION.. . . . . 51 BATTERY COOLANT UNIT (BCU) INSERTION AND REMOVAL. . . . . 52 CONVERSION OF A WEAPON ROUND TO A READY ROUND . . . . 53 PRACTICE EXERCISES FOR LEARNING ACTIVITY 3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 LEARNING ACTIVITY 4: OPERATE THE STINGER WEAPON .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 59 PREPARE THE STINGER FOR FIRING. .. .. . 59 READYING THE STINGER FOR FIRING.... . . . 60 IFF INTERROGATION . . .62 RANGING TARGET . . . . 64 WEAPON ACTIVATION I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . 65 IR/NUV ACQUISITION. . . . .66 UNCAGING.. . . .66 SUPERELEVATION AND LEAD . . 67 FIRING. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 POST FIRING PROCEDURES. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . 70 HANGFIRES, MISFIRES, AND DUDS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . 71 PRACTICE EXERCISES FOR LEARNING ACTIVITY 4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .72 LESSON 2: MANPAD CREW OPERATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76

LEARNING ACTIVITY 1: AIRCRAFT DETECTION, INTERROGATION AND IDENTIFICATION METHODS.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .76 AIRCRAFT DETECTION. . . 77 AIRCRAFT CHARACTERISTICS . .77 SEARCH SECTOR. . .78 SEARCHING. . . 78 ESTIMATING 20. . . 79 HORIZONTAL SCANNING. . 80 HILLY TERRAIN TECHNIQUE.. . . 81 SECTORS OF RESPONSIBILITY.... . 82 WHERE TO SEARCH . .82 WITH MANEUVER UNITS.. . . 82 TELLTALE SIGNATURES . 83 AIRCRAFT INTERROGATION.... . 83 INTERROGATION MODES.. . 84 AIRCRAFT IDENTIFICATION. . 85 AIR DEFENSE WARNINGS.. . 85 LOCAL AIR DEFENSE WARNINGS.... . 86 PRACTICE EXERCISES FOR LEARNING ACTIVITY 1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 LEARNING ACTIVITY 2: ENGAGEMENT PROCEDURES.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . 92 MANPADS TEAM......92

3

COMMAND AND CONTROL...92 FIRE CONTROL ORDERS.93 TEAM CHIEF..93 TITLE PAGE NUMBERS METHOD OF ENGAGMENT.93 MULTIPLE AIRCRAFT RAIDS... 94 GUNNERS FIRING ACTIONS. 94 TEAM CHIEFS ENGAGEMENT DECISION. 95 LEARNING ACTIVITY 3: METHODS OF ENGAGING AIRCRAFT. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99 TECHNIQUES OF FIRE. 99 STINGER ENGAGEMENT OF AIRCRAFT. 100 ACTIVATE RULE.. 100 INCOMING/OUTGOING FIXED WING.. 101 CROSSING FIXED WINGS... 102 ROTARY WING AIRCRAFT. 103 MANPADS LAUNCH RULES.. 103 FIXED WING AIRCRAFT.. 103 ENGAGEMENT SEQUENCE. 103 SHOULDERING AND TRACKING... 104 WEAPON ACTIVATION II 104 TESTING THE SEEKER LOCK-ON.. 105 LAUNCH RULES 106 INSERTION OF SUPERELEVATION AND LEAD.. 107 PRACTICE EXERCISES FOR LEARNING ACTIVITIES 2 AND 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108 LEARNING ACTIVITY 4: MANPADS TEAM OPERATIONS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112 PREPARATION KEY TO SUCCESS.. 112 TEAM CHIEFS PLAN 113 POSITION SELECTION CHECKLIST... 113 HOW TO SELECT A POSITION. 114 HOW TO OCCUPY A POSITION 114 POSITION OCCUPATION CHECKLIST 115 HASTY OCCUPATION CHECKLIST..115 LEARNING ACTIVITY 5: MANPADS TEAM RADIO OPERATING PROCEDURES . . .. . . . 116 MANPADS SECTION COMMAND NET.116 SUPPORTED UNIT COMMAND NET.116 SUPPORT OF AIRBORNE OR AIRMOBILE UNITS..117 RADIO SET AN/VRC-91A 118 RADIO SET AN/PRC-119A 119 RADIO SET CONTROL GROUP AN/GRA-39B..120 COMMUNICATING BY RADIO 121 MANPADS TEAM WIRE COMMUNICATIONS124 HAND SIGNALS IN SUPPORT OF A MANEUVER UNIT125 ARM AND HAND SIGNALS FOR COMMUNICATION OF SINGER FIRE COMMANDS 126 PRACTICE EXERCISE FOR LEARNING ACTIVITIES 4 AND 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .127 LEARNING ACTIVITY 6: EARLY WARNING METHODS AND EQUIPMENT, FAAD C4I. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131 EARLY WARNING NETS 131 FAAD C4I SYSTEM 131

4

HANDHELD TERMINAL UNIT (HTU)...132 AN/PSN-11 (V) 1 PLGR..... 133 TITLE PAGE NUMBERS

LEARNING ACTIVITY 7: RELATIONS WITH SUPPORTED UNITS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134 HOW TO OPERATE AS A SPLIT TEAM134 HOW TO PROTECT A CONVOY 134 HOW TO SUPPORT A MANEUVER UNIT.135 CREWS WITHIN THE FORMATION 137 MANPADS TEAM SECURITY.138 MANPADS IN DEFENSE OF ADA UNITS 139 HIMAD139 SURVIVAL ON THE BATTLEFIELD..141 CONCEALMENT. 142 CAMOUFLAGE 143 FORTIFY YOUR POSITION 143 SURVIVAL MEASURES 144 LOCAL SECURITY AGAINST GROUND ATTACK 145 LIGHT DISCIPLINE. 146 NOISE DISCIPLINE 146 ENEMY MINES 146 OTHER SURVIVAL MEASURES 147 PRACTICE EXERCISES FOR LEARNING ACTIVITIES 6 AND 7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149 LEARNING ACTIVITY 8: MOBILITY AND COMBAT LOADING. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . 153 TEAM MOBILITY..153 MANPACK MANPADS LOAD.154 LEARNING ACIVITY 9: SYSTEM SUPPORT CAPABILITIES. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155 ORGANIZATIONAL MAINTENANCE155 MANPADS SYSTEM TACTICAL EQUIPMENT WEAPON AND MISSILE ROUND.156 SHIPPING AND STORAGE CONTAINERS 157 PRACTICE EXERCISES FOR LEARNING ACTIVITIES 8 AND 9 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .158 LESSON 3: MANPADS TRAINING AND TRAINING DEVICES. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162 STINGER TRAINING DEVICES. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .162 LEARNING ACTIVITY 1: FIELD HANDLING TRAINER (FHT) M60. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .163 LEARNING ACTIVITY 2: RMP TRACKING HEAD TRAINER (THT) M160. . . . . . . . . . . . . .165 TRACKING HEAD TRAINER (THT). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166 THT SHIPPING CONTAINER..168 AUDIBLE INDICATORS..169 ERROR INDICATORS..170 TRAINER TIMER..170 LEARNING ACTIVITY 3: IMPROVED MOVING TARGET SIMULATOR (IMTS). . . . . . . . 171 LEARNING ACTIVITY 4: RADIO CONTROLLED MINIATURE AERIAL TARGET FQM-117B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 173

5

LEARNING ACTIVITY 5: MANPADS TROOP PROFICIENCY TRAINER (STPT). . . . . . . . . 175

TITLE

PAGE NUMBERS

LEARNING ACTIVITY 6: IMPROVED MANPADS TROOP PROFICIENCY TRAINER (STPT).