1.Ambedkar, Democracy and peaceful social Revolution
Vedic Creationismthat supports that men were created from different parts of the body of a cosmic being: Bramha (Purush Sukta, Mandala X)
Head: Brahmans/Priestly Class
Shoulders: Warrior Class
Thighs: Business Class
Foot: The slaves or Shudras
The untouchables: unknown origin, some claim that they are degraded Buddhists
What about women?
They are too inferior to be taken into account in the divine creation and have the same status as Shudras, if they have any.
Source of discrimination? 3. Caste and gender: discriminations mutually re-enforcing
Caste discrimination and gender discrimination are interwoven
All women are slaves according to sacred scriptures of Hinduism
Control over sexuality of women keeps the caste alive
The Dalits (The untouchables) women face three forms of discrimination based on: caste, class and sex
4. The population of Dalits
They constitute upwards of 25% of Indias population, over 250 million people
Every 18 minutes:
A crime is committed against a Dalit
3 Dalit women are raped
2 Dalits are murdered & 2 Dalits Houses are burnt in India
11 Dalits are beaten
13 Dalits are murdered
5 Dalits home or possessions are burnt
6 Dalits are kidnapped or abducted
Caste based Atrocities: Visible Manifestations at its worst 6. Crimes against Dalits: The Holocaste
26,127 crimes were committed against Dalits (SC/ST)including 1172 rape against Dalit women and 669 cases of murder reported (India's National Crime Records Bureau, 2005)
7. Forced apart
Dalits are the segregated humanity
8. Living outcastes 9.
Social and Economic
Mechanisms to fight caste/discrimination:Dr. Ambedkars methods 10. Legal/Political
Constitutional Rights (Chief architect of Indian constitution is Dr. Ambedkar)
Special provisions for ensuring equality not only between man and man, but also between man and woman
The Hindu Code Bill
Challenging the codes of Manu, liberating women from the clutches of sacred laws.
Prevention of Atrocities Act
Initially, called Protection of Civil Rights to stop violence
11. Social and Economic
Freedom to discard religion
However, some state government are trying to take away this freedom
Encouraged organisations of women
Equal wages for women when he was a Labour Minister and brought welfare schemes for women
Indian history is the history of conflict between Buddhism and Brahmanism: Two contrasting worldviews about the world
Fight wrong notions which are supported by Bramhanism such as caste system and gender discrimination
Challenge authority of scriptures and culture that supports and sustains caste ideas.
Dr. Ambedkar burnt Manu Smriti in 1927. This day is celebrated as womens liberation day
13. Efforts for democratisation, secularisation and promotion of equality
Promoting secularisation and democratisation of society
Buddhism as a method to transform self and world, Dhamma is the governing principle for the majority
1. The greatest thing that the Buddha has done is to how the world that world can only be reformed by the reformation of the mind of the man and mind of the world
2. Interpreted the Pali Texts to prove that Buddha supported equality between man and woman in his famous article The Rise and Fall of Hindu Women: Who is responsible for it?
14. Dr. Ambedkar: Democracy and Buddhism in India (1941)
. India is like a sick man. When we think of India, we imagine a picture of a man whose belly is big, his hands and feet reduced to mere bones, face paled, eyes deeply buried in the socket. He is just like a skeleton. He has no power to run the Democracy but he has a great desire to run it..
Only , the Buddha can help in establishing Democracy. Therefore it is important to remember the Buddha and take his medicine for cleansing the political and social lifeblood [of the Hindus].
Therefore we think that people should chant this greatest mantra (Mahamantra) for establishment of Democracy:
Buddham Saranam Gacchaami!
Dhammam Saranam Gacchaami!!
Sangham Saranam Gacchami!!!
16. Peaceful social revolution
Positively, my social philosophy may be said to be enshrined in three words: Liberty, Equality and Fraternity. Let no one, however, say that I have borrowed my philosophy from the French Revolution. I have not. My philosophy has roots in religion and not in political science. I have derived them from the teachings of my master, the Buddha.
(October 3,1954, Dr. Ambedkar)
17. Liberation from the hell of caste in October 1956: beginning of era of equality 18. In 1956 19. Celebrating 50 years of Buddhism in 2006 20.