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Angstroemquelle Karlsruhe ANKA - DESY · Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe in der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft Source, Beamlines, Controlsystem, Certification) Angstroemquelle Karlsruhe ANKA

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Forschungszentrum Karlsruhein der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft

SourceSource,, BeamlinesBeamlines, , ControlsystemControlsystem,,CertificationCertification))

AnAngstroemquellegstroemquelle KaKarlsruhe rlsruhe ANKAANKA

Presentation: K.Cerff FZK/ISS

DESY/ Zeuthen 11.03.2003

Forschungszentrum Karlsruhein der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft

Turn of the first sod,2. July 1996

First beam (IR viewport), 14. March 2000

Erection of the ANKA hall, spring 1998

February 2001, Inauguration of ANKA

ANKA ANKA MilestonesMilestones

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Forschungszentrum Karlsruhein der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft

Institut fr Mikrostrukturtechnik (IMT)

Institut fr Nukleare Entsorgung (INE)

Bereich Infrastruktur (BTI) und Verwaltung (HPS, EVM)

Institut fr Technische Chemie (ITC)

Institut fr Nanotechnologie (INT)

Hauptabteilung Information (HIK) und Kommunikation

Institut fr Festkrperphysik (IFP)

Institut fr Synchrotronstrahlung (ISS)

ANKA

ANKA ANKA embeddedembedded in in thethe FZKFZK

Forschungszentrum Karlsruhein der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft

ANKA ANKA PersonsPersons

Institut fr Synchrotron Strahlung (ISS) ANKA GMBH:

Administration: 4 Marketing: 5

Machine Group: 7

Beamline Group: 10

Technical Group: 9

Computer Group: 4

= 39

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Forschungszentrum Karlsruhein der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft

ANKAANKA BudgetBudget

Erection 35M Operation, R&D 2.7M (2003)

Forschungszentrum Karlsruhein der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft

AvailabilityAvailability and and Reliability Reliability

92.488.6

62.2 69.479.1

92.9

0.0

97.293.4

0

20

40

60

80

100

Janu

ary

Febr

uary

Mar

ch

Apr

il

May

June

July

Augu

st

Sept

embe

r

Oct

ober

Nov

embe

r

Dec

embe

r

_Month

Ava

ilabi

lity[%

]

2001

No data

Total : 84 %

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Forschungszentrum Karlsruhein der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft

Beamtime Beamtime ScheduleScheduleSchicht Schicht Schicht

KW 1 2 3 KW 1 2 3 KW 1 2 3Mo 1 40 MB MBDi 2 MB MBMi 3 MB MBDo 4 MB MB SNB 1 KB KBFr 5 MB MB SNB 2 KB KBSa 6 3 1So 7 4 2Mo 8 41 KB MB 5 45 KB MB 3 49 KB MBDi 9 NB NB 6 NB NB 4 NB NB SNBMi 10 NB NB 7 NB NB 5 NB NB SNBDo 11 NB NB SNB 8 NB NB SNB 6 NB NB SNBFr 12 MB MB SNB 9 SNB SNB SNB 7 SNB SNB SNBSa 13 10 8So 14 11 9Mo 15 42 KB MB 12 46 KB KB 10 50 KB MBDi 16 NB NB 13 KB KB 11 NB NBMi 17 NB NB 14 KB KB 12 NB NBDo 18 SNB SNB SNB 15 KB KB 13 SNB SNB SNBFr 19 MB MB SNB 16 MB MB 14 MB MB SNBSa 20 17 15So 21 18 16Mo 22 43 KB MB 19 47 MB MB 17 51 KB MBDi 23 NB NB 20 MB MB 18 NB NBMi 24 NB NB 21 MB MB 19 NB NBDo 25 SNB SNB SNB 22 MB MB SNB 20 NB NBFr 26 MB MB SNB 23 MB MB SNB 21 KB KBSa 27 24 22So 28 25 23Mo 29 44 KB MB 26 48 KB MB 24 52 KB KBDi 30 NB NB 27 NB NB 25 KB KBMi 31 NB NB 28 NB NB 26 KB KBDo 29 SNB SNB SNB 27 KB KBFr 30 MB MB SNB 28 KB KBSa 29So 30Mo 31 1 KB KB

Oktober November Dezember

Users operation2.5 GeV

IMT special1.3/1.6 GeV

Maschineoptimisation

Forschungszentrum Karlsruhein der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft

High intensity

ANKAANKA GenerationGeneration

1900 1920 1980 2000

1x1010

1x1015

1x1020

Bril

lanc

e[p

h/s/

mra

d2/m

m2 /

0.1%

bw]

Jahr

1.Generation Source

X-Ray Tube

2. Generation

3. Generation

ANKA

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Forschungszentrum Karlsruhein der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft

TheThe ANKA ANKA MachineMachine

circumference: 110.4m

diameter: 35 m

Energy 2.5 GeV

current ca. 200 mA

lifetime: > 20 h

Forschungszentrum Karlsruhein der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft

Electron Energies:

Electron Gun 70 keV

Linac of the Microtron: 5.3 MeV

Racetrack-Mikroton 53 MeV

Electron SourceElectron Source and and MicrotronMicrotron

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Forschungszentrum Karlsruhein der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft

MicrotronInjection line

Boostere-Gun

Gun pulse current 500 mApulse length 4 ms

mikrotron current 4 mA pulse length 1 ms

Booster current 8 mACirculation time 88 ns repetition rate1 Hz

TheThe ANKA BoosterANKA Booster

Forschungszentrum Karlsruhein der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft

Quadrupole: focussing of theelectron beam .

Sextupole:compensation of chromatic abberation`.

Dipol Sources:16 magnets with a radius of 5.56 m each, angled 22.5, mag. field 1.5 T, 80 coils, current 687 A, watercooled.

ANKA MagnetsANKA Magnets

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Forschungszentrum Karlsruhein der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft

Spectra of ANKA BM, IDs

107

109

1011

1013

1015

1017

Phot

/s/0

.1%

bw/m

m2

mra

d2

10 eV 100 eV 1keV 10keV 100keV

Photon energy

BrillianceBrilliance

Spectra Spectra of ANKA BM and Insertion of ANKA BM and Insertion DevicesDevices

R.Rosmanith, ISS

Bending Magnet

SUL-Wiggler

UndulatorWERA-BL

Sc Mini-Undulator

Forschungszentrum Karlsruhein der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft

ANKA ANKA Wiggler Wiggler and and Undulator Undulator

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Forschungszentrum Karlsruhein der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft

Soft X-RayAnalytik (WERA)

INE

SUL-X

MPI Stuttgart

Infrared-Spectroskopy

Protein-cristallography

Roentgen-fluorescence,Topography

Roentgen-Diffraction

Roentgen-absorption

Roentgenlithography

(clean room)

ANKA ANKA Beamlines Beamlines 2003 2003

Booster

Wiggler

Undulator

Forschungszentrum Karlsruhein der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft

ANKA ANKA MethodsMethods

probeprobeX-ray

absorption

fluorescencephoto-elektrons

Bragg-

diffraction

small angle scattering

Compton-scattering

reflexion

change of polarisation

phase contrast

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Forschungszentrum Karlsruhein der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft

ANKA Absorption ANKA Absorption BeamlineBeamlineEnergyRange: 2-30 keVEnergyResolution: 2 x10-4 keV

Probe Size: 40 x 0.2 mm

Flux: 2 x1011 Ph/(s 0.1%Bw)

Forschungszentrum Karlsruhein der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft

ANKA ANKA Diffraction BeamlineDiffraction BeamlineEnergy Range 6-20 keV

EnergyResolution: 2 10-4 keV

Probe Size: 1 x 0.2 mm2

Flux: 5 x1011 Ph/(s 0.1%Bw)

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Forschungszentrum Karlsruhein der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft

ANKA ANKA Topography BeamlineTopography BeamlineEnergy Range white

light

Probe Size: 10 x 10 mm2

Flux: 10 W

Forschungszentrum Karlsruhein der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft

ANKA ANKA Fluorescence BeamlineFluorescence BeamlineEnergyRange: 1-20 keV

EnergyResolution: 5 x10-2 keV

Probe Size: 1 x 1 mm

Flux: 1 x1013 Ph/(s0.1%Bw)

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Forschungszentrum Karlsruhein der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft

ANKA PX ANKA PX BeamlineBeamlineEnergy Range: 4-20 keVEnergyResolution: 5 10

-4 keV

Probe Size: 0.5 x 0.5 mm

Flux: 1 x1012 Ph/(s 0.1%Bw)

Forschungszentrum Karlsruhein der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft

ANKA IR ANKA IR BeamlineBeamlineEnergyRange: 4-20 keV

EnergyResolution: 5 10

-4 keV

Flux: 0.5 x 0.5 mm

82,51

*)

*)

FTIR-spectrometerIR-microscope

SUL

Ellipsometer

FTIR-spectrometerMPI-FKF

0 1 m

High pressure set-up

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Forschungszentrum Karlsruhein der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft

ANKA ANKA Lithograpy Lithograpy II--IIIIIIEnergyRange

Power [W]

Probe Size[mm]

Lithography I 1.5 - 4 6 120 x 10

Lithography II 2-8 40 120 x 10

Lithography III 5-40 100 120 x 10

LocationLocation of of PLCsPLCsand and safe safe CANCAN--Bus Bus for for up to 32up to 32ANKA ANKA BeamlinesBeamlines

ManagementDevice

Logic Devices

Transmission rate: 250 Kbit/s (250 m length) max. 64 Bussubscribers and 32 alarm groups alarm response time < 50 msec

Line-Bus topology

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Forschungszentrum Karlsruhein der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft

Lithography Lithography II--III III BeamlineBeamline ControlControl and and BPSSBPSS CabinetsCabinets

Left: two cabinets with 68k VME controllers forLIGA I, II Beamlines.

Right: three PersonnelSafety Controller cabinets for LIGA I III.

Forschungszentrum Karlsruhein der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft

Interface of Interface of the the ANKAANKAMachineMachine//Beamline InterlockBeamline Interlock

control room

beam dump safety relay

- - - - - - - - - - -

machine controller

BPSS Master

ANKA Beamlines, up to 32 safety Bus subscribers (=Beamlines)

TCP/IP Ethernet to BL. PCs

PSS

3100

PSS

3100

VME

PS

3100

PSS

3100

VME VME

PSS

3100BL 1

BL 2

BL 3

BL 32

VME

CAN

D I/0

safe CAN Bus

safe D I/O

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Local ControlLocal Control System DetailsSystem Details

machine

enable openingfrontend valve

beamdump synchrotron

close radiation shutter duringinjection

personnel safetyPLC (BPSS)

beamline safety PLC

hutches

photon shutter

frontend

components

optical and experimental

components

Cooling

Shutter close/open

Beamdump request

VME crate local beamline

Central BPSS controller

All other BL.PLCs

TCP/IP Ethernet

Forschungszentrum Karlsruhein der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft

ANKA ANKA Beamline Beamline GUIGUI

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Forschungszentrum Karlsruhein der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft

Frontend Radiation ShutterFrontend Radiation Shutter

Two pairs of end switches are monitored.

Allowed states of Front-end Shutter (FS): open or closed, max. allowed state transition time

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Forschungszentrum Karlsruhein der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft

read Input Pattern

Compare Cs ABC in ok?

numb.of readerrors to high?

store Input data Pattern error cond. handling

Safety Application ProgSynchronisation, 3x C

compare Cs ABC out ok?

WriteOutput data pattern

comparishon Ok?

No

No No

No

diag. timeslices 1 ms

Wait State to def constant cycletime of programm

Cycletime