Australia’s Government. Australia’s Government. Federal parliamentary democracy. There are three key factors that determine Australia’s government: form of leadership type of legislature role of the citizen. Form of Leadership. H ead of state Queen Elizabeth II (England) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
There are three key factors that determine Australias government:form of leadershiptype of legislaturerole of the citizen
Form of LeadershipHead of state Queen Elizabeth II (England) Just a figureheadShe does not run the countryshe signs lawsapproves electionscommander-in-chief of the military.
Form of LeadershipGovernor GeneralThe prime minister selects someone to represent the Queen in Australia
Form of LeadershipPrime minister head of the governmenthas the most political powerleader of the biggest political party in the Commonwealth Parliament
Type of LegislatureCommonwealth Parliament-elected government that makes laws.Every 4 years, citizens vote for members
2 houses of the Commonwealth Parliament: House of RepresentativesSenate
Type of LegislatureHouse of Representatives: Australia is divided into areas called electoratespeople living in each electorate vote for a person to represent them in parliament.elected person becomes the MP of the House of Representatives for that area
Type of LegislatureSenate: 76 memebers 12 people from each of the 6 states 2 people from each of the 2 territories
Role of the CitizenDemocracy: voters choose the lawmakers18 or over is required by law to vote.Citizens vote for members in Senate and House of Representatives.
Voters do not vote for head of state (Queen)governor-generaldirectly for the prime minister.
Role of the CitizenAustralians enjoy many freedoms.freedom of religion, speech, job choice, travel, etc.
Their level of freedom is similar to what people have in the United Kingdom & the United States.