Brief Adlerian Therapy For Linked In

  • View

  • Download

Embed Size (px)


training of clinical staff on Adlerian Therapy; handouts and activities missing

Text of Brief Adlerian Therapy For Linked In

  • 1. Brief Adlerian Therapy

2. Are you an Adlerian Therapist?

  • Please complete the following quiz
  • Clinical areas:
    • Case Conceptualization
    • Clinical Theory
    • Meta-theory
    • Human beings are creative, thus creating their own perceptions and views of the world
    • Truth is created based on ones personal perspective; therefore,
    • it can be adaptive or maladaptive
    • Formal Theory
    • Clinical Strategies
    • Clinical Techniques
  • If you responded yes to any of the questions, you might be an Adlerian Therapist!

3. Commonalities

  • Clients are encouraged to overcome their feelings of insecurity, develop deeper feelings of connectedness, and to redirect their striving for significance into more socially beneficial directions.
  • Using respectful Socratic dialogue, they are challenged to correct mistaken assumptions, attitudes, behaviors and feelings about themselves and the world.
  • Constant encouragement stimulates clients to try what was previously believed as impossible.
  • The growth of confidence, pride, and gratification leads to a greater desire and ability to cooperate.
  • The objective of therapy is to replace exaggerated self-protection, self-enhancement, and self-indulgence with courageous social contribution

4. 5. Goals of Adlerian Therapy

  • Establish empathic relationship
      • Equal, collaborative effort
      • Counselor provides conditions necessary for helping relationship
  • Develop insight into mistaken goals & self-defeating behaviors
      • Understand purpose of old behavior
      • Interpret as a lack of effectiveness
  • Discover alternatives & make new choices

6. Adlerian Therapy Techniques

  • Set tasks, make a commitment
      • State goals, determine what client wants to change
  • Explore beliefs about self, counselors purpose, & expectations of counseling
  • Confront private logic & beliefs
      • Discover private goals, attitudes, & beliefs
      • Explore how these affect behaviors & their intentions, feelings
  • Attend to behavior & listening

7. Techniques in Adlerian Therapy, continued

  • Goal alignment
  • Paradoxical intention
      • Produce symptoms one is complaining about; become more symptomatic in order to reframe system
  • Reflection of feeling, empathic understanding
  • Productive use of silence
  • Use of tentative hypotheses & interpretation

8. Purpose of Brief Therapy

  • Clarify & resolve a narrowly focused intrapsychic conflict
      • Goal: provide symptom relief
  • Issues must be focal, limited
      • Client selection is stringent
      • YAVIS: young, attractive values, verbal, intelligent, socially successful
      • High ego strength, motivated, able to tolerate painful affects, willing to work within therapy

9. Adlerian Brief Therapy

  • Adler originally saw clients for 20 or fewer sessions
    • Style accommodates clients needs and style
    • Formal course of brief therapy is both indicated and negotiated, then brief course of treatment is followed
    • If long-term treatment is indicated and desired, then longer-term treatment proceeds
    • If at all possible, brief therapy is used

10. Adler BT, continued

  • Treatment length depends on number of factors
    • If only one life task is addressed, therapy is brief; if more than one then longer therapy is needed
      • Ex: well-developed social interest can be helped in a shorter time frame
      • Good match between client & therapist
      • Stressful life situations need consideration
      • Certain types of private logic can be challenging
      • Resistance, transference issues

11. Adler BT, continued

  • Therapist assumes client is open system striving for fulfillment
    • Determined by interaction between innate perceptions & early life strivings
    • What emerges is a unified perceptual system (i.e. master plan) called the lifestyle

12. Stages of ABT

  • Empathy-Relationship Stage
  • Information Stage
    • Often concurrent with 1 ststage
  • Clarification Stage
    • Socratic questioning about client's core beliefs of self, others, & life
  • Encouragement Stage
    • Encourage client to find courage in oneself
  • Interpretation & Recognition Stage

13. Stages of ABT, continued

  • Reinforcement Stage
    • let go of selves and focus on others, tasks, & needs of situations
  • Community Feeling Stage
    • connect more with others, cooperate with them, & contribute to their welfare
  • Goal-Redirection Stage
    • aspire to the ideal of what people could become
  • Support and Launching Stage
    • looks forward to the unexpected in life

14. Stages of ABT, continued

  • Knowing Stage
    • Client shares interpretations & insights
  • Missing Experience Stage
    • use role-play, guided imagery, or eidetic imagery exercises to replace past negative images with new nurturing, encouraging experiences & images
  • Doing Differently Stage
    • Small, experimental steps

15. Comparison of Models

  • Psychodynamic orientation
    • Bellak
    • Short-Term Anxiety Provoking Psychotherapy (STAPP)(Sifneo)
    • Time Limited Psychotherapy(Mann)
    • Interpersonal Psychotherapy(Klerman)
  • Cognitive-Behavioral orientation
    • Cognitive Therapy(Beck)
    • Brief Behavioral Marital Therapy(Weiss & Jacobson)
  • Systems orientation
    • MRI Brief Therapy Approach(Weakland)
  • Brief Family Therapy & Solution Focused Therapy(de Shazer)
  • Experiential orientation
    • Brief Interpersonal-Developmental-Experiential Therapy(Budman)
    • Adlerian Approach (Adler)

16. Applications

  • Examples include parenting, marital relationships, and career choice and development.
  • These interventions can help individuals cope with developmental milestones, life crises, and change points in their lives.
  • Adler developed models to be used in schools as a way to foster healthy development in children