CANADA - OECD. . Development Assistance Committee (DAC) PEER REVIEW 2012 . ORGANISATION FOR ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT

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  • CANADA

    Development Assistance Committee (DAC) PEER REVIEW 2012

    ORGANISATION FOR ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION AND

    DEVELOPMENT

  • This work is published on the responsibility of the Secretary-General of the OECD. The opinions expressed and arguments employed herein do not necessarily reflect the official views of the organisation or the governments of its member countries. This document and any map included herein are without prejudice to the status of or sovereignty over any territory, to the delimitation of international frontiers and boundaries and to the name of any territory, city or area.

  • FOREWARD 3

    DAC PEER REVIEW CANADA OECD 2012

    The Peer Review Process

    The DAC conducts periodic reviews of the individual development co-operation efforts of DAC members. The policies and programmes of each member are critically examined approximately once every four or five years. Five members are examined annually. The OECDs Development Co-operation Directorate provides analytical support and is responsible for developing and maintaining the conceptual framework within which the Peer Reviews are undertaken. The Peer Review is prepared by a team, consisting of representatives of the Secretariat working with officials from two DAC members who are designated as examiners. The country under review provides a memorandum setting out the main developments in its policies and programmes. Then the Secretariat and the examiners visit the capital to interview officials, parliamentarians, as well as civil society and NGO representatives of the donor country to obtain a first-hand insight into current issues surrounding the development co-operation efforts of the member concerned. Field visits assess how members are implementing the major DAC policies, principles and concerns, and review operations in recipient countries, particularly with regard to poverty reduction, sustainability, gender equality and other aspects of participatory development, and local aid co-ordination. The Secretariat then prepares a draft report on the members development co-operation which is the basis for the DAC review meeting at the OECD. At this meeting senior officials from the member under review respond to questions formulated by the Secretariat in association with the examiners. This review contains the Main Findings and Recommendations of the Development Assistance Committee and the report of the Secretariat. It was prepared with examiners from France and the Netherlands for the Peer Review of Canada on 15 May 2012.

    In order to achieve its aims the OECD has set up a number of specialised committees. One of these is the Development Assistance Committee, whose members have agreed to secure an expansion of aggregate volume of resources made available to developing countries and to improve their effectiveness. To this end, members periodically review together both the amount and the nature of their contributions to aid programmes, bilateral and multilateral, and consult each other on all other relevant aspects of their development assistance policies.

    The members of the Development Assistance Committee are Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Korea, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, the United States and the European Union.

  • 4 FOREWORD

    DAC PEER REVIEW CANADA OECD 2012

    Canada Aid at a glance

    Canada - implementation of 2007 peer review recommendations

    Partially implemented: 9

    recommendations

    Implemented: 8 recommendations

    (28%)

    Not implemented:

    1 recommendation

  • TABLE OF CONTENTS 5

    Table of contents

    List of Acronyms ................................................................................................................................ 7

    DACS Main Findings and Recommendations .............................................................................. 9

    Chapter 1. Strategic Orientations ................................................................................................. 21

    A strong reputation in development co-operation......................................................................... 22 Canada is reforming its aid, but it still needs a clear and consistent vision .................................. 22 A key opportunity to align all Canadas aid delivery channels around a common approach ....... 28 Canada needs a strategic approach for mainstreaming cross-cutting issues ................................. 30 Accountability arrangements should be geared towards results and transparency ....................... 31 Future considerations .................................................................................................................... 32

    Chapter 2. Development Beyond Aid ........................................................................................... 35

    The need for greater commitment to policy coherence for development ..................................... 36 Progress in using whole-of-government approaches .................................................................... 39 Future considerations .................................................................................................................... 42

    Chapter 3. Aid Volumes, Channels and Allocations ................................................................... 45

    The need to sustain increases in Canadas ODA volumes ............................................................ 46 A consolidated system for managing development co-operation ................................................. 47 Getting the balance right between bilateral and multilateral channels ......................................... 49 Focusing bilateral ODA better ...................................................................................................... 49 Maintaining large and strategic contributions to the multilateral system ..................................... 55 Non-ODA flows ............................................................................................................................ 56 Future considerations .................................................................................................................... 57

    Chapter 4. Organisation and Management ................................................................................. 59

    Shared responsibility for Canadas ODA...................................................................................... 60 Some structural changes since 2007 ............................................................................................. 60 Modernising Canadas development co-operation system ........................................................... 62 Canadas evaluation capacity: upgraded and more effective ........................................................ 65 Making the most of Canadas development co-operation staff .................................................... 66 Future considerations .................................................................................................................... 68

    Chapter 5. Aid Effectiveness and Results .................................................................................... 69

    A commitment to the principles of effective aid, but a mixed performance in practice ............... 70 Canada has made progress in some important aid effectiveness areas ......................................... 72 Further progress is needed to meet Canadas aid effectiveness commitments ............................. 74 Future considerations .................................................................................................................... 76

    Chapter 6. Humanitarian Assistance ............................................................................................ 77

    A consistent, yet cautious, humanitarian donor, without a clear strategy ..................................... 78 Humanitarian funding ................................................................................................................... 80

  • 6 TABLE OF CONTENTS

    DAC PEER REVIEW CANADA OECD 2012

    Give CIDAs solid operational structure greater authority ........................................................... 83 Monitoring focuses on partner performance, but not yet on Canadas results or on learning ...... 83 Future considerations .................................................................................................................... 84

    Bibliography .................................................................................................................................... 87

    Annex A Progress Against the 2007 Recommendations ............................................................. 91

    Annex B OECD/DAC Standard Suite of Tables ......................................................................... 97

    Annex C Field Visit to Ethiopia .................................................................................................. 104

    Description of Key Terms .............................................................................................................. 113

    Tables

    Table 1.1. Canadas 20 countries of focus, 2011 .................................................................. 25 Table 2.1. Canadas progress in building policy coherence for development, 2007-2011 ... 36 Table 3.1 Planned Reductions - International Assistance Envelope .................................... 47 Table 4.1. Full time employees of the government of Canada responsible for ODA in .......... 2012 .......