Cause & Effect Academic Writing Presentation

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    08-Apr-2018

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    Cause & EffectTim Drown

    UPH Professional Development

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    Time

    Cause Effect

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    Cause Effect

    Time

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    One cause : one effectMany causes : one effect

    One cause : many effects

    Many causes : many effects

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    One or Many?

    Causes

    Effects

    1 >1

    1 1:1 1:>1

    >1>1:1 >1:>1

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    What is the cause / effect?

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    Reasons for effects (results)

    When you are writing critically, it is important

    to explain why you think something is true.

    You need to give reasons and explanationsfor any general statements you make.

    Example without reason or explanation:

    The death rate from cancer is increasing.

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    Notice how the cause and effect

    relationships are expressed below:

    There are several factors to be taken into account

    when studying why some plants become weak or

    die. One reason is lack of water. Dryness in th

    esoil causes the leaves to wilt, and may give rise to

    the death of the plant. On the otherhand, too

    much water may result in the leaves drooping, or

    becoming yellow.Wh

    ile sunshine is necessary forplants, if it is too strong, the soil may be baked and

    the roots killed. However, if there is no light, the

    leaves will become pale and the stems thin.

    Consequently the plant may die.

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    Cause & effect relationships

    Lack of water dryness in the soil

    leaves wilt death of plant.

    Too much water leaves becomeyellow death of plant.

    Too muchhot sun baked soil

    roots killed death of plant. Lack of light pale leaves & thin

    stems death of plant.

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    Another example

    In the meantime, warhad broken out

    between the United States and Mexico.

    The main cause was a long standing

    dispute over where the southernboundary of Texas belonged. Americans

    were saying the boundary was along the

    Rio Grande River, and the Mexicans wereinsisting that the boundary belonged

    along the Nueces River.

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