Chapter 4 Safe Driving. Speed Controls. A driver is responsible to know 2 speed zones – 25 mph - Residential, school & business 50 mph - All others What this means is if there are no signs posted you must choose the proper speed zone Exceeding the speed is a common factor of all crashes. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Chapter 4 Safe Driving
Speed ControlsA driver is responsible to know 2 speed zones
25 mph - Residential, school & business50 mph - All others
What this means is if there are no signs posted you must choose the proper speed zone
Exceeding the speed is a common factor of all crashes Speed Zones continueSpeed limits are the highest speed you should travel under ideal conditions. A good rule is to keep up with traffic at any legal speed.
25 - Business or residential25 - School must be posted35 - Suburban business & residential 50 - Other55 - Certain state highways & interstates65 - InterstatesSpeed Zones continueDouble fines 4 areas where penalties double
School Zones Construction ZonesSafe Corridor Zones65 MPH Speed ZonesSpeed limits not postedIt is possible to get a speeding ticket when going the post limit WHY?If driving faster than the weather or road conditions safely allow
Always slow down:On narrow or winding roadsAt intersections & railroad crossingsHillsSharp or blind curvesWet slippery roadsPedestrians or driving hazards Safe Corridor ZonesThese are sections of a high way that have above average accident reports. In these areas, which are marked by signs, all fines are doubled as a way of getting motorists to drive with more caution.
These sections also require higher police presence and additional road maintenance all in an effort to reduce the accident ratePassingThe term passing means that you are changing lane in order to go by slower moving vehicles
TTLB: Passing is it legal, is it safe, & do I need to
Legal line nearest me is it solid or brokensign preventingUnsafe area hills, curves, blind areas, intersections, rail roads, narrow bridges, other vehicles yielding to pedestrians Keep to the RightLaw requires motorists to stay to the right, except to pass
What good, responsible, safe driver know is when they have the right-of-way and when they have to yield.
A good driver will also know when and how to give you their right-of-way. Overly courteous drivers cause a lot of problemsYield Must yield to:
All Emergency vehicles in service (lights & sirens) Buses & postal vehicles re-entering traffic Pedestrians Motorized or mobility vehicles Other vehicles already in intersection
Pedestrians NJ experiences a large number of pedestrian accidents compared to other states. In order to reduce this we must take a shared responsibility approach. The motorists must:
Yield to pedestriansDont block or park on side walks and crosswalksKeep windshield cleanBe alert in high pedestrian areasWatch for pedestrians when turn (all)Never pass vehicles that are yielding to pedestrians IntersectionsDefinition where 2 or more roads meet.
Most collisions occur at intersections
A single solid white line across a road at an intersection is a stop line. If a stop is required, you must come to a complete stop before crossing that line.Types of IntersectionsControlled traffic is controlled by traffic signals or signs (or officer)
Laws governing signals dictate right-of-way, but at four way stop intersection, when cars arrive together the person on left has the right-of-way or the person on the right has to yield to the person on the left.
Uncontrolled intersections without signals or signs reduce speed and be prepared to stopIntersection continuedSignals not working treat as a four-way stop
Exam note: a driver cannot drive on private property to avoid a traffic signal or sign, the only time a motorist can do so is when told to by police
Blind intersections slow down or stop to check traffic
Circles rules governing circle are individualEntering & Exiting Limit accessAcceleration lanes extra lanes added to road to allow motorist to speed up in order to enter a roadway. Remember these lanes will end & you are the driver responsible to yield
Deceleration lane extra lanes added to allow motorists to slow down to exit at the posted speed
Weaves combined additional lane for entering & leaving. Motorist enter must yieldDisabled VehicleIf your vehicle does break down Pull vehicle as far off the road as possibleRemember to signal and slow down with care.Turn on hazard lightsRaise hood and or attach cloth to hood or windowPlace flares or signs 300 feet behind carCall for help and stay with vehicleDont stand behind carCurvesApproaching curves is the same as approaching a turn except for the single, many people cause their own skid by doing this wrong.
Slow down (to posted limit) before enteringAvoid drifting Once in the turn foot should be on gasAt half way point gradually accelerateIf you are riding the brake you have erred so you at the hospital TurningRight on Red Law: You must turn right on red unless a sign is posted.
SignalCome complete stop (the rock)After yielding to traffic & pedestrians you may turnGlance at light to see if it has changed
Turns continuedRight turns:
SignalMove to appropriate lane (to far right)Stay in proper laneBe alert to pedestrians or bicyclists on right
Turns continuedLeft turns:Is it legalLeft most legal lane, (closest to center line) signalYield to all on coming & pedestrian trafficTurn into the left most legal laneStay in lane (Dont cut or turn wide)
Exam -Turning left from two-way to four-lane highwayStopping Regulations Signs, signals & rules indicate when a motoristshould stop. Most accidents occur at intersectionsnormally due to people trying to jump the signal, ignore yield regulations or trying to beat the signal.
To avoid accidents slow down when approaching an intersection and be prepared to stop. StopAt stop signSolid or flashing red lightOfficer or traffic control person orders you toSchool bus with lights onComing from a private roadDraw bridge or rail road with warning lights onPedestrian in cross walk Blind pedestrian (dog or cane)Motorized wheel chairStopping continuedStop line Solid white line across road
Certain vehicles must stop at rail road crossings if you are behind one you must also stop (see no passing)
School Bus Stop at least 25 feet in all directions unless:Divided highwayIn front of school may pass at 10 mphStop continuedFrozen Dessert (ice cream truck): When conducting business you are to stop, yield to all pedestrians then you may pass at 15 mph
Pull over and stop for emergency vehicles in service. (yield to) After the vehicle has passed you may proceed but dont follow within 300 feet and never park within 200 feet. Urban areas my have an emergency lane
Use of LightsWhen: hour after sunset hour before sun riseWind shield wipers onVisibility of less than 500 feet (fog, smoke, snow)
Parking or auxiliary light cannot be used when head lights are requiredLights continuedBright or high beams used for open country driving.
TTLB: The person driving toward you can see you are you scared? Turn your high beams off anytime there is a vehicle within 500 feet of your car. Including divided highways
Quick flash of your lights then look low and to rightDims for driving in city and traffic Other required lightsTail Lights - RearBrake Lights - Rear Back-up Lights - RearPlate Lights - RearSignal Lights - Rear & Front/sideHazard Lights - Rear & Front/sideParking Lights - Rear & Front/sideHead Lights - FrontDome Lights - InsideDash lights - InsideParking RegulationsWhen leaving a parked car open the door with care the driver is responsible for collisions occurring from opening doors.
Cars must be no farther than 6 inches from curb
Check for parking regulation signs before parking.
Then sign that controls your car is the sign behind you or the last sign you saw. No ParkingFire hydrant 10 feetCrosswalk 25 feetStop Sign & railroad crossing 50 feetFire station entrance 20 feet, 75 feet opposite sideOn crosswalkOn SidewalkRed or yellow zone (pedestrian safety zone)On interstateIn bus stopDriveway entrance (any)On bridge or elevated roadNext to another car (double parked)Prohibited by ordinance
Cell PhonesTTLB: (After seat belts this is the number one TTLB) - Driving and texting has proven to be more dangerous that driving at the level of .08. I will do neither. If I need to talk or texted I will pull over.
Pull over, Pull over, Pull over!! $100 to $250 fine, primary offense, all electronics are a GDL offense
Exceptions: Fire, Accident, Road Hazards, Medical emergency, Hazardous materials, report erratic driving
LitteringThe driver is responsible for the vehicle, and trash thrown from a vehicle (moving or parked) can result in a fine of up to $1,000 and loss of license.
Life lesson There is no excuse for littering be a better citizen and dont litter or stand by quietly while others do. Regardless of the situation or location.