Chemical Management in Lao Management in Lao PDR By: Khonekeo KINGKHAMBANG Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Lao PDR 6th Regional Chemicals Management Forum 19-21 March 2013, Vientiane , Lao PDR

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  • Chemical Management in Lao PDR

    By: Khonekeo KINGKHAMBANG Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment

    Lao PDR

    6th Regional Chemicals Management Forum 19-21 March 2013, Vientiane , Lao PDR

  • Content

    Law and Regulations

    Environmental Sector

    Health Sector

    Industry Sector Agriculture Sector

  • Status of Regulation and Laws for Chemical Management in Laos

    Environment Protection Law

    Decree on ESIA implementation (2010)

    National Environmental Standard ..Etc..

    Agriculture Law No 01/98.PM, dated 10/10/98

    Regulation for the management and usage of pesticide No 0886/FAM, Dated 10/03/2000 ( 3rd revised )

    Medicine and Medical Products Law,

  • Laws and Regulations

    Regulation for management and Control of Waste discharge from Industrial

    Mining Law, and Etc Regulations on Import and Export of

    Chemicals Decree On Import and Export

    Management Hazardous Chemical Strategic Plan 2006

    2020 (Ministry of Science and Technology)

  • Chemical Inventories

    Selected hazardous chemicals:

    POPs (Persistent organic pollutants): Pesticides, PCB, Dioxines etc.

  • Heavy Metals and other Chemicals

    Most heavy metals are found as trace metal in mines, and emitted from mining activities in varying quantities.

    Use of mercury in small-scale mining operations is a problem in several areas of the country.

    Cyanide is also released at some mining sites, resulting in environmental and health impacts.

  • Lead

    Heavy metals are found in many different imported products, and they are released to the environment over time because of inappropriate waste disposal methods.

    Lead production and lead recycling is a concern is some areas.

    Lead still used in paints (2,8 tons has found in year 2010);

  • Legislations on Health Sector

    Reviewing medical production law;

    Draft regulation on Hazardous Chemical Management which is in used on Health sector;

    NA approving regulation on solid waste;

    Decree on chemical waste from health care center;

  • Common waste treatment

    Disposed at landfill

    (rudimentary pits at rural

    health facilities)

    Incinerator (for provincial

    and central hospitals)

    Discharge untreated waste

    with general waste

  • Strengths

    Government shows highly concerns as it becomes immediate and long term issues.

    Ministerial regulation is existing in waiting for the development of policy .

    Good starting points in Environmental Performance Index : guideline, training, provision of safety boxes, incinerators and follow-up.

    Strong partnership with WHO (TA, Piloting, assessment of HC

  • Chemical Management in Industry

    and Commerce sector

    12

  • Chemical Management in Industry and

    commerce sector

    Industry and Commerce sector is responsible for

    import, use and storage of all hazardous chemical

    for Industry activities.

    The sector has completed some activities such as:

    - Regulation on chemical management.

    - Draft regulation on hazardous chemical list (

    classify in to 3 group)

    13

  • Chemical Management in Industry and commerce sector

    Completed translation from English to Lao

    on Labelling and Safety data sheet form

    Organised some training on chemical

    management for user and worker in

    Industry sector

  • Constrain

    Lao PDR doesn't have specific Decree or Law and national strategy on Chemical Management yet.

    User and worker have less understanding on chemical.

    Lack of budget to support training for user

    and worker

  • Agriculture Sector

  • WHO Class Ib pesticides such as methomyl, dicrotophos and carbofuran are still used in vegetable production. The main environmental pollution problem

    The storage and disposal is not safe.

    Especially, the disposal of empty pesticide packages in the field is likely to result in environmental pollution.

    It is highly recommended that training

    on pesticide risk reduction and alternative options for pest control be held for provincial and district staff as well as farmer communities in Province as to reduce the use of highly toxic pesticides and herbicides.

  • Pesticide mixing and personal protection practices

    Spraying and protection behavior

  • Pesticide Risk Reduction

    To ensure that only appropriate types and

    quality pesticides are introduced,

    To ensure that pesticides are effective when used as recommended,

    To minimize effects to human beings and the environment consequent to the application of pesticides and consumer.

  • Pesticide Risk reduction(Continue)

    Severely restricted or banned Toxic pesticides,

    Periodical Reviews and short listing of companies as well as WHO II & III class pesticides .

  • Awareness raising about issues related to agricultural chemicals

    Awareness on pesticide impacts on human health and environment.

    Public education and awareness raising Public raising: highly hazardous : pesticides such as paraquat and endosulfan, and those identified , through monitoring.

    Information Materials e.g. books, monographs and modules

  • Importation of pesticide and distribution

    Lao PDR does not produce any active ingredients, nor does it formulate any pesticides locally.

    All pesticides are imported as formulated products and mainly come from Thailand, Vietnam and China

  • The main channels for importation of pesticides are:

    Private companies that are formally

    registered with the commerce authorities.

    Smuggling from neighboring countries into Lao PDR by traders or farmers.

    Concession and contract farming arrangements.

  • Pesticide legislation

    Since 1992, the Regulation on Management and use of Pesticides was promulgated by the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (MAF), and revised two times, the last one was 2000.

    Decree on Pesticide Management and Use.

  • Main issue

    Enforcement of the Regulation is weak and the majority of importation remains unofficial

    Long borders make it difficult to control informal importation

  • Pesticides usage

    When there are a lot of insects and diseases, farmers need to put different kinds of pesticides together ( Cocktail).

    Farmers usually didnt follow it says on label.

  • Problem related to Chemicals Control

    Existing law is not mentioned on chemicals control, global harmonization system on classification and labelling of chemicals;

    Knowledge and skill in the area of chemicals control is quite limitted;

    Consumers are not understand how to use Chemicals safely; Required to strengthen the cooperation and coordination among public and private sectors to effectively implement the chemical management related legislation and programmes.

  • Current Situation

    Public Awareness Raising on Health and Environmental Risks;

    Environmental Economic Tools to assess cost-effective to assess the impacts and options to respond.

  • Medium and long term

    Full Inventories;

    Strengthen Toxic Wastes Management and Coordination System at the National Level;

    Development and Implementation of Toxic Wastes Legislation;

    Capacity Building and Institutional Strengthening;

    Establishment of Collection System for Special Toxic Wastes ;

  • Promote Environmental Sound Management;

    Promote the Use of Cleaner Technology Solutions and

    Polluters Pay Principal; Best Available Techniques and Best Environmental Practices;

    Awareness Raising and Public Consultation on how to prevent, handle and dispose toxic wastes;

    Curriculum (chemical management/engineering) form the

    primary to Uni and capacity building (toxicity, toxicology; and up-gate knowledge (master and PhD );

    Chemical classification (to support GHS)

  • THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION

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