Chemical Management in Lao PDR
By: Khonekeo KINGKHAMBANG Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment
6th Regional Chemicals Management Forum 19-21 March 2013, Vientiane , Lao PDR
Law and Regulations
Industry Sector Agriculture Sector
Status of Regulation and Laws for Chemical Management in Laos
Environment Protection Law
Decree on ESIA implementation (2010)
National Environmental Standard ..Etc..
Agriculture Law No 01/98.PM, dated 10/10/98
Regulation for the management and usage of pesticide No 0886/FAM, Dated 10/03/2000 ( 3rd revised )
Medicine and Medical Products Law,
Laws and Regulations
Regulation for management and Control of Waste discharge from Industrial
Mining Law, and Etc Regulations on Import and Export of
Chemicals Decree On Import and Export
Management Hazardous Chemical Strategic Plan 2006
2020 (Ministry of Science and Technology)
Selected hazardous chemicals:
POPs (Persistent organic pollutants): Pesticides, PCB, Dioxines etc.
Heavy Metals and other Chemicals
Most heavy metals are found as trace metal in mines, and emitted from mining activities in varying quantities.
Use of mercury in small-scale mining operations is a problem in several areas of the country.
Cyanide is also released at some mining sites, resulting in environmental and health impacts.
Heavy metals are found in many different imported products, and they are released to the environment over time because of inappropriate waste disposal methods.
Lead production and lead recycling is a concern is some areas.
Lead still used in paints (2,8 tons has found in year 2010);
Legislations on Health Sector
Reviewing medical production law;
Draft regulation on Hazardous Chemical Management which is in used on Health sector;
NA approving regulation on solid waste;
Decree on chemical waste from health care center;
Common waste treatment
Disposed at landfill
(rudimentary pits at rural
Incinerator (for provincial
and central hospitals)
Discharge untreated waste
with general waste
Government shows highly concerns as it becomes immediate and long term issues.
Ministerial regulation is existing in waiting for the development of policy .
Good starting points in Environmental Performance Index : guideline, training, provision of safety boxes, incinerators and follow-up.
Strong partnership with WHO (TA, Piloting, assessment of HC
Chemical Management in Industry
and Commerce sector
Chemical Management in Industry and
Industry and Commerce sector is responsible for
import, use and storage of all hazardous chemical
for Industry activities.
The sector has completed some activities such as:
- Regulation on chemical management.
- Draft regulation on hazardous chemical list (
classify in to 3 group)
Chemical Management in Industry and commerce sector
Completed translation from English to Lao
on Labelling and Safety data sheet form
Organised some training on chemical
management for user and worker in
Lao PDR doesn't have specific Decree or Law and national strategy on Chemical Management yet.
User and worker have less understanding on chemical.
Lack of budget to support training for user
WHO Class Ib pesticides such as methomyl, dicrotophos and carbofuran are still used in vegetable production. The main environmental pollution problem
The storage and disposal is not safe.
Especially, the disposal of empty pesticide packages in the field is likely to result in environmental pollution.
It is highly recommended that training
on pesticide risk reduction and alternative options for pest control be held for provincial and district staff as well as farmer communities in Province as to reduce the use of highly toxic pesticides and herbicides.
Pesticide mixing and personal protection practices
Spraying and protection behavior
Pesticide Risk Reduction
To ensure that only appropriate types and
quality pesticides are introduced,
To ensure that pesticides are effective when used as recommended,
To minimize effects to human beings and the environment consequent to the application of pesticides and consumer.
Pesticide Risk reduction(Continue)
Severely restricted or banned Toxic pesticides,
Periodical Reviews and short listing of companies as well as WHO II & III class pesticides .
Awareness raising about issues related to agricultural chemicals
Awareness on pesticide impacts on human health and environment.
Public education and awareness raising Public raising: highly hazardous : pesticides such as paraquat and endosulfan, and those identified , through monitoring.
Information Materials e.g. books, monographs and modules
Importation of pesticide and distribution
Lao PDR does not produce any active ingredients, nor does it formulate any pesticides locally.
All pesticides are imported as formulated products and mainly come from Thailand, Vietnam and China
The main channels for importation of pesticides are:
Private companies that are formally
registered with the commerce authorities.
Smuggling from neighboring countries into Lao PDR by traders or farmers.
Concession and contract farming arrangements.
Since 1992, the Regulation on Management and use of Pesticides was promulgated by the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (MAF), and revised two times, the last one was 2000.
Decree on Pesticide Management and Use.
Enforcement of the Regulation is weak and the majority of importation remains unofficial
Long borders make it difficult to control informal importation
When there are a lot of insects and diseases, farmers need to put different kinds of pesticides together ( Cocktail).
Farmers usually didnt follow it says on label.
Problem related to Chemicals Control
Existing law is not mentioned on chemicals control, global harmonization system on classification and labelling of chemicals;
Knowledge and skill in the area of chemicals control is quite limitted;
Consumers are not understand how to use Chemicals safely; Required to strengthen the cooperation and coordination among public and private sectors to effectively implement the chemical management related legislation and programmes.
Public Awareness Raising on Health and Environmental Risks;
Environmental Economic Tools to assess cost-effective to assess the impacts and options to respond.
Medium and long term
Strengthen Toxic Wastes Management and Coordination System at the National Level;
Development and Implementation of Toxic Wastes Legislation;
Capacity Building and Institutional Strengthening;
Establishment of Collection System for Special Toxic Wastes ;
Promote Environmental Sound Management;
Promote the Use of Cleaner Technology Solutions and
Polluters Pay Principal; Best Available Techniques and Best Environmental Practices;
Awareness Raising and Public Consultation on how to prevent, handle and dispose toxic wastes;
Curriculum (chemical management/engineering) form the
primary to Uni and capacity building (toxicity, toxicology; and up-gate knowledge (master and PhD );
Chemical classification (to support GHS)
THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION