20
Cambridge International Examinations Cambridge International General Certificate of Secondary Education 0620/32 May/June 2016 1 hour 15 minutes CHEMISTRY Paper 3 Theory (Core) Candidates answer on the Question Paper. Additional Materials: No Additional Materials are required. READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS FIRST Write your Centre number, candidate number and name on all the work you hand in. Write in dark blue or black pen. You may use an HB pencil for any diagrams or graphs. Do not use staples, paper clips, glue or correction fluid. DO NOT WRITE IN ANY BARCODES. Answer all questions. Electronic calculators may be used. A copy of the Periodic Table is printed on page 20. You may lose marks if you do not show your working or if you do not use appropriate units. At the end of the examination, fasten all your work securely together. The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question. The syllabus is approved for use in England, Wales and Northern Ireland as a Cambridge International Level 1/Level 2 Certificate. This document consists of 19 printed pages and 1 blank page. [Turn over 06_0620_32_2016_1.12 © UCLES 2016 *0963380272*

CHEMISTRY 0620/32 - Past Papers | GCE Guide (0620)/0620...Cambridge International Examinations Cambridge International General Certificate of Secondary Education 0620/32 May/June 2016

  • Upload
    others

  • View
    132

  • Download
    0

Embed Size (px)

Citation preview

Cambridge International ExaminationsCambridge International General Certificate of Secondary Education

0620/32May/June 2016

1 hour 15 minutes

CHEMISTRYPaper 3 Theory (Core)

Candidates answer on the Question Paper.

Additional Materials: No Additional Materials are required.

READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS FIRST

Write your Centre number, candidate number and name on all the work you hand in.Write in dark blue or black pen.You may use an HB pencil for any diagrams or graphs.Do not use staples, paper clips, glue or correction fluid.DO NOTWRITE IN ANY BARCODES.

Answer all questions.Electronic calculators may be used.A copy of the Periodic Table is printed on page 20.You may lose marks if you do not show your working or if you do not use appropriate units.

At the end of the examination, fasten all your work securely together.The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question.

The syllabus is approved for use in England, Wales and Northern Ireland as a Cambridge International Level 1/Level 2 Certificate.

This document consists of 19 printed pages and 1 blank page.

[Turn over06_0620_32_2016_1.12© UCLES 2016

*0963380272*

The structures of some substances containing phosphorus are shown.1

P

HH H

A CB

D E

PH4+ I– PH4

+ I–

PH4+ I–

Na+ Na+

Na+

P3–

Na+ Na+

Na+

P3–

Na+ Na+

Na+

P3–

PH4+ I–

I– PH4+ I– PH4

+

P

PP

P

OO

O

O

O O

P

P

P

P

Answer the following questions about these substances.(a)

Which two of these substances are ionic?(i)

[1]....................................................... and .......................................................

Which one of these substances is an element?

Explain your answer.

(ii)

................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................ [2]

Determine the simplest formula for substance D.(iii)

................................................................................................................................ [1]

06_0620_32_2016_1.12© UCLES 2016

2

Phosphorus has one naturally occurring isotope.(b)

Determine the number of neutrons present in one atom of the isotope P.(i)

................................................................................................................................ [1]

How many electrons are there in the outer shell of one phosphorus atom?(ii)

................................................................................................................................ [1]

Determine the total number of electrons present in a phosphorus molecule, P4.(iii)

................................................................................................................................ [1]

What type of oxide is phosphorus(V) oxide?

Explain your answer.

(c)

...........................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................... [2]

[Total: 9]

[Turn over06_0620_32_2016_1.12© UCLES 2016

3

The table describes the ease of reduction of some metal oxides with carbon.(a)2

ease of reduction on heatingmetal oxide

moderate heating at 200 °C neededlead oxide

high temperature at 750 °C needednickel oxide

very high temperatures above 1700 °C neededtitanium oxide

very high temperature at 900 °C neededzinc oxide

Put the metals in order of their reactivity. Put the least reactive metal first.

least reactive most reactive

[2]

Aluminium is extracted by the electrolysis of molten aluminium oxide.

Predict the products of this electrolysis at the

(b)

positive electrode (anode),................................................................................................

negative electrode (cathode)............................................................................................. [2]

When iron reacts with dilute hydrochloric acid, an aqueous solution containing iron(II) ions isformed.

Describe a test for iron(II) ions.

(c)

test.....................................................................................................................................

result.................................................................................................................................. [2]

Iron rusts very easily.(d)

Complete the following sentence.(i)

Iron rusts in the presence of ..................................... and ..................................... . [2]

06_0620_32_2016_1.12© UCLES 2016

4

Describe one method of rust prevention and explain how it works.(ii)

................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................ [2]

[Total: 10]

[Turn over06_0620_32_2016_1.12© UCLES 2016

5

Sulfur dioxide reacts with excess oxygen to form sulfur trioxide.3

2SO3(g)⇌O2(g)+2SO2(g)

What is the meaning of the symbol ⇌ ?(a)

........................................................................................................................................... [1]

The energy level diagram for the reaction is shown.(b)

energy

2SO2(g) + O2(g)

2SO3(g)

Is this reaction exothermic or endothermic?

Give a reason for your answer.

...........................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................... [1]

06_0620_32_2016_1.12© UCLES 2016

6

The graph shows how the percentage yield of sulfur trioxide changes with temperature whenthe pressure is kept constant.

(c)

100

95

90

85

80

75100 200 300 400

temperature / °C

% yield ofsulfur trioxide

500 600

Describe how the percentage yield of sulfur trioxide changes with temperature.(i)

................................................................................................................................ [1]

Determine the percentage yield of sulfur trioxide when the temperature is 500 ºC.(ii)

................................................................................................................................ [1]

Describe a test for sulfur dioxide.(d)

test ....................................................................................................................................

result ................................................................................................................................. [2]

Give one use of sulfur dioxide.(e)

........................................................................................................................................... [1]

[Turn over06_0620_32_2016_1.12© UCLES 2016

7

Sulfur dioxide reacts with magnesium.

2Mg + SO2 → 2MgO + S

Which substance is reduced in this reaction?

Explain your answer.

(f)

...........................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................... [2]

Sulfur dioxide reacts with water to form sulfurous acid, H2SO3. Sulfurous acid reacts withhydrogen sulfide to form water and sulfur.

Complete the chemical equation for this reaction.

(g)

H2SO3 + 2H2S → .....H2O + 3S

[1]

[Total: 10]

06_0620_32_2016_1.12© UCLES 2016

8

Alkanes, alkenes and alcohols are three different homologous series of organic compounds.4

What is meant by the term homologous series?(a)

...........................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................... [2]

The structures of some alkanes, alkenes and alcohols are shown below.(b)

C

H

F

HH

H

C

H

OH H

H

C

H

G

HH

H

C

H

H

C

H

OH H

H

C

H

H

C

H

H

C

HH

H

HC C

H

H

H

I J K

C

C

H

C C

H

H

H HH

H

H

Which two of these compounds, F, G, H, I, J and K, are saturated hydrocarbons?

Explain your answer.

(i)

................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................ [3]

Which one of these compounds is the main constituent of natural gas?(ii)

................................................................................................................................ [1]

Which two of these compounds are alkenes?(iii)

[2].................................................................and .......................................................

Why are two compounds, I and K, not hydrocarbons?(iv)

................................................................................................................................ [1]

[Turn over06_0620_32_2016_1.12© UCLES 2016

9

The table gives some information about four alcohols.(c)

boiling point/ ºC

densityin g / cm3

molecularformula

alcohol

0.793CH4Omethanol

790.789C2H6O

980.804C3H8Opropanol

1170.810C4H10Obutanol

Give the name of the alcohol with the formula C2H6O.(i)

................................................................................................................................ [1]

A student predicts that the density of the alcohols increases as the number of carbonatoms increases.Does the data in the table support this prediction?

Explain your answer.

(ii)

................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................ [1]

Suggest a value for the boiling point of methanol.(iii)

................................................................................................................................ [1]

06_0620_32_2016_1.12© UCLES 2016

10

The alcohol with the formula C2H6O burns in a limited supply of air to form carbon monoxideand water.

(d)

Complete the chemical equation for this reaction.(i)

C2H6O + 2O2 → .....CO + .....H2O

[2]

State an adverse effect of carbon monoxide on health.(ii)

................................................................................................................................ [1]

[Total: 15]

[Turn over06_0620_32_2016_1.12© UCLES 2016

11

Chlorine, bromine and iodine are halogens.5

The melting point of bromine is –7 ºC. The boiling point of bromine is +59 ºC.

Deduce the state of bromine at +6 ºC. Explain your answer.

(a)

...........................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................... [2]

Complete the word equation for the reaction of chlorine with potassium iodide.

chlorine + potassium iodide → ................................... + .................................. [2]

(i)(b)

Suggest why iodine does not react with aqueous potassium bromide.(ii)

................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................ [1]

The structure of the dye Lithol fast yellow is shown.(c)

C

CC C

O O

C CCl Cl

H HN

HH H

C

H

H

N

H

N

H

O ON

C

CC C

C C

H

Complete the table and calculate the relative molecular mass of Lithol fast yellow.

atomic massnumber of atomstype of atom

13 × 12 = 1561213carbon

10 × 1 = 10110hydrogen

4 × 14 = 56144nitrogen

oxygen

chlorine

relative molecular mass = ........................... [2]

06_0620_32_2016_1.12© UCLES 2016

12

Chromatography is used to separate a mixture of dyes.(d)

Draw a cross on the diagram to show where the mixture of dyes is placed at the startof the chromatography.

(i)

solvent

[1]

Suggest a suitable solvent that could be used.(ii)

................................................................................................................................ [1]

Describe what you would observe as the experiment proceeds.(iii)

................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................ [1]

[Total: 10]

[Turn over06_0620_32_2016_1.12© UCLES 2016

13

Sodium is a metal in Group I of the Periodic Table.6

Describe some physical and chemical properties of sodium. In your answer include(a)

• any observations about the reactions of sodium,

• at least one word equation.

...........................................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................... [5]

The presence of sodium in compounds can be confirmed using a flame test.

Describe how a flame test is carried out and give the result of the test for sodium.

(b)

test ....................................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................................

result ................................................................................................................................. [2]

Aqueous sodium hydroxide is strongly alkaline.(c)

Which one of the following values is the pH of a strongly alkaline solution?

Put a ring around the correct answer.

(i)

pH 13DpH 7CpH 2BpH 1A

[1]

Describe how you could use litmus to show that aqueous sodium hydroxide is alkaline.(ii)

................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................ [2]

06_0620_32_2016_1.12© UCLES 2016

14

Sodium sulfite, Na2SO3, reacts with hydrochloric acid.

Na2SO3(s) + 2HCl(aq) → 2NaCl(aq) + SO2(g) + H2O(l)

Explain why this reaction could have an adverse effect on health if not carried out in a fumecupboard.

(d)

...........................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................... [2]

[Total: 12]

[Turn over06_0620_32_2016_1.12© UCLES 2016

15

When magnesium reacts with hydrochloric acid, the products are aqueous magnesium chlorideand hydrogen.

7

Mg(s) + 2HCl(aq) → MgCl2(aq) + H2(g)

A student used the apparatus shown to follow the progress of this reaction.

dilutehydrochloric acid

magnesium

Complete the diagram by putting the correct labels in the boxes.[2]

(a)

The student conducted two experiments using the samemass of magnesium in each experimentand two different concentrations of hydrochloric acid. The hydrochloric acid was in excess. Allother conditions were kept constant.The student measured the volume of hydrogen produced over a period of time. The graphshows the results.

(b)

504540353025201510

50

0 60 120 180 240time / s

300 360 420 480

volume ofhydrogen/ cm3

0.5 mol / dm3 HCl

1.0 mol / dm3 HCl

06_0620_32_2016_1.12© UCLES 2016

16

Which concentration of hydrochloric acid gave the faster initial rate of reaction?

Use the graph to explain your answer.

(i)

................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................ [1]

Draw a curve on the graph on page 16 to show how the volume of hydrogen wouldchange if a third experiment was carried out using 1.5mol / dm3 hydrochloric acid andthe same mass of magnesium.

[2]

(ii)

Give one use of hydrogen.(c)

........................................................................................................................................... [1]

Explosions have occasionally been reported where tiny particles of metal dust escape into theair.

Explain why metal dust can form an explosive mixture with air.

(d)

...........................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................... [1]

[Total: 7]

[Turn over06_0620_32_2016_1.12© UCLES 2016

17

Solder is an alloy of lead and tin.8

What is the meaning of the term alloy?(a)

........................................................................................................................................... [1]

State the name of another alloy.(b)

........................................................................................................................................... [1]

A student heated a piece of solder carefully.The diagram shows what happens to the solder.

(c)

at the start after 2 minutes

solder solder

iron plate

Use the kinetic particle theory to describe and explain what happens to the solder as it changesstate.

...........................................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................... [4]

When heated above 1744 °C, lead forms a vapour.

Describe a general property of a vapour (gas) which is not shown by a solid.

(d)

........................................................................................................................................... [1]

[Total: 7]

06_0620_32_2016_1.12© UCLES 2016

18

BLANK PAGE

[Turn over06_0620_32_2016_1.12© UCLES 2016

19

Gro

up

The

Perio

dic

Tabl

e of

Ele

men

ts

1 Hhy

drog

en1

2 He

heliu

m4

III

IIIIV

VV

IV

IIV

III

3 Lilit

hium 7

4 Be

bery

llium

9

atom

ic n

umbe

r

atom

ic s

ymbo

l

Key

nam

ere

lativ

e at

omic

mas

s

11 Na

sodi

um23

12 Mg

mag

nesi

um24

19 Kpo

tass

ium

39

20 Ca

calc

ium

40

37 Rb

rubi

dium

85

38 Sr

stro

ntiu

m88

55 Cs

caes

ium

133

56 Ba

bariu

m13

7

87 Frfra

nciu

m–

88 Ra

radi

um –

5 B boro

n11 13 Al

alum

iniu

m27 31 Ga

galli

um70 49 In indi

um11

5

81 Tlth

alliu

m20

4

6 Cca

rbon

12 14 Si

silic

on28 32 Ge

germ

aniu

m73 50 Sn tin 119

82 Pb

lead

207

22 Titit

aniu

m48 40 Zr

zirc

oniu

m91 72 Hf

hafn

ium

178

104

Rf

ruth

erfo

rdiu

m–

23 Vva

nadi

um51 41 Nb

niob

ium

93 73 Tata

ntal

um18

1

105

Db

dubn

ium

24 Cr

chro

miu

m52 42 Mo

mol

ybde

num

96 74 Wtu

ngst

en18

4

106

Sg

seab

orgi

um–

25 Mn

man

gane

se55 43 Tc

tech

netiu

m– 75 Re

rhen

ium

186

107

Bh

bohr

ium

26 Fe iron

56 44 Ru

ruth

eniu

m10

1

76 Os

osm

ium

190

108

Hs

hass

ium

27 Co

coba

lt59 45 Rh

rhod

ium

103

77 Iriri

dium

192

109

Mt

mei

tner

ium

28 Ni

nick

el59 46 Pd

palla

dium

106

78 Pt

plat

inum

195

110

Ds

darm

stad

tium

29 Cu

copp

er64 47 Ag

silv

er10

8

79 Au

gold

197

111

Rg

roen

tgen

ium

30 Zn zinc 65 48 Cd

cadm

ium

112

80 Hg

mer

cury

201

112

Cn

cope

rnic

ium

114 Fl

flero

vium

116

Lvliv

erm

oriu

m–

7 Nni

troge

n14 15 P

phos

phor

us31 33 As

arse

nic

75 51 Sb

antim

ony

122

83 Bi

bism

uth

209

8 Oox

ygen

16 16 S sulfu

r32 34 Se

sele

nium

79 52 Tete

lluriu

m12

8

84 Po

polo

nium

9 Fflu

orin

e19 17 Cl

chlo

rine

35.5

35 Br

brom

ine

80 53 Iio

dine

127

85 At

asta

tine

10 Ne

neon 20 18 Ar

argo

n40 36 Kr

kryp

ton

84 54 Xe

xeno

n13

1

86 Rn

rado

n–

21 Sc

scan

dium

45 39 Yyt

trium 89

57–7

1la

ntha

noid

s

89–1

03ac

tinoi

ds

57 Lala

ntha

num

139

89 Ac

lant

hano

ids

actin

oids

The

volu

me

of o

ne m

ole

of a

ny g

as is

24

dm3 a

t roo

m te

mpe

ratu

re a

nd p

ress

ure

(r.t.p

.)

actin

ium

58 Ce

ceriu

m14

0

90 Th thor

ium

232

59 Pr

pras

eody

miu

m14

1

91 Pa

prot

actin

ium

231

60 Nd

neod

ymiu

m14

4

92 Uur

aniu

m23

8

61 Pm

prom

ethi

um– 93 Np

nept

uniu

m–

62 Sm

sam

ariu

m15

0

94 Pu

plut

oniu

m–

63 Eu

euro

pium

152

95 Am

amer

iciu

m–

64 Gd

gado

liniu

m15

7

96 Cm

curiu

m–

65 Tb terb

ium

159

97 Bk

berk

eliu

m–

66 Dy

dysp

rosi

um16

3

98 Cf

calif

orni

um–

67 Ho

holm

ium

165

99 Es

eins

tein

ium

68 Er

erbi

um16

7

100

Fm ferm

ium

69 Tm thul

ium

169

101

Md

men

dele

vium

70 Yb

ytte

rbiu

m17

3

102

No

nobe

lium

71 Lu lute

tium

175

103 Lr

law

renc

ium

To avoid the issue of disclosure of answer-related information to candidates, all copyright acknowledgements are reproduced online in the Cambridge InternationalExaminations Copyright Acknowledgements Booklet. This is produced for each series of examinations and is freely available to download at www.cie.org.uk afterthe live examination series.

06_0620_32_2016_1.12© UCLES 2016

20