Coco-Ethanol Production of the Hilltop Coco Products Enterprises-updated

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Text of Coco-Ethanol Production of the Hilltop Coco Products Enterprises-updated

I.

INTRODUCTION

Rationale Practicum is prescribed in the Bachelor of

Agricultural Engineering Technology Curriculum, structured to engage in varied individual effective experience for

each student in the communities and organizations in the application of Engineering Technology in Agriculture. This exposes the students on the application of technologies and theories they have learned in the classroom with emphasis on farm mechanization, irrigation and crop processing in order to mold them to be more effective Engineering and globally

competitive

future

Agriculture

Technicians,

trained efficiently in both theoretical and practice knowhow, envisioned to be the future mentors of the farmers.

Importance of the Practicum The field practice/practicum experience attributed a unique opportunity for of students to acquire skills in and

effective

application

agricultural

technologies

develop a professional personality that reflects the values and ethics of the Agricultural Engineering Technology

Profession in preparation for entry level employment and efficient enterprises. technology-based operation of agri-based

Objectives of the Practicum The conduct of the practicum will provide the

practicumers the opportunity to acquire practical knowledge in the field, specifically be able to: 1. Gain practical knowledge on in the application farming of and

agricultural processing; 2. Learn the

technologies

coconut

basics

and

practical

way

of

producing

ethanol from coconut sap and coconut water; 3. Identify problems the skills and by the learnings acquired during and the

encountered

practicumer

conduct of the practicum.

Time and Place of the Practicum The Brgy. practicum was undertaken at Sitio Hibabaongan, It 2012 was or

Washington, from

Catarman December

Northern 2011 to

Samar. February

undertaken

equivalent to 600 working hours, under the supervision of Engr. Jaime P. Gilbunela (owner) the Engr. Lidany F.

Cornillez(Practicum-adviser).

II. HOST PROFILE

Profile and Organizational Setup In response to the Biofuel Act of 2006 requiring the blending of ethanol with gasoline, Department of Science and Technology (DOST 8) through its Provincial S 8 T Center (PSTC) project in Northern Samar initiated of a a community Coco-Nipa based Ethanol

entitled,

Establishment

Pilot Production Plant in Northern Samar with Engr. Jaime P. Gilbuela, PAIE and Associates as the project proponent. The project is presently situated at Sitio Hibabaongan,

Brgy. Washington, Catarman Northern Samar. The Project started in 2009, in cooperation with the office of congressman of Northern Paul Samar R. Daza, the the provincial of

Government Eastern (PCA),

(PGNS),

University

Philippines the Northern

(UEP), Samar

Philippine Coconut

Coconut

Authority Development

Industry

Council (NSCIDC) and with the

financial assistance of DOST

Regional Office No.8 thru its Grant-In-Aid program in the amount of Fifty Thousand Pesos (P50,000). Engr. Jaine P. Gilbuela was able to fabricate a boiler and still units and a blower which is now being used in the production of cocoethanol through distillation process.

Trial Test A preliminary test-run was conducted on February 10, 2010 to test the quality of the locally. Fabricated boiler and still units and to determine possible adjustment or modifications preparatory to the final and formal test-run of the whole production plant. The preliminary test yielded encouraging and promising results. This give way to the launching of the first Coco-Nipa Ethanol Pilot production plant in Northern Samar. The undertaking was attended by the officials and representatives from the Provincial

Government of Northern Samar. The undertaking was attended by the officials and representatives from the Provincial Government of Northern Samar. (PGNS), UEP, PCA, DAR, DTI, DOST-PSTC Northern Samar and the Northern Samar and the Northern Samar Coconut Industry Development Council

(NSCIDC), Non-government organizations business groups and the farmers stake holders as well.

DOST and NSCIDC Inspection On April 21, 2010, the DOST Inspection Committee and IDEA Team conducted an inspection of the facilities and equipment. A test-run was conducted featuring the process

of

coco-nipa

ethanol and

production still units shade

using and house

the

locally

fabricated auxiliaries

boiler

other made

improvised of bamboo,

installed

in

a

indeed a village level undertaking. The ethanol produced were tested for cooking, blowtorch operation, fuel blending (10%) for two stroke engine. The Lambanog a low-proof ethanol by product the also served of as beverage. sample DOST to 8 the

facilitated

submission

product

Industrial Technology Development Institute (ITDI) of DOST at Bicutan, Taguig City, Metro Manila for alcohol content analysis. All tests undertaken during the said activity, also showed encouraging and promising results to warrant

viability of the project both technically and economically. Engr. Gilbuela won the first prize for the Likha Award or outstanding utility model for his Design and

Fabrication of Equipment to produce Bioethanol from coconut sap during and the 2011 DOST-Sponsored held last Regional 22-25 Invention 2011 in

contest

exhibition

August

Tacloban City.

Products The plant: a. Primary Products 1. Coco-nipa ethanol fuel(bioethanol) - Can be blend in gasoline for internal combustion engines and for household cooking. 2. Coco-nipa low proof beverages - Commonly known as lambanog 3. Coco organic vinegar - Widely used in every household for cooking, following are the main products produced by the

preservatives and other production using vinegar. b. Secondary Products The following are the secondary products produced. 1. Perfumes 2. Colognes 3. Sanitizers 4. Energy drinks 5. Wines 6. Solvents 7. Anti-freeze

III. PRACTICUM

PROGRAM OF ACTIVITIES Practicum provides opportunities to go through the

actual methodologies of a specific job using the real tools and equipment and also learn its processing method and

techniques. In effect, the workplace becomes a development venue for a practicumer to learn from school. This practicumer section had narrates through the activities the that the This

gone

during

operation.

also includes observation, participation, and interaction during their operation. Practicum is an important way in which work. The practicum started with an orientation to inform the practicumer about the plants equipment and processing procedure with the owner, Engr. Jaime P. Gilbuela. The students acquire relevant knowledge and skills at

practicumer were permitted initially to observe the entire operation. The next operation, the practicumer were allowed to help the workers. We provided fuel such as wood, coco shell, and husk to be fed on the furnace and put water into the tank through its cooling system.

Time operated

came the

when

the the

practicumer

first The

handled

and

machine;

still/column.

practicumer

learned that the still is the principal part wherein a constant temperature would be maintained during operation. As a routine before operation

Observation The practicumer observed that the brew to be charged should undergone its fermentation before charging observed especially the boiler and the container used. The water on the cooling system should be clean and strained well to avoid dogging in the pipes. The plant advantage is that there is no thrown away on the brew being charged.

Participation The trainee participated in its normal operation of the plant by checking important spots like the furnace, boiler and mostly the thermometer in the still. When

trouble happened to the equipment during the progression will cause a big interruption on the whole process. They participated also in processing its vinegar.

Interaction During interact different friends the training, people. and the He practicumer knows that learned people to have

with

other

characteristics with the

attitudes,

however, wasnt

making make

trainees

co-workers

difficult. Even though he was only a trainee, they didnt treat him like trainee but an equal. As a practicumer, he didnt feel uncomfortable as he worked with them, form the

interaction the practicumer had with the workers and owner of the plant, he learned to work with patience. Although thoroughly working on something was time consuming, the

quality of the output/product is the most important. He also learned his co-workers experiences and mistakes that he can apply whenever he needed them. They also encouraged the practicumer to go on with his studies until he become professional. Although practicumer worked and interact with them, the skills and techniques that they shared with him which cannot be found from books.

SIGNIFICANT LEARNINGS AND INSIGHTS

Insights on Coconut Tree Coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) is a large palm, growing up to 30 meters (98ft) tall, with pinnate leaves 4-6 meters (13-20ft) long, and pinnae 60-90cm long; old leaves break away clearly, leaving the trunk smooth, there dwarf and the b.) tall variety. There are simply dist