2.2. Turkey under pressure from the Turkey under pressure from the USSR for land in the Dardanelles.USSR for land in the Dardanelles.
3.3. Truman: “The U. S. should support free Truman: “The U. S. should support free peoples throughout the world who are peoples throughout the world who are resisting takeovers by armed minorities or resisting takeovers by armed minorities or outside pressures…We must assist free outside pressures…We must assist free peoples to work out their own destinies in peoples to work out their own destinies in their own way.”their own way.”
4.4. The U.S. gave Greece & Turkey The U.S. gave Greece & Turkey $400 million in economic & $400 million in economic & military aid.military aid.
The Arms Race:The Arms Race:A “Missile Gap?”A “Missile Gap?”
} The Soviet The Soviet Union Union exploded its exploded its first A-bomb in first A-bomb in 1949.1949.
} Now there Now there were two were two nuclear nuclear superpowers!superpowers!
• April 1950 report by the National Security Council:
“The U.S. should use military force to ‘contain’ communist expansion anywhere it seemed to be occurring, regardless of the intrinsic strategic or economic value of the lands in question.”
Politicians seeks to “root out subversives” – Ex.: House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) Hearings - 1947
EXCERPTS FROM OFFICIAL SENATE CENSURE OF JOSEPH MCCARTHY
FOLLOWING THE 1954 HEARINGS MCCARHYORGAINZED TO INVESTIGATE ALLEGED
COMMUNIST INFLUENCESIN THE US ARMY
Resolved, That the Senator from Wisconsin, Mr. McCarthy, obstructed the constitutional processes of the Senate, and that this conduct of the Senator from Wisconsin, Mr. McCarthy, is contrary to senatorial traditions and is hereby condemned.
Sec 2. The Senator from Wisconsin, Mr. McCarthy … acted contrary to senatorial ethics and tended to bring the Senate into dishonor and disrepute, to obstruct the constitutional processes of the Senate, and to impair its dignity; and such conduct is hereby condemned.
Unfairly accusing people of disloyaltymade possible by a climate of fear