Cradle to Cradle CertifiedCM Product Standard

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  • Cradle to Cradle CertifiedCM Product Standard Version 3.0

    Prepared by MBDC, LLC 2012

    Cradle to Cradle CertifiedCM Product Standard

    Version 3.0

    Copyright 2012 by McDonough Braungart Design Chemistry, LLC Written in collaboration with Environmental Protection Encouragement Agency, GmbH. No part of this publication is to be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, without prior written permission from The Cradle to Cradle Products Innovation Institute.

  • Cradle to Cradle CertifiedCM Product Standard Version 3.0

    Prepared by MBDC, LLC 2012

    ii

    CONTENTS

    Forward ......................................................................................................................... xx Supporting Documents .............................................................................................. xxi 1 Introduction to Cradle to Cradle ........................................................................... 1 1.1 What is Cradle to Cradle Design? ................................................................................................. 2 1.2 The Cradle to Cradle Principles .................................................................................................... 3 1.3 Complementary Metabolisms .......................................................................................................... 4 1.3.1 Effective Material Cycles .................................................................................................................. 5 2 Overview of the Standard ........................................................................................ 7 2.1 Product Scope ................................................................................................................................... 7 2.2 Standard Categories and Their Scope ............................................................................................ 7 2.3 Certification Levels ........................................................................................................................... 8 2.4 Summary of Standard Requirements .............................................................................................. 9 2.5 Continuous Improvement and Optimization ................................................................................ 14 2.6 Certification Marks .......................................................................................................................... 15 3 Material Health ........................................................................................................ 16 3.1 Generic Material Type and Inputs Subject to Review .................................................................. 16 3.2 Identifying Appropriate Metabolism(s) ......................................................................................... 18 3.3 Determining Absence of Banned List Chemicals ........................................................................ 19 3.3.1 Recycled Content ........................................................................................................................... 23 3.4 Collection of Material Ingredient Data ........................................................................................... 27 3.4.1 Externally Managed Components (EMCs) ..................................................................................... 30 3.4.2 Recycled Content ........................................................................................................................... 31 3.5 Chemical Hazard Profiling & Material Assessments ................................................................... 32 3.5.1 Externally Managed Components (EMCs) ..................................................................................... 38 3.5.2 Recycled Content ........................................................................................................................... 38 3.6 Determining Percentage Assessed ............................................................................................... 42 3.7 Material Optimization Strategy ...................................................................................................... 43 3.8 Determining Absence of CMR Substances .................................................................................. 44 3.9 Volatile Organic Chemcal (VOC) Emissions Testing ................................................................... 45 3.10 Process Chemicals ........................................................................................................................ 46 4 Material Reutilization .............................................................................................. 46 4.1 Material Reutilization Score ........................................................................................................... 47 4.2 Nutrient Management Strategy ...................................................................................................... 49 4.3 Nutrient Cycling .............................................................................................................................. 50 5 Renewable Energy and Carbon Management ...................................................... 51 5.1 Quantifying Purchased Energy Use and Emissions .................................................................... 52 5.2 Renewable Energy and Carbon Management Strategy ............................................................... 54 5.3 Using Renewable Energy and Addressing On-site Emissions ................................................... 55 5.4 Embodied Energy Use .................................................................................................................... 59 5.5 Addressing Embodied Energy Use with Offsets or Other Projects ........................................... 61 6 Water Stewardship ................................................................................................. 62 6.1 Regulatory Compliance for Effluent .............................................................................................. 63

  • Cradle to Cradle CertifiedCM Product Standard Version 3.0

    Prepared by MBDC, LLC 2012

    6.2 Local and Business-Specific Water Issues .................................................................................. 65 6.3 Water Stewardship Intentions ........................................................................................................ 66 6.4 Water Audit ...................................................................................................................................... 66 6.5 Characterizing and Assessing Product-related Process Chemicals in Effluent ....................... 68 6.6 Supply Chain Water Issues and Strategy ..................................................................................... 69 6.7 Optimizing Process-related Chemicals in Effluent ...................................................................... 70 6.8 Addressing Supply Chain Water Issues ....................................................................................... 70 6.9 Drinking Water Quality ................................................................................................................... 71 7 Social Fairness ....................................................................................................... 72 7.1 Streamlined Self-Audit .................................................................................................................... 73 7.2 Management Procedures to Address High Risk Issues and Opportunities .............................. 74 7.3 Full Self-Audit .................................................................................................................................. 76 7.4 Material-specific or Issue-specific Audit ...................................................................................... 76 7.5 Supply Chain Social Issues and Impact Strategy ........................................................................ 77 7.6 Innovative Social Project ................................................................................................................ 78 7.7 Facility Level Third Party Audit ..................................................................................................... 79 8 Continuous Improvement and Optimization ........................................................ 80 9 Site Visit of Production Facility ............................................................................. 81 10 Certification Disclaimer ......................................................................................... 83 11 References .............................................................................................................. 84 12 Data and Information Sources .............................................................................. 85 Appendix: Banned Lists of Chemicals ....................................................................... 89

  • Cradle to Cradle CertifiedCM Product Standard Version 3.0

    Prepared by MBDC, LLC 2012

    Cradle to Cradle and C2C are trademarks of MBDC, LLC iv

    LIST OF FIGURES Figure 1 Depiction of Biological and Technological Nutrient Cycles ............................................................ 5 Figure 2 Continuous Improvement Chart ................................................................................................... 15 Figure 3 Cradle to Cradle Certification Marks .......................................................................................... 15 Figure 4 Summary of the Material Heal