Developing Student Vocabulary : Fun Ways to Learn Words

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Developing Student Vocabulary : Fun Ways to Learn Words. Katie Bain k Objective. Participants will learn , interact with , and apply new ways of learning and teaching English vocabulary . . - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Developing Student Vocabulary:Fun Ways to Learn WordsKatie

ObjectiveParticipants will learn, interact with, and apply new ways of learning and teaching English vocabulary. Vocabulary Cartoons

How do you teach vocabulary?

What are the challenges for teaching vocabulary?

Challenge 1: The large number of wordsThe number of words that students need to know. To function in English, students need8,000 9,000 word families for reading!5,000 7,000 word families for speaking/listening!

Example of Word Family:stimulatestimulatedstimulatesstimulationStimulative

(Folse, 2008)Challenge 2:Depth of Knowledge NeededStudents must know a lot about a word in order to understand it well and use it correctly. What is involved in knowing a word?FormMeaning Use(Folse, 2008)Five Types of Vocabulary LearningSingle WordsSet PhrasesVariable PhrasesPhrasal VerbsIdiomatic Expressions(Folse, 2008)Single WordsSingle words express one single concept.

roomliving roombedroom

Learners need to know 2,000 to maintain a conversation. Learners need to know 3,000 single word families to read authentic texts. (Folse, 2008)Set PhrasesSet phrases consist of more than one word and cannot be changed at all.

Example: On the other handNOT

On the other handsOn the other fingers(Folse, 2008)Variable PhrasesIn Variable Phrases, most of the phrase stays the same, but some parts may change.

Examples:It has come to our attention.It has come to my attention.(Folse, 2008)Phrasal VerbsPhrasal Verb = verb + particle

putuptakedowncomeonmakeupgoawaygetover(Folse, 2008)Idioms(Idiomatic Expressions)In an idiom, the meaning of the whole phrase is different than the meaning of the individual words

Example:Who let the cat out of the bag?


Who told the secret?

(Folse, 2008)Multiple Meanings(Polysemy)Hammer (noun or verb?)

Tablefurnitureset of numbersaction of stopping conversationdescription (table cloth)

(Folse, 2008)ConnotationPositive

NeutralNegative purebred


pass awaydiekick the bucket

(Folse, 2008)Part of Speechnoun amazementverb to amazeadjective amazingadverb - amazingly

(Folse, 2008)FrequencyusualcommonSmith is a common last name.

discardthrow away* Im going to discard my old books.(Folse, 2008)

Collocationco = togethertogether + locationCollocation has to do with a word or phrase that naturally or frequently occurs near another word in context. murder, suicide, fraud, grand larceny

(Folse, 2008)So what do we do?Successful vocabulary activities help students to Focus on the vocabularyExperience the words many timesDevelop good learning strategies

(Folse, 2008)Goal 1: Focus on the VocabularyHow do we make students NOTICE words? write them on the boardkeep a section of the board or chart paper for vocabularyword wallsStudents mark key vocabulary(Folse, 2008)

Goal #2: Experience the Word Many Times Students have to see, hear, and use a word multiple times to understand and know it well.matchingwritingspellingnaming/identifyingwriting it in a sentence

(Folse, 2008)Goal #3: Develop Successful Vocabulary Learning StrategiesTeachers show students many different ways to acquire and memorize vocabulary. Students eventually pick and choose what works best for them. (Folse, 2008)Activities and IdeasKeep a running list of wordsVocabulary CardsRanking Vocabulary ItemsScrambled vocabulary envelopesWord Sorts (Lexical Sets)DialoguesWhats missingEraseSmackListen and Draw(Folse, 2008) (Schindler, 2006)#1: Keep a Running List of Words

(Folse, 2008) (Schindler, 2006)#2: Vocabulary Cards

(Folse, 2008) (Schindler, 2006)#3: Ranking Vocabulary Items

(Folse, 2008) (Schindler, 2006)#4: Scrambled Vocabulary Envelopes

(Folse, 2008) (Schindler, 2006)#5: Word Sorts(Lexical Sets)

(Folse, 2008) (Schindler, 2006)#6: Dialogues

(Folse, 2008) (Schindler, 2006)#7: Whats Missing?

(Folse, 2008) (Schindler, 2006)#8: Erase!

(Folse, 2008) (Schindler, 2006)#9: Smack!

(Folse, 2008) (Schindler, 2006)#10: Listen and Draw

(Folse, 2008) (Schindler, 2006)SourcesFolse, Keith S. "Myths about Teaching and Learning Second Language Vocabulary: What Recent Research Says."TESL Reporter. 37.2 (2004): 1-13. Web. 14 May. 2013. .Folse, Keith. "Six vocabulary activities for the English language classroom." English Teaching Forum. 1.3 (2008): n. page. Web. 15 May. 2013. "Lexical Profiler."Compleat Lexical Tutor: VocabProfile. N.p.. Web. 14 May 2013. .Nan, Yao, and Zuo Mingfang. "Using VOA Special English To Improve Advanced English Learners Productive Use of High Frequency Words."English Teaching Forum. 1.3 (2009): 26-37. Web. 14 May. 2013.Ryan, Katie. "Activating Vocabulary: Creating a Way With Words." Shaping the Way We Teach English Webinar Series. U.S. Department of State. Washington, DC. 17 Oct 2012. Lecture.Schindler, Andrea. "Channelling Children's Enercy Through Vocabulary Activities."English Teaching Forum. 1.2 (2006): 8-12. Web. 14 May. 2013. Schmitt, Norbert. "Review article Instructed second language vocabulary learning."Language Teaching Research. 12.3 (2008): 329363. Web. 14 May. 2013. .Schmitt, Norbert. "Six vocabulary Activities for the English Language Classroom."English Teaching Forum. 1.3 (2008): 12-21. Web. 14 May. 2013.THANK YOU!Katie


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