Does Accessibility Matter? Introduction to issues of accessible web and technology design Teaching and Technology Trends Symposium October 20, 2006 Sharron

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<ul><li><p>Does Accessibility Matter?Introduction to issues ofaccessible web and technology design</p><p>Teaching and Technology Trends SymposiumOctober 20, 2006 Sharron Rush &amp; Glenda Sims 2001-2003 Knowbility, Inc. All rights reserved</p></li><li><p>ObjectivesIntroduce accessibility terms / history / lawsUnderstand the need for universal designExperience the problem of access barriersAnswer your questionsProvide resources for further exploration</p></li><li><p>Accessibility terms </p></li><li><p>what is accessibility?When all users - regardless of disability - can obtain the same information and perform the same functions.</p></li><li><p>why is accessibility important?More than 50 million Americans have disabilities.750 million worldwide Numbers increasing as population ages.$1 trillion in aggregate annual income.Emerging best business practices.Government and institutional mandates.</p></li><li><p>For most people technology makes things easier. For people with disabilities, technology makes things possible. Presidents Council on Disabilities</p><p>Because of technology, our society has the unprecedented potential to include children and adults with disabilities in independent living options. </p><p>We can not ignore the human cost of failing to realize that potential. </p></li><li><p>Accessibility HistoryWho cares about accessibility? .more people every day. </p></li><li><p>Accessibility in law and policyIn the US:Americans with Disabilities Act and othersThe Rehabilitation Act Section 504, Section 508States: Example -Texas Administrative Code Title 1, Chapter 206, Subchapter B State Web SitesInstitutions: Example - University of Texas Guidelines InternationallyWeb Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG)Equivalent laws in Europe, Japan, Australia, others</p></li><li><p>Brief Look at</p><p>Developed by consensual process Comprehensive: Includes over 60 checkpoints Widely accepted: European Union, Canada, Australia have adopted WCAG. Three levels of compliance declaration Priority 1 (Meets minimum goals) Priority 2 Priority 3 (Most accessible)</p></li><li><p>Brief Look at Section</p><p>Legally applies only to federal agencies: Shorter: 508 has 16 checkpoints, WCAG over 60 Experience: 508 based on WCAGs most critical accessibility checkpoints. Measurable: 508 standards developed to be objective and measurable. </p></li><li><p>States also developing standardsNew York, California, Florida,Texas, Michigan, others.Texas Administrative Code, managed by Department of Information Resources Chapter 206 State Web SitesTexas House Bill 2819Often inadequate measures of enforcement and/or support for adopted standards.</p></li><li><p>Butis the Web a public place?So far, no definitive court ruling. Some indicate YESNFB vs AOLNew York State vs. PricelineSome not so clearSouthwest AirlinesSome in progressTargetDont wait for law suit ! </p></li><li><p>Accessibility in Higher EducationUniversities, colleges, community colleges, schoolsMay be affected by state regulationEnforcement is difficultGuided by policy</p></li><li><p>Accessibility in Community CollegesResearch at Cornell University on Accessibility of Community College Web Sites June 2006 Sharon Trerise</p></li><li><p>Creating a culture of accessibility @ UT </p></li><li><p>UT Austins Experience2000-PresentLeader: Accessibility EvangelistProactive Review: Manual and/or WebXMResources: Hands-on Accessibility TrainingHelp:1-on-1 Accessibility ConsultingGuidelines: Accessibility PolicyCompetition: Accessibility Internet Rally</p></li><li><p>the need for Universal Design</p></li><li><p>devices must work togetherstandard hardware meets AT requirementsadherence to same standards of design and interoperability make accessibility possiblecompatibility</p></li><li><p>Assistive TechnologyANY device that allows someone with a disability to perform daily tasks.May beLow tech (pencil grip, slant board, cane)Mid-tech (motorized wheelchair, scooters)High-tech (computer based technologies)Appropriate AT depends on task, environment, and individual need</p></li><li><p>web assistive technologyAlternative Keyboard, Alternative Mouse, Slo-Mo Software, Refreshable Braille Display, Screen Magnifier, Screen Reader Examples of Screen Magnifiers/Screen Readers:Zoom Text by AI Squared - screen magnifying software that makes computers accessible/friendly to low-vision users. www.aisquared.comJAWS by Freedom Scientific popular screen reading software. Uses internal speech synthesizer and computers sound card to read info from computer screen aloud. www.freedomscientific.comHome Page Reader by IBM a web access tool for blind and low vision users.</p></li><li><p>what kind of disability is affected?Visual blind, low vision, color blind Motor/Physical Auditory Cognitive/Learning</p></li><li><p> VisualIssuesGraphicsColorIconsPoint and clickAT solutionsScreenreadersMagnificationKeyboard accessVoice inputBraille output</p></li><li><p> Motor/PhysicalPotential IssuesMay not use mouseMay not use key combinationsTimed response</p><p>AT solutionsTrack BallsModified keyboardsVoice inputSticky keys</p></li><li><p> Auditory - Deaf and hard of hearingIssuesMusicAuditory cuesAudio tracksWebcastsAT solutionsAugmentive listeningText transcriptsVisual cues</p></li><li><p> Cognitive / LearningPotential Issues Learning modes Timed response Attention span othersAT solutions Multi-modes of access AT combinations user control </p></li><li><p>your turn..What assistive devices are in common use, designed for people with disabilities but used by much wider audiences everyday? wheelchair ramps / curb cuts automatic door opener closed captioning others?</p></li><li><p> Quasi-DisabilitiesThese conditions create experience similar to that of users with disabilities: Slow Internet ConnectionOld BrowserMissing Plug-insNo SpeakersSmall DisplayEyes Busy / Hands BusyNoisy EnvironmentAccess</p></li><li><p>navigate the web with a screen reader</p></li><li><p>Universal Accessibilitysupports all peoplesupports all technologygenerally makes site better for allrelationship to usabilitysearch engine optimizationavoid a separate text-only versionWeb for Everyone. Web on Everything.- </p></li><li><p>Resources for further study</p><p> Contact Knowbility for accessibility training classes offered monthly knowbility.org512 305-0310 </p></li><li><p>wrap-upWhat Questions Do You Have?</p><p>T H A N K S ! !For your interest in accessibility </p><p>Glenda Sims Sharron Srush@knowbility.org512.305.0310</p></li></ul>


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