Early Christian and Byzantine - Joslyn Art Christian and...1 Joslyn Art Museum SURVEY OF WESTERN ART HISTORY I Early Christian and Byzantine Art mystery cult syncretism orant / orant figure catacombs typology

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    Joslyn Art Museum SURVEY OF WESTERN ART HISTORY I Early Christian and Byzantine Art

    mystery cultsyncretismorant / orant figurecatacombstypology / typological prefigurationschismmartyriumaltarcrucifixapsetransubstantiationtriumphal archtriumphal crossgabled rooftranseptcruciformtesseraemosaic

    ambulatoryniche / blind nichelunettegallerychoirminaretpendentivesquinchscreen wallscodexfoliosiconiconiciconoclasticonophilesign / symbolGreek crossrelicdeesis

    Arch of Constantine, Rome

    313 AD

    Marble

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    Dura Europos synagogue in Syria

    c. 245

    Tempera on plaster

    Moses Giving Water to the Tweleve Tribes of Israel

    Dura Europossynagogue

    c. 245

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    Christ as the Good Shepherd

    Catacomb of Priscilla, Rome

    Early Christian, 2nd-3rd century

    Fresco

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    Early Christian sarcophagus

    Santa maria Antiqua, Rome

    4th century

    marble

    Reconstruction diagram and plan of Old Saint Peters basilica, Rome

    333-390

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    Roman Forum

    Christus-Sol, from the Christian Mausoleum of the Julii under Saint Peters

    Mid 3rd century

    Vault mosaic

    St. Paul outside the Walls, Rome

    Begun 385

    Restored after a fire in 1823

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    Interior of the martyrium of Santa Costanza, Rome

    Early Christian, c. 350

    Ambulatory ceiling of Santa Costanza, Rome

    Early Christian, c. 350

    Mosaic

    Galla Placidia, Ravenna,

    c. 425-426

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    Interior of the mausoleum of GallaPlacidia showing niche with two apostles and the Saint Lawrence mosaic, Ravenna

    c. 425-426

    Christ as the Good Shepherd, the mausoleum of Galla Placidia, Ravenna

    c. 425-426

    Mosaic

    Geometric border from the mausoleum of Galla Placidia, Ravenna

    c. 425-426

    mosaic

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    Exterior of San Vitale, Ravenna

    540-547

    Plan of San Vitale, Ravenna

    540-547

    Interior of San Vitale looking east toward the apse, Ravenna

    540-547

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    Choir ceiling, San Vitale, Ravenna

    c. 547

    Mosaic

    Section of San Vitale, Ravenna

    Apse mosaic, San Vitale, Ravenna

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    Detail of a capital, San Vitale, Ravenna,

    Byzantine, c. 540

    Marble

    Court of Justinian

    Apse mosaic, San Vitale, Ravenna

    Byzantine, c. 547

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    Detail, Court of Justinian

    Apse mosaic, San Vitale, Ravenna

    c. 547

    Court of Theodora, apse mosaic, San Vitale, Ravenna

    c. 547

    Detail, Court of Theodora

    San Vitale, Ravenna

    Byzantine, c. 547

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    Hagia Sophia, Constantinople (now Istanbul)

    Completed 537

    Section of Hagia Sophia

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    Plan of Hagia Sophia

    Interior of Hagia Sophia, Constantinople

    Conversion to a mosque after 1453 Turkish invasion

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    The Transfiguration

    Church of Saint Catherines monastery. Mount Sinai, Egypt,

    Byzantine, c. 550-565

    Mosaic

    Joseph and Potiphars Wife (left), and Joseph Interpreting Dreams in Prison (right), from the Vienna Genesis

    Early 6th century

    Illuminated manuscript

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    Virgin and Child Enthroned with Saints Felix and Augustus, from the Commodilla Catacomb, Rome

    528

    Fresco

    Saint Peter from the Church of Saint Catherines monastery, Mount Sinai, Egypt

    6th or 7th century

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    Monastery churches of Hosios Loukas, Greece

    c. 1020

    Virgin and Child Enthroned, Katholikon, Hosios Loukas, Greece

    c. 1020

    Apse mosaic

    Crucifixion, Katholikon, Hosios Loukas, Greece

    c. 1020

    Mosaic

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    Harrowing of Hell, Katholikon, HosiosLoukas, Greece

    c. 1020

    Mosaic

    Central dome and apse, Katholikon, Hosios Loukas, Greece

    c. 1020

    Pantokrator, from the abbey church of Monreale, Palermo, Italy

    Before 1183

    Mosaic

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    Christ, detail of a desis mosaic,

    Hagia Sophia, Constantinople

    13th century

    Incense burner in the shape of a domed building

    12th century

    Gilded silver

    Barma and Postnik

    Saint Basils Cathedral, Moscow

    1554-1560

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    Andrei Rublev

    Old Testament Trinity

    Early 15th century

    Panel painting

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