Elements of Fiction ~ Literary Terms Literary Terms & Devices

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Text of Elements of Fiction ~ Literary Terms Literary Terms & Devices

  • Elements of Fiction~ Literary Terms & Devices

  • SettingThe where and when of a narrativephysicalpsychological

  • Point of View (PoV)2nd Person3rd Person1st PersonObjective (Camera View)OmniscientLimited OmniscientHe, She, ityou

  • Protagonist

  • Antagonist

  • Stereotype

  • Foil

  • PlotThe plan or storyline of a narrative (play, novel, short story, film, etc.)

  • SubplotThe minor or secondary plot of a narrative. It often runs parallel to the development of the main plot and often mirrors the main plot.

  • Exposition

  • Rising actionSuspense

  • ClimaxThe turning point in a narrative. Point of highest emotion.

  • Anti-ClimaxA weak or disappointing conclusion

  • Falling actionConflict begins to get resolved.

  • Denouement / resolutionThe outcome or solution of the plot

  • ConflictCharacter vs.CharacterFate, destiny, godSupernatural, unknownNatureSocietySelf

  • ThemeUniversal topic about life

  • Moral

  • MotifReoccurring color, saying, song, topic, action, object, etc

  • Tone

  • Mood

  • Symbol

  • CharacterizationThe development or creation of characters in a narrativeA dynamic character undergoes a fundamental change

    * Whereas a static character remains the same

  • CharacterizationThe development or creation of characters in a narrativeA dynamic character undergoes a fundamental change

    * Whereas a static character remains the same

  • IronyVerbalThe twisting or foiling of expectationsDramaticSituational

  • ImageryFigurative Language

  • simileOften uses like, as, similar to, as if, & resembles

  • MetaphorOften uses is, was

  • personificationanthropomorphism

  • hyperbole

  • ForeshadowingAn indication or hint of things yet to occur in the plot

  • Flashback

  • onomatopoeia

  • punA bicycle can't stand aloneMercutio--"Nay, gentleRomeo, we must have you dance."Romeo--"Not I, believe me. You have dancing shoes / With nimble soles; I have a soul of lead"(I iv 13-5)because it is two-tired.

  • paradox

  • OxymoronOxy = sharpMoron = dull

    open secretlarger halfclearly confusedact naturallyalone togetherHell's Angelsfound missingliquid gascivil engineerdeafening silenceseriously funnyliving deadMicrosoft Worksmilitary intelligencejumbo shrimpAdvanced BASICtragic comedyunbiased opinionvirtual realitydefinite maybeoriginal copiespretty uglysame differenceplastic glassesalmost exactlyconstant variableeven oddsminor crisisextinct lifegenuine imitationexact estimateonly choicefreezer burnworking holidayrolling stop

  • Allusion"the city that never sleeps" draws upon the ready stock of ideas or emotion already associated with a topic in a relatively short space. Were not in Kansas any more.KOBE!

  • Alliteration"Bitsy Big-Boy Boomeroo" in Dr. Seuss's The Butter Battle Book. assonance

  • Fin

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