of 33 /33
ENGINEER PLATOON GUNNERY 1

ENGINEER PLATOON GUNNERY 1. TERMINAL LEARNING OBJECTIVE: DEFINE THE PLANNING, EXECUTION AND EVALUATION CRITERIA FOR ENGINEER ADVANCED GUNNERY. CONDITIONS:

Embed Size (px)

Text of ENGINEER PLATOON GUNNERY 1. TERMINAL LEARNING OBJECTIVE: DEFINE THE PLANNING, EXECUTION AND...

  • ENGINEER PLATOONGUNNERY1

  • TERMINAL LEARNING OBJECTIVE: DEFINE THE PLANNING, EXECUTION AND EVALUATION CRITERIA FOR ENGINEER ADVANCED GUNNERY.

    CONDITIONS: IN A CLASSROOM ENVIRONMENT, GIVEN WRITING PAPER, PENCIL, FM 3-22.1, ARTEP 5-145 DRILL, AND TC 5-150.

    STANDARDS: THE ENGINEER STUDENT MUST DEMONSTRATE THE ABILITY TO DEFINE THE PLANNING, EXECUTION AND EVALUATION CRITERIA FOR ENGINEER ADVANCED GUNNERY TABLES BY OBTAINING 80% ON A WRITTEN EXAMINATION.2

  • SAFETY REQUIREMENTS: NONE

    RISK ASSESMENT LEVEL: LOW

    ENVIRONMENTAL CONSIDERATIONS: NONE

    EVALUATION: UPON COMPLETION OF THIS LESSON YOULL BE EVALUATED WITH A WRITTEN EXAMINATION IAW FM 3-22.1. YOU MUST RECEIVE A MINIMUM OF 80% TO RECEIVE A GO.

    LEAD-IN: DURING THE LAST LESSON, YOU WHERE TAUGHT ABOUT INFANTRY PLATTON GUNNERY. DURING THIS LESSON, YOULL LEARN ABOUT ENGINEER PLATOON GUNNERY.3

  • ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVE AACTION: IDENTIFY THE ENGINEER PLATOON TRAINING PROGRAM

    CONDITIONS: IN A CLASSROOM ENVIRONMENT, GIVEN WRITING PAPER, PENCIL AND FM 3-22.1

    STANDARDS: THE STUDENT MUST GAIN THE KNOWLEDGE TO IDENTIFY THE ENGINEER PLATOON TRAINING PROGRAM.4

  • ENGINEER PLATOON TRAINING PROGRAMTHE COMMANDER DEVELOPS HIS TRAINING PROGRAM AFTER ASSESSING THE UNITS STRENGTHS AND WEAKNESSES. THE RESULT MUST REFLECT CREW AND PLATOON TURBULENCE, SUPPORT THE UNITS METL, SUSTAIN STRENGTHS, AND CORRECT WEAKNESSES. ANY EBFV-EQUIPPED UNIT CAN ADABT THIS PROGRAM FOR ITS TRAINING REQUIREMENTS. THE STRATEGY PROGRESSES LOGICALLY, INTEGRATING SEPARATE CREW AND SQUAD TRAINING IN TO PLATOON LEVEL TRAINING. ( CRAWL, WALK, RUN) FIGURE 12-1 SHOW THE ENGINEER PLATOON TRAINING PROGRAM5

  • 6

    PLATOON GUNNERY

    BT XII, Plt Qual

    BT XI

    ENGINEER SQUAD

    PLATOON

    PRELIMINARY GUNNERY

    TOW Training

    BGST *

    Training and Testing

    Gun Lay and Tracking

    Driver Training

    PMCS Hull and Turret

    Classroom Subjects

    * Prerequisite training event.

    BRADLEY CREWS

    MOVEMENT TRAINING

    Individual and Buddy Team

    Fire Team and Squad

    ARTEP LFXs

    Squad LFXs *

    CREW GUNNERY

    BT VIII *

    BT VIVII *

    BT V

    SECTION and PLT

    DEVICE GUNNERY

    BT IV *

    BT III

    BATTLE DRILLS

    Mounted

    Dismounted

    CREW DEVICE GUNNERY

    BT II *

    BT I

    ARTEP STXs

    PLT Drills in STX

    SQD Drills in STX

    ENGINEER QUALIFICATION TABLES (EQT)

    EQT I and Individual Weapons Qual

    EQT II and LDR Mine and Demo Qual

    EQT III and IV; IND Mine and Demo;

    and Cert and Qual

    EQT V and React to Contact

    EQT VI-VIII and Preliminary Tng Course,

    SQD Cert and Qual

    CREW DRILLS

    PRELIMINARY (CRAWL)

    DEVICE (WALK)

    LIVE FIRE (RUN)

  • ENABLING LEARNING OBLECTIVE BACTION: IDENTIFY THE EXERCISE DEVELOPMENT CRITERIA AND REQUIREMENTS.

    CONDITIONS: IN A CLASSROOM ENVIRONMENT, GIVEN WRITING PAPER, PENCIL AND FM 3-22.1.

    STANDARDS: THE STUDENT MUST GAIN THE KNOWLEDGE TO IDENTIFY THE EXERCISE DEVELOPMENT CRITERIA AND REQUIREMENTS.7

  • EXERCISE DEVELOPMENT

    ALL ENGINEER PLATOONS MUST BE ABLE TO INTEGRATE THE EBFV WHILE PERFORMING MOBILITY, COUNTERMOBILITY, AND SURVIVABILITY MISSIONS. THESE MISSIONS CONSIST OF INDIVIDUAL AND COLLECTIVE TASKS PERFORMED AT THE PLATOON LEVEL. THE MTP AND PLATOON GUNNERY TABLES, ALLOW COMMANDERS THE FLEXABILITY TO TAILOR ALL TACTICAL AND GUNNERY TASKS TO THEIR PARTICULAR METL AND TRAINING EMPHASIS. FM 3-22.1 (CH. 8), ARTEP 5-145 DRILL, AND TC 5-150 OUTLINE THE ENGINEER PLATOONS EVALUATION PROCEDURES AND STANDARDS. THE FOLLOWING GUIDELINES APPLY TO BOTH THE EBFV PLATOON PRACTICE AND QUALIFICATION TABLES.

    8

  • GENERAL REQUIREMENTSTHE EBFV PLATOON PRACTICE IS A BUILDING BLOCK FOR EBFV PLATOON QUALIFICATION:AMMUNITION CONSTRAINTS MIGHT KEEP PLATOON FROM FIRING FULL CALIBER AMMUNITION DURING TABLE XI. UNITS MUST USE TRAINING DEVICES AND SIMULATERS TO FILL THE VOID ( PGS, MILES, CCTT). WHEN A PLATTON QUALIFYS THEY MUST FOLLOW THE GUIDELINES AND STANDARDS IN THE APPROPRIATE MANUALS AND MTPS.2. THE BATTALION COMMANDER AND S3 SELECT THE MTP MISSIONS. THEY ALSO DEVELOP A SCENARIO THAT IS TACTICALLY SOUND, SUPPORTS THE RANGE LAYOUT AND THEIR UNITS METL.

    3. THE S3 PICKS COLLECTIVE TASKS BASED ON UNITS OPERATIONAL MISSION AND MTP.9

  • 4. THE S3 AND BATTALION MASTER GUNNER:- DETERMINE WHICH COLLECTIVE TASKS THE PLATOON WILL FIRE LIVE.- DEVELOP SCENARIOS THAT ENABLE THE PLATOON TO CONDUCT TACTICAL MISSIONS WHILE ACCOMPLISHINGTHE IDENTIFIED COLLECTIVE TASKS.CONDUCT THE PLATOON GUNNERY TABLES IN TWO PHASES ONEDURING THE DAY AND ONE AT NIGHT.

    10

  • 6. THE S3, S2 AND BATTALION MASTER GUNNER SELECT VEHICLE AND TROOP TARGET ARRAYS THAT REPRESENT A REALISTIC SCENARIO. - IDENTIFY SPECIFIC THREAT TARGET TYPES, ENGAGEMENT DISTANCES, AND RANGE BANDS.- SPECIFY MOST AND LEAST DANGEROUS TARGETS BASED ON THREAT TEMPLATE AND ANALYSIS.7. THE BATTALION STAFF DEVELOPS AN OPORD TO SUPPORT EXECUTION, WHICH FORCES EBFV PLATOONS TO USE ALLORGANIC AND ATTACHED EQUIPMENT AND WEAPON SYSTEMS.8. BATTALION MASTER GUNNER ASSEMBLIES ALL PLATOON EVALUATION PACKETS WITH APPROPRIATE T&EOS AND GUNNERY SUMMARY SHEETS. HE ARRANGES THE T&EOS IN THE OCS PACKETS IN COLLECTIVE TASK ORDER.9. LTIDS ALLOW FOR MILES OR PGS REPLICATION OT TOW, JAVELIN, AND DRAGON FIRE. MILES OR A 9-MM SUBCALIBER DEVICE CAN REPLICATE AT4 FIRE.11

  • LIVE-FIRE REQUIREMENTS LIVE-FIRE AND COLLECTIVE TASKS ARE CONDUCTED ON THE RANGE COMPLEX THAT PROVIDES THE BEST AVAILABLE TARGETRY AND MANEUVER AREA.PLATOON PRACTICE AND QUALIFICATION CAN OCCUR ON THE SAME RANGE, BUT TARGET SCENARIOS DIFFER THEY MUST EXPOSE ALL TARGETS WITHIN A PARTICULAR BAND SIMULTANEOUSLY. THIS FORCES THE FIRING EBFV PLATOON TO CONTROL AND DISTRIBUTE FIRE PROPERLY AT EVERY LEVEL. FOR EACH FIRING SECTION WITH THE PLATOON, UP TO THREE VEHICLE OR TROOP TARGETS ARE PRESENTED AT ONE TIME. FOR EACH FIRING PLATOON, ONE DISMOUNTED SQUAD OR UP TO TWO RPG TEAMS ARE PRESENTED AT ONE TIME.TO PREVENT MULTIPLE KILLS, THE COMPUTER MUST ADDRESS EACH IRET TARGET(S) SEPARATELY.

    12

  • LIVE-FIRE REQUIREMENTS CONTIUNED3. DURING THE PLATOON QUALIFICATION TABLE, EACH DISMOUNTED AND MOUTED ELEMENT FIRES AT LEAST TWO NBC ENGAGEMENTSONE DAY AND ONE NIGHT. BOTH ELEMENTS MAY FIRE DURINGTHE SAME ENGAGEMENT. COMMANDERS MAY INCREASE THE NUMBER OF NBC TASKS, DURING WHICH THE FIRING PLATOON ASSUMES MOPP4 DURING ALL NBC TASKS. 4. SIMULATED OR LIVE INDIRECT-FIRE SUPPORT MAY BE INCORPORATED INTO THE SCENARIO TO ENHANCE REALISM. INDIRECT FIRE SUPPORT TARGETS ARE ADDITIONAL TARGETS THAT ARE DETERMINED ON THE THREAT TEMPLATE AND ARE NOT PART OF THE DIRECT FIRE TEMPLATE. IF MORTARS ARE USED FOR ILLUMINATION, AND THE TASK IS EVALUATED ACCORDING TO THE MTP, THEN THE FIRING ELEMENT RECIEVES CREDIT FOR USING FIRE SUPPORT.

    13

  • SCENARIO DEVELOPMENT REQUIREMENTSEVALUATORS AND RANGE PERSONNEL CAN USE PYROTECHNICS AND SIMULATORS TO SIMULATE TARGET AFFECTS AND TO CUE CERTAIN EVENTS.TARGET PRESENTATION SHOULD ENFORCE FIRE DISTROBUTION AND CONTROL AT THE TEAM, SQUAD, SECTION, OR PLATOON LEVEL. IT SHOULD ALSO TRIGGER CERTAIN EVENTS.THE SCENARIO SHOULD INCLUDE COMBAT SUPPORT (CS) AND COMBAT SERVICE SUPPORT (CSS), TASKS LIKE RESUPPLY OR REFUEL ON THE MOVE (ROM).VEHICLES AND SOLDIERS SHOULD HAVE THE SPECIFIC MILES COMPONENTS THAT DO NOT INTERFERE WITH LIVE FIRE ENGAGEMENTS. USING MILES ALLOWS EVALUATORS TO RAPIDILY ASSESS PERSONEL AND VEHICLE CASUALTIES. IT ALLOWS EBFV PLATOONS TO INCORPORATE PERSONNEL AND VEHICLE EVACUATION PROCEDURES INTO COLLECTIVE TASKS AND LIVE FIRE TASKS.14

  • SCENARIO DEVELOPMENT CONTINUED4. EACH SOLDIER RECEIVES A MILES CASUALITY CARD. USING THESE ALLOWS EVALUATORS TO ASSESS CASUALITIES DURING ALL COLLECTIVE AND LIVE FIRE TASKS. HOWEVER VEHICLE COMMANDERS, GUNNERS, AND DRIVERS WILL RECEIVE RETURN-TO-DUTY (RTD) CARDS, FOR VEHICLE SAFETY.5. EACH PLATOON EVALUATOR NEEDS A COPY OF UNITS SOP TO IMPLEMENT DURING THE EVALUATION.6. THE FIRING PLATOONS COMPANY COMMANDER SHOULD FOLLOW THE PLATOON FOR COMMAND AND CONTROL PURPOSES. HE CAN ENHANCE TACTICAL SCENARIO BY SIMULATING RADIO TRAFFIC, TO INCLUDE ISSUING INSTRUCTIONS AND FRAGOS AND RECEIVING REPORTS FROM THE PLATOON.7. TARGET PRESENTATION IS BASED ON THE PLATOONS TACTICAL EMPLOYMENT. THE PLATOON SHOULD REACT TO AND NOT ANTICIPATE TARGET PRESENTATION.15

  • TARGETRY REQUIREMENTSUNITS CONSTRUCT ALL TARGETS IAW TC 25-81. CHAPTER 8 IN FM 3-22.1 DISCUSSES TARGETRY REQUIREMENTS, INCLUDING 25MM TARGETRY AND COAX AREA AND POINT TARGETRY.MINIMUM TARGET REQUIREMENTS BY TARGET TYPE FOR EBFV PLATOON TACTICAL TABLE ARE:AP POINT12HE AREA1HE POINT9COAX AREA12COAX POINT8INFANTRY TARGETS50TOW OR JAVELIN116

  • TARGETRY CONTINUED2. ENGINEER DISMOUNTED TARGETS LOOK EXACTLY LIKE BFV DISMOUNTED TARGETS. RPG AND ATGM TARGETS CONSIST OF THREE E-TYPE SILHOUTTES PLACED IN LINE, IN DEPTH, OR IN A WEDGE FORMATION, AT UP TO 5 METERS APART OR 10 METERS IN DEPTH (CH. 8). TRENCH LINE TARGETS CONSIST OF FOUR TO SEVEN E-TYPE SILHOUTTES ARRANGED REALISTICALLY. THESE TARGETS ARE PLACED UP TO 5 METERS APART IN AN AREA NO LONGER THAN 30 METERS IN WIDTH AND 20 METERS IN DEPTH.3. EBFVS TARGET EXPOSURE TIME VARIES, DEPENDING ON THE TYPE OF TARGET AND THE PRESENTATION. TO DETERMINE EXPOSURE TIME, THE MASTER GUNNER MUST KNOW ENGAGEMENT TYPE, TARGET TYPE, CONDITIONS, AND DISTANCE TO TARGET.17

  • TARGETY CONTINUED4. DISMOUNTED TROOP TARGETS ARE EXPOSED FOUR TIMES, FOR FIVE SECONDS EACH TIME, AT TEN SECONDS INTERVALS.5. TO ENHANCE THE ADVANCED TABLE SCENARIO, THE BATTALION COMMANDER MAY ADD FRIENDLY TARGETS, SMOKE, AND OTHER OBSCURANTS.18

  • AMMUNITION REQUIREMENTSPLATOONS RECEIVE AND INTERNALLY DISTRIBUTE ALL OF THE AMMUNITION ALLOCATED FOR THE LFX, INCLUDING THAT ALLOCATED FOR BOTH THE DAY AND NIGHT PHASES.DA PAM 350-38 ALLOCATES THE FOLLOWING:a. FULL-CALIBER AMMUNITION FOR EBFV PLATOON QUALIFICATIONb. AMMUNITION FOR ALL DISMOUNTED SQUAD AND PLATOON LFXS

    19

  • AMMUNITION REQUIREMENTS CONTINUED2. CHAPTER 8 LISTS AMMUNITION ALLOCATIONS FOR EACH BFV TARGET (COAX, 25-MM AND TOW OR JAVELIN) AS FOLLOWS:AP OR TPDS-T96 ROUNDSHE OR TP-T96 ROUNDS7.621,600 ROUNDSINFANTRY TARGETSIAW STRACTOW OR JAVELIN1 PGS OR MILES MISSLE

    3. IF ADDITIONAL AMMUNITION AND RANGE TIME ARE AVAILABLE, UNITS CAN MODIFY THE SCENARIO (THREAT TARGET)20

  • ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVE CACTION: IDENTIFY THE PREREQUISTES TO PARTICIPATE IN A PLATOON LIVE FIRE.

    CONDITIONS: IN A CLASSROOM ENVIRONMENT, GIVEN WRITING PAPER, PENCIL AND FM 3-22.1.

    STANDARDS:THE STUDENT MUST GAIN THE KNOWLEDGE TO IDENTIFY THE PREREQUISITES TO PARTICIPATE IN A PLATOON LIVE FIRE.21

  • LIVE-FIRE PREREQUISITES TO PARTICIPATE IN A LIVE-FIRE PLATOON-GUNNERY EXERCISE, THE PLATOON MUST MEET THE FOLLOWING PREREQUISITES. THE PLATOON MAINTAINS INTEGRITY. THAT IS, CREWMEMBERS ALWAYS PARTICIPATE IN PLATOON LIVE-FIRE GUNNERY EXERCISES WITH THEIR OWN PLATOONS:a. EACH EBFV PRIMARY AND ALTERNATE CREWMWBER MUST HAVE QUALIFIED ON THE BGST WITHIN THE PREVIOUS THREE MONTHS(ACTIVE COMPONENT ONLY).b. SQUAD MEMBERS AND CREWMEMBERS MUST QUALIFY AND COMPLETE CERTAIN PREREQUISITES WITHIN THE PREVIOUS SIX MONTHS.1. INDIVIDUAL WEAPONS-EACH SQUAD MEMBER (DISMOUNTED OR MOUNTED) HAS QUALIFIED ON HIS INDIVIDUAL WEAPON.22

  • LIVE-FIRE PREREQUISITES CONTINUED2. BT VIIICREW QUALIFICATION - EBFV CREWMEMBERS MUST HAVE QUALIFIED ON BT VIII (CREW QUALIFICATION).3. BT IV BPPC THE EBFV PLATOON MUST HAVE COMPLETED BPPC (BTIV). c. EACH SQUAD MEMBER HAS ALREADY QUALIFIED ON EQTS I THROUGH VIII. AS A MINIMUM, HE HAS QUALIFIED ON EQTS I, III, AND IV. 23

  • ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVE DACTION: DEFINE THE PURPOSE AND CONDUCT OF ENGINEER TABLES III AND IV.

    CONDITIONS: IN A CLASSROOM ENVIRONMENT, GIVEN WRITING PAPER, PENCIL AND FM 3-22.1.

    STANDARDS: THE STUDENT MUST CORRECTLY DEFINE THE PURPOSE AND CONDUCT OF ENGINEER TABLES III AND IV.24

  • PURPOSE OF ENGINEER TABLES III AND IV

    SECTION AND PLATOON DEVICE GUNNERY CONSISTS OF BT III, SQUAD AND SECTION EXERCISE, AND BT IV, THE PLATOON PROFIENCY COURSE. THESE TABLES TRAIN AND EVALUATE COLLECTIVE SQUAD/SECTION AND PLATOON TASKS.25

  • CONDUCT OF ENGINEER TABLES III AND IV

    TO CONDUCT THE EXERCISES, LEADERS USE MILES OR PGS WITH LTID-EQUIPPED TARGETS, OR THEY USE A FORCE-ON-FORCE SCENARIO. SCENARIO DEVELOPMENT AND EVALUATIONS FOLLOW ARTEP 5-145-DRILL AND TC 5-150 AND CHAPTER 9 OF THIS MANUAL.26

  • ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVE E

    ACTION: DEFINE THE PURPOSE AND CONDUCT OF ENGINEER TABLE XI

    CONDITIONS: IN A CLASSROOM ENVIRONMENT, GIVEN A WRITING INSTRUMENT, NOTEPAPER AND FM 3-22.1.

    STANDARDS: THE STUDENT MUST CORRECTLY DEFINE THE PURPOSE OF ENGINEER TABLE XI IAW FM 3-22.1.27

  • PURPOSE AND CONDUCT OF ENGINEER TABLE XIPURPOSE OF ENGINEER TABLE XIENGINEER BRADLEY TABLE XI SERVES AS A BUILDING BLOCK TO PREPARE THE ENGINEER PLATOON FOR QUALIFICATION

    CONDUCT OF ENGINEER TABLE XIAMMUNITION CONSTRAINTS MIGHT REQUIRE THE PLATOON TO FIRE THE PRACTICE TABLE WITH BRADLEY TRAINING DEVICES (PGS OR MILES) RATHER THAN WITH FULL CALIBER AMMUNITION.a. ENSURE THE PLATOON PRACTICES THE FIRE DISTRUBUTION AND CONTROL TECHNIQUES USED DURING PLATOON QUALIFICATION.

    28

  • PURPOSE AND CONDUCT OF ENGINEER TABLE XI CONTINUED

    b. ENGINEER BRADLEY TABLE XI DEVELOPMENT, STANDARDS, EVALUATION, AND TARGET CONSIDERATIONS MIRROR ENGINEER BRADLEY TABLE XII.c. ENGINEER BRADLEY TABLE XI IS RESOURCED FOR PGS OR MILES. HOWEVER, IF AMMUNITION AND RANGE TIME ARE AVAILABLE, THEN THE ENGINEER BRADLEY TABLE XI MAY BE FIRED LIVE.29

  • ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVE F

    ACTION: DEFINE THE PURPOSE AND CONDUCT OF ENGINEER TABLE XII.

    CONDITIONS: IN A CLASSROOM ENVIRONMENT, GIVEN A WRITING INSTRUMENT, NOTEPAPER AND FM 3-22.1.

    STANDARDS: THE STUDENT MUST CORRECTLY DEFINE THE PURPOSE ENGINEER TABLE XII.30

  • PURPOSE AND CONDUCT OF ENGINEER TABLE XII

    PURPOSE:PLATOON QUALIFICATION EVALUATES THE PLATOONS ABILITY TO EXECUTE COLLECTIVE TASKS IN A TACTICAL LIVE-FIRE ENVIRONMENT.

    CONDUCT: COLLECTIVE TASK EVALUATIONS MEASURE THE PLATOONS COMBAT PROFICIENCY WHILE EXECUTING MOBILITY, COUNTERMOBILITY, AND SURVIVABILITY MISSIONS. MOUNTED AND DISMOUNTED ENGINEER SQUADS ARE INTEGRATED AND EVALUATED ON THEIR ABILITY TO FIGHT AS A COHESIVE EBFV PLATOON.31

  • PURPOSE AND CONDUCT ENGINEER TABLE XII CONTINUEDa. FOLLOW THE SCENARIO DEVELOPMENT GUIDELINES IN THIS CHAPTERb. FOLLOW THE AMMUNITION AND TARGET GUIDELINES IN THIS CHAPTER.c. FOLLOW THE STANDARDS, SCORING, AND EVALUATION PROCEDURES IN CHAPTER 8, IN ARTEP 5-145-DRILL, IN TC 5-150, AND IN THE APPROPRIATE MTPS.d. ENFORCE ALL PREREQUISITES IN THIS CHAPTER.e. CONDUCT THE ENGINEER BRADLEY PLATOON QUALIFICATION WITH LIVE, FULL CALIBER AMMUNITION.f. INCORPORATE APPROPRIATE EQT IX THROUGH XII TASKS INTO THE DISMOUNTED PORTION OF THIS ENGINEER BRADLEY TABLE XII.32

  • ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVE G

    ACTION: DEVELOP ENGINEER PLATOON GUNNERY TABLES.

    CONDITIONS: IN A CLASSROOM ENVIRONMENT, GIVEN A WRITING INSTRUMENT, NOTEPAPER AND FM 3-22.1, ARTEP 5-145-DRILL, AND TC 5-150.STANDARDS: THE STUDENT MUST CORRECTLY DEVELOP ENGINEER BRADLEY TABLES III, IV, AND XII IAW THE GUIDELINES IN FM 3-22.1 AND THE COMMAND GUIDANCE PROVIDED TO THE STUDENT.33