English Phrasal Verbs in Use Intermediate-Viny

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English Phrasal ----, Verb 1n

Use

70 units of vocabulary reference and practice

Self-study and classroom use

Michael McCarthy Felicity O'DellPDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com

CAMBRI DGEt lNIVFRSTT'Y PRl'.SS

PUBLISHED BY THE PRESS SYNDICATE OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE

The Pitt Building, Trumpington Street, Cambridge, United KingdomCAMBIUDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS

The Edinburgh Building, Cambridge CB2 2RU, UK 40 West 20th Street, New York, NY 10011-4211, USA 477 Williamstown Road, Port Melbourne, VIC 3207, Australia Ruiz de Alarcon 13, 28014 Madrid, Spain Dock House, The Waterfront, Cape Town 8001, South Africa http://www.cambridge.org Cambridge University Press 2004 This book is in copyright. Subject to statutory exception and to the provisions of relevant collective licensing agreements, no reproduction of any part may take place witho)..lt the written permission of Cambridge University P ss.> First published 2004 Third printing 2004 Printed in the United Kingdom at the University Press, Cambridge Typeface Saban 10/12pt. System QuarkXPress [oo&I]

A catalogue record for this book is available from the British LibraryISBN

0 521 52727 9 paperback

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ContentsAcknow ledgements Using this book34

Learning about phrasal verbsI Phrasal verbs: the basics 2 Phrasal verbs: what rhey mean 3 Parricles in phrasal verbs4 Nouns and adjectives based on phrasal verbs

5 Metaphor and regi ster

Key verbs6 Come 7 Get 8 Go 9 Look 10 Make 1 I Put 12 Take

Key particles13 Up

14 Out15 Off

16 l7 18 19 20 21

On and in Down and over Around and about For and with Through and back Into and away

Concepts22 lime: spendi11g time 2J rIOJC: passing of time24 Location '1.5 Cause a nd dfccr 26 Change 27 Success ond foilurc 28 Starting and finishing 29 Actions and movement 30 Destroying and reacting to destruction 31 Communication

Functions32 33 14 35 36 Decnbing people and places Describing publ:c events l) cribing smoarions Giving a nd getting informa tion Solv ing problems

EngiM PI!rosa/ rl>s in U.e

I

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37 Decisions and plans

38 Dis:tgrecing

39 Persuading 40 Praising and criticisi ng 41 Exclamations and warnings

Work, study and financeThe cbs>ruorn aud lcaruing Student hfe: courses and exams Srudem life: re.cling nd wriring Work: jobs and carer 46 Work: being busy 47 Money: salaries, bills, payments 48 Money: buying and sell ing 49 llusinc>> 50 Telephoning 42 43 44 45

Personal life51 52 53 54'iS

56 57

5859 60

Feelings Relationships Relatiousltips: problems Secrets aod conversations roge.< through life Health Sport Homes and dail y routines Socialising Food and drink

The world around us

61 Weather 62 Travel 63 Driving 64 Technology 65 Computers 66 News 67 Cnmc 68 Power and authority 69 American and AUStralian phrasal verbs 70 New phrasal verbs

Key l46Mini dictionary 183

2 En1ish Phrmol Vorl>s In Use

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AcknowledgementsThis book, like all our other books in the In Use series, is the result of the work of many people. Cambridge University Press editors, reviewers, designers, marketing staff, sales and publicity staff have all contributed their advice and expertise, and there are just too many to name individually here. Particular thanks must, however, go to the following two people at Cambridge University Press: N6irfn Burke, whose expertise and vision have guided us throughout the writing of this book, and Martine Walsh, who has steered the project from its beginnings through to publication with consistent insight and thoroughness. We are very grateful to them both. We also owe a great deal to the Cambridge University Press lexicographers who worked with the Cambridge International Corpus to produce the Cambridge International Dictionary of Phrasal Verbs. We drew heavily on the database of this dictionary when selecting verbs to include in this book and when compiling the Mini dictionary at the back of this book. We have also received invaluable feedback from both teacher and student reviewers. Their comments have had a great influence on the final manuscript and we are very grateful to them. In particular we would like to thank the following teachers, students and institutions from all over the world who reviewed and piloted the mater'tal throughout its development: Kristi Alcouffe, Bonelles, France Margarida Busatto, Sao Paulo, Brazil Philippa Dralet, Paris, France Gill Hamilton, Valencia, Spain Olga Vinogradova, Moscow, Russia Marilyn Woolf, London, UK Kevin Rutherford, Warsaw, Poland Julie Moore, Cambridge, UK Eilwen David, Munich, Germany Ewa Modrzejewska, Gdynia, Poland Yuri Hara, Tokyo, Japan Finally, as always, we would like to thank our domestic partners and loved ones for their unfailing support while we were taken up with this project. Michael McCarthy and Felicity O'DeJI

Development of this publication has made use of the Cambridge International Corpus (CIC). The CIC is a computerised database of contemporary spoken and written English, which currently stands at 600 million words. It includes British English, American English and other varieties of English. It also includes the Cambridge Learner Corpus, developed in collaboration with the University of

Cambridge ESOL Examinations. Cambridge University Press has built up the CIC to provide evidence about language use that helps to produce better language teaching materials. The publisher has used its best endeavours to ensure that the URLs for external websites referred to in this book are correct and active at the time of going to press. However, the publisher has no reponsibility for the websites and can make no guarantee that a site will remain live or that the content is or will remain appropriate.

English PhrasalVerbs in Use

3

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Using this bookWhy was this book writtentIt was written to help you improve )'Our know ledge of phrasnl vecbs in Engli!; Phrasal vecbs are verbs which have a main verb .ltld a h. particle which, together, create one meaning (e.g. a plane takes off from rhc airport; an adulr loos after a child). You will come across a grcm many phraecome familiar with rhe way phrasal verbs operare and with rhe terminology tha t is used in the rest of the book. After thar, you may work on rhe uoirs in any order that suits you.

What else do I need In order to work with this booktYou need a notebook or file in which you can write down rhe phrasal verbs that you study in rhi, book as well as any others that you come across elsewhere. You also need to ha access to a good dict1onary. We strongl y recommend ,e rhe Cam'>ridge llllemattoflall)wionary o( I'IJTasal Verbs a thigi ve> exa 'tl y the liuu of informJtion th.tt you need to have about ph ra;al verbs. Your reacher, however, may also be able to recommend other dictionaries that you will f ind useful. So. w hopthat this book will help y ou understand and use new or difficult phrasal verbs that crop up tsee Unit 44 -Student life: reading aod ,-.iring) in your reading und listening in English a nd that, by the time you finish the units, youll be saying: 'English ph raee Un it 69 American and Au ralian phrasal verbs).

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Ellffish l'llrosal Verln m Use 5

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I

Phrasal verbs: the basicsA What are phrasal verbs?Ph rasal verbs are verbs rhar consisr of a ve-rb and a parricle.

verblook get

particle exampleup throug h out You can look up any new words in your dictiooary. I tried co phone her but I couldn't aet throuah.

meamngYou can find the rne3ning of any newwo back "" oitler. I'd love to ask Sall y out.[invite Sally to

pottem

eat out

without

an object brine back sth or bring sth bck u k out sb or the verb must have anon+human object

the verb must object

ask

bout have a humanthe object can be either human or non..humandie object must come

go to a place l l an interesting book in the library. I took down the tide. Here it is. 3 We a>kctl '"'"" fnc:IIL.b .uuunJ 10 wath a fi lm, but the video was playing up nd it e'enrJally broke down. 4 I broughr up rhi< prohlrm .. rhr hsr meeti ng. It's really rime (0 sort Out me problem. 5 I wish he'd stop messing us about! I lc's pul the meeting off three times and now he wantto C311 it off a l together. 1.2 Match the. rwelve phrasal verbs from semences 1-5 i o cxcrdsc 1.1 above with !heir meanings from the box below.cause i'lconvenienang brings bak memories of my days at college. 2 She looked rite children after w hen their mother was in hospital. 3 I promised to ring my brothr back He called erlirr when I was huay,/ asked I

Jill3 his bouse I romorrow. I Jim I back I me i has invited I10

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4 when he I Paul/ his driving resr. I his parents I he'd f il..-1 I only having I was I rulc.l thtm/ oo 5 tomorrow? I What I you I on I do I have 6 rhe light I in her bedroom, I was I she I at home. I Sue I had IIknew I on I so

i:npsh Phrasal V.rb.s in Use

II

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4 Nouns and adjectives basedon phrasal verbs.__...:A ;

Nouns made from verb + particl

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