Evangelicals and Israel: The Story of American Christian Zionismby STEPHEN SPECTOR

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  • Evangelicals and Israel: The Story of American Christian Zionism by STEPHEN SPECTORReview by: WALTER RUSSELL MEADForeign Affairs, Vol. 88, No. 1 (January/February 2009), pp. 189-190Published by: Council on Foreign RelationsStable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/20699458 .Accessed: 14/06/2014 19:08

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    their power flowed from a mix of factors:

    strong legal and military cultures, a dis taste for foreign engagements, fidelity to allies, and a craving for security. The result in both cases was a slow and hesitant

    expansion and the creation of increasingly

    strong alliances. Although anti-Romanism

    was as common among Rome's allies and

    clients as anti-Americanism is today among the United States', in the last analysis, Rome's neighbors generally preferred to influence Rome's policies as allies rather than to fight Rome on the open field. The value of historical analogies over the millennia is necessarily limited; still,

    Maddens fresh take on the United States and Rome is provocative and stimulating and will give readers interested in both ancient and modern history much food for thought.

    Catholic Church at home and abroad.

    Ultimately, the politicians prevailed over the theologians; the ecumenical civil

    religious culture of Eisenhower's America

    represented a flattening out of theological differences in the interest of a common

    political vision. Ranging over subjects as diverse as the missionary influence in the China lobby and the political impact of the once-formidable Moral Rearmament

    movement, Inboden produces a stimulating and compelling picture of American

    religious and political life.

    Evangelicals and Israel: The Story of American Christian Zionism, by

    Stephen spector. Oxford

    University Press, 2008,352 pp. $29.95. Christian Zionism and its relationship to U.S. politics and the American Jewish community have seldom received as sensi

    tive and sound a treatment as in Spectors

    helpful new book. Based on extensive

    reporting and interviews with many lead

    ing personalities in the world of Christian

    Zionism, Evangelicals and Israel does a remarkable job of helping nonevangelicals and non-Christians come to grips with the nature and the importance of Chris tian Zionism today. Spector is particularly

    good at helping outsiders understand

    how many Christian Zionists combine a

    sincere devotion to Israel and its security as a Jewish state with a zeal to bring indi vidual Jews to the Christian faith. Spector is also very successful at delineating the

    theological roots of various positions within the Christian Zionist movement and at

    debunking the common stereotype that Christian Zionists support Israel as part of a plan to force the return of Jesus and the coming of the Last Judgment. The

    improved ability of Democrats to engage

    Religion and American Foreign Policy, 1945-1960: The Soul of Containment.

    by William inBoden. Cambridge

    University Press, 2008,368 pp. $80.00.

    The American academy has been redis

    covering the importance of religion in

    politics and foreign policy; Inbodens new book makes a vital contribution to this

    ongoing project by examining the ways in which both politicians and religious leaders grappled with the challenges of Cold War diplomacy. Presidents Harry Truman and Dwight Eisenhower, in Inbodens view, instinctively grasped the

    global and domestic importance of casting the Cold War as a struggle between religion and atheism. This focus put them at

    loggerheads with important currents in American Protestantism; one of the few

    convictions that liberal and conservative

    Protestants shared in the pre-Vatican II

    era was a deep suspicion of the Roman

    FOREIGN AFFAIRS - January/February 200g [189]

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    with people of faith has contributed to Democratic success in the last two election

    cycles; Democrats seeking to extend that

    winning streak could do much worse than to consult this book as a reliable field

    guide to an important constituency.

    The Irish Americans: A History, by jay p.

    dolan. Bloomsbury Press, 2008,

    368 pp. $30.00. It is difficult to overstate the importance of Irish Americans in U.S. history. This is not

    only because of the significant contributions

    they have made in their own right but also because as the first mass immigrants from

    a culture viewed as alien and threatening

    by "native" Americans, the Irish led the way for subsequent immigrants to the United States from all over the world. Holding on to a Catholic, anti-English identity and

    politics of their own, Irish Americans nevertheless found ways to express that

    identity in the context of a Protestant American culture rooted in English history and values. The Roman Catholic Church that the Irish helped make the United States' largest and most formidable religious

    organization has sheltered immigrants from many other parts of the world and continues to help new waves of immigrants find a place in the United States today. The Irish American political machines

    helped shape the American party system, and Irish Americans were largely respon sible for the rise of the American labor

    movement as well. Irish Americans were

    the first Americans who learned to be

    loyal Americans while holding on to values and identities rooted in their country of

    origin. Dolan has described the full range of the extraordinary Irish contribution to

    American culture and life.

    The Rebellion of Ronald Reagan: A History of the End of the Cold War. by jam es mann. Viking, 2009, 432 pp. $27.95.

    Mann, one of the leading students of

    contemporary U.S. foreign policy, whose Rise of the Vulcans is the best study yet of the Bush-Cheney foreign policy team, has

    written an extraordinary account of Ronald

    Reagans approach to the Soviet Union that sheds considerable light on the end of the Cold War. The Reagan Mann shows the reader is as disengaged and as ideological as his critics have frequently charged; yet time and again, he overruled his advisers as he followed his own vision and intuition. Driv

    ing Mikhail Gorbachev and his advisers to distraction with endlessly recycled plati tudes and stale jokes about Soviet life? and allowing Nancy Reagans astrologer to set the time for the signing of the

    1987 Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces

    Treaty?Reagan nevertheless imposed a

    consistent vision of his own on U.S.-Soviet

    relations. In his first term, he defied liberals and realists to put the ideological conflict between the United States and the Soviet Union back at the center of international

    politics; in his second, he defied conserva tives and realists to push toward a new

    relationship with a Soviet regime that was

    steadily changing. Next to Reagan, Secre

    tary of State George Shultz is the figure who emerges from this well-researched

    and well-constructed book as the American

    who best understood what was happening in the Soviet Union at this time.

    The Closing of the American Border: Terrorism, Immigration, and Security

    Since9/11. by edward alden.

    HarperCollins, 2008, 368 pp. $27.95. In this revealing and richly researched account, Alden describes how the Bush

    administration came to rely on the blunt

    [190] FOREIGN AFFAIRS Volume88No. 1

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    Article Contentsp. 189p. 190

    Issue Table of ContentsForeign Affairs, Vol. 88, No. 1 (January/February 2009), pp. 1-40, 1-10, 41-76, 1-16, 77-160, 1-4, 161-202Front MatterFinancial FalloutThe Great Crash, 2008: A Geopolitical Setback for the West [pp. 2-14]From Doha to the Next Bretton Woods: A New Multilateral Trade Agenda [pp. 15-26]

    EssaysA Balanced Strategy: Reprogramming the Pentagon for a New Age [pp. 28-40]Beyond Iraq: A New U.S. Strategy for the Middle East [pp. 41-58]Change They Can Believe In: To Make Israel Safe, Give Palestinians Their Due [pp. 59-68, 70-76]The Myth of the Autocratic Revival: Why Liberal Democracy Will Prevail [pp. 77-93]America's Edge: Power in the Networked Century [pp. 94-113]In the Shadow of the Oval Office: The Next National Security Adviser [pp. 114-129]The Responsibility to Contain: Protecting Sovereignty Under International Law [pp. 130-147]Where Are the Civilians? How to Rebuild the U.S. Foreign Service [pp. 148-160]

    Reviews &ResponsesReview EssayThe Making of a Mess: Who Broke Global Finance, and Who Should Pay for It? [pp. 162-168]Presumed Innocent: Lessons of the Past for the New Middle East [pp. 169-175]

    ResponseA Broader Agenda: Beyond Bush-Era Foreign Policy [pp. 176-181]

    Recent Books on International RelationsPolitical and LegalReview: untitled [pp. 182-182]Review: untitled [pp. 182-183]Review: untitled [pp. 183-183]Review: untitled [pp. 183-184]Review: untitled [pp. 184-184]

    Economic, Social, and EnvironmentalReview: untitled [pp. 184-185]Review: untitled [pp. 185-185]Review: untitled [pp. 185-185]Review: untitled [pp. 185-186]Review: untitled [pp. 186-186]

    Military, Scientific, and TechnologicalReview: untitled [pp. 186-187]Review: untitled [pp. 188-188]Review: untitled [pp. 188-188]

    The United StatesReview: untitled [pp. 188-189]Review: untitled [pp. 189-189]Review: untitled [pp. 189-190]Review: untitled [pp. 190-190]Review: untitled [pp. 190-190]Review: untitled [pp. 190-191]

    Western EuropeReview: untitled [pp. 191-191]Review: untitled [pp. 192-192]Review: untitled [pp. 192-192]Review: untitled [pp. 193-193]Review: untitled [pp. 193-194]

    Western HemisphereReview: untitled [pp. 194-194]Review: untitled [pp. 194-195]Review: untitled [pp. 195-195]Review: untitled [pp. 195-195]

    Eastern Europe and Former Soviet RepublicsReview: untitled [pp. 196-196]Review: untitled [pp. 196-196]Review: untitled [pp. 196-197]Review: untitled [pp. 197-197]Review: untitled [pp. 197-198]Review: untitled [pp. 198-198]

    Middle EastReview: untitled [pp. 198-198]Review: untitled [pp. 198-199]Review: untitled [pp. 199-199]Review: untitled [pp. 199-200]Review: untitled [pp. 200-200]

    AfricaReview: untitled [pp. 200-201]Review: untitled [pp. 201-202]Review: untitled [pp. 202-202]

    FOR THE RECORD [pp. 202-202]Back Matter


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