Figurative Language Notes - Figurative Language... · Figurative Language Definition: the phrase does…

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<ul><li><p>Figurative Language Notes </p></li><li><p>Literal Language </p><p> Definition: the phrase means what it says </p><p> Example: </p><p> I love pizza. </p></li><li><p>Figurative Language </p><p> Definition: the phrase does NOT mean exactly what it says; writers use this technique to make images more vivid. </p><p> Figurative language includes: similes, metaphors, alliteration, hyperboles, onomatopoeia, personification, idioms, symbolism, imagery, and cliches. </p><p> Example: Pizza is food from heaven. (figurative language = metaphor) </p></li><li><p>Simile </p><p> Definition: a comparison using like or as </p><p> Example: </p><p> She swam like a dolphin. </p><p> James was as tall as the Empire State Building! </p></li><li><p>Metaphor </p><p> Definition: a comparison NOT using like or as </p><p> Example: </p><p> He was a lazy lion who slept until noon. </p><p> Jerrys legs are sticks; he is so skinny. </p></li><li><p>Idiom </p><p> Definition: a common expression used to mean something else; its literal meaning may be ridiculous </p><p> Example: Its raining cats and dogs! </p><p> Check on your brother, please! </p><p> You have ants in your pants. </p></li><li><p>Hyperbole </p><p> Definition: an extreme exaggeration (common in tall tales) </p><p> Example: </p><p> There were a thousand people at my party. </p></li><li><p>Onomatopoeia </p><p> Definition: Sound words; words that sound like their meaning </p><p> Example: </p><p> The bells clang loudly in the night. </p><p> A wind swooshed through the window. </p></li><li><p>Assonance </p><p> Definition: a series of words that have the same or a similar vowel sound </p><p> Example: </p><p> In June, flowers bloomed underneath the moons light. </p></li><li><p>Alliteration </p><p> Definition: a group of words that have a common sound </p><p> Example: </p><p> Peter picked peppers. </p><p> Cool, cold Coca-Cola quenches his thirst. </p></li><li><p>Personification </p><p> Definition: giving human characteristics to a non-human entity. </p><p> Example: </p><p> Fog tip-toed across the ocean. </p><p> The butterfly danced in the wind. </p></li><li><p>Imagery </p><p> Definition: sensory words used to make the image more vivid to the reader. </p><p> Example: </p><p> Grandmas lemon cake smelled heavenly and had a taste that returned me to early childhood. </p></li><li><p>Symbolism Definition: a symbol works two ways: </p><p> It is something itself, and it also suggests something deeper. They are not metaphors, however. </p><p> A metaphor might read, His life was an oak tree that had just lost its leaves, a symbol might be the oak tree itself, which would symbolize/represent a long time. </p><p> Example: Common symbols in writing: heart/a red rose </p><p>= love; dove = peace; black = death </p></li><li><p>Denotative Meaning </p><p> Definition: is the strict dictionary meaning of a word. </p><p> Example: </p><p> America denotes the country south of Canada and north of Mexico. </p></li><li><p>Connotative Meaning </p><p> Definition: is the emotional and imaginative association surrounding a word. </p><p> Example: </p><p> Home is where the heart is. </p></li></ul>