Final Cut Express - Manuale Italiano

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  • Final Cut Express

    Users Manual

    Users Manual

  • K

    Apple Computer, Inc.

    '

    2003 Apple Computer, Inc. All rights reserved. Under the copyright laws, this manual may not be copied, in whole or in part, without the written consent of Apple. Your rights to the software are governed by the accompanying software license agreement. The Apple logo is a trademark of Apple Computer, Inc., registered in the U.S. and other countries. Use of the keyboard Apple logo (Option-Shift-K) for commercial purposes without the prior written consent of Apple may constitute trademark infringement and unfair competition in violation of federal and state laws.Every effort has been made to ensure that the information in this manual is accurate. Apple Computer, Inc. is not responsible for printing or clerical errors. Apple Computer, Inc.1 Innite LoopCupertino, CA 95014-2084408-996-1010www.apple.com Apple, the Apple logo, AppleTalk, AppleWorks, Final Cut, Final Cut Pro, FireWire, Mac, Macintosh, PowerBook, Power Macintosh, QuickTime, and TrueType are trademarks of Apple Computer, Inc., registered in the U.S. and other countries.DVD Studio Pro, Extensions Manager, Finder, iDVD, iMovie, Power Mac, and Sound Manager are trademarks of Apple Computer, Inc.Adobe is a trademark of Adobe Systems, Inc.Times is a registered trademark of Heidelberger Druckmaschinen AG, available from Linotype Library GmbH.Other company and product names mentioned herein are trademarks of their respective companies. Mention of third-party products is for informational purposes only and constitutes neither an endorsement nor a recommendation. Apple assumes no responsibility with regard to the performance or use of these products.

    20464.Book Page 2 Tuesday, November 26, 2002 3:01 PM

  • 3

    Contents

    Part I Getting Started, Input, and Output

    1 Video Creation in Final Cut Express 11

    The Basics: Clips, Sequences, and Projects 12

    The Video Creation Process in Final Cut Express 13

    2 Setting Up Your System 15

    Additional Equipment to Consider 15

    Types of Video Signals 17

    Hard Disk Storage for Digital Media 18

    Setting Up Your Hardware 19

    3 Installing Software and Choosing Your Initial Setup 23

    Installing Final Cut Express 23

    Choosing an Initial Setup 23

    4 Learning About the Interface 27

    Easy Setups 28

    Preferences 29

    About the Editing and Project Windows 32

    Acquiring and Distributing Media 44

    Using Menus, Shortcuts, and Controls 46

    About Timecode 53

    Changing the Layout of Windows 55

    Undoing and Redoing Changes 57

    20464.Book Page 3 Tuesday, November 26, 2002 3:01 PM

  • 4

    Contents

    5 Using the Browser and Managing Projects and Clips 59

    Getting Started 60

    Learning About the Browser 61

    Working With Projects 67

    Working in the Browser 75

    Using Bins to Organize Your Clips 81

    Customizing the Browser Display 84

    Performing Searches in the Browser 93

    Viewing and Changing the Properties of a Clip 99

    About Links Between Clips and Source Media 104

    6 Capturing Media 109

    The Capture Window 110

    Preparing to Capture Clips 115

    Capturing Video and Audio 123

    Auto-Segmenting an Entire Tape 128

    7 Importing Graphics, QuickTime, and Audio Files 131

    Importing Media Files Into Final Cut Express 132

    About Importing QuickTime Files 134

    About Importing Still Images 136

    About Importing Audio Files 140

    8 Recording to Videotape 141

    Setting Up to Record to Videotape 142

    Recording From the Timeline 143

    Printing to Video 144

    9 QuickTime Export of Video, Images, and Sound 149

    Supported File Formats for Distribution 149

    Exporting a Final Cut Express Movie 150

    Exporting Markers from Final Cut Express 152

    Exporting a QuickTime File 154

    Exporting a Single Still Image 162

    Exporting Audio Only 164

    20464.Book Page 4 Tuesday, November 26, 2002 3:01 PM

  • Contents

    5

    Part II Editorial

    10 Getting Started With Editing 169

    How to Edit Using the Interface 170

    11 Working With Clips and the Viewer 175

    About the Viewer 176

    Working With Clips Between the Browser and Viewer 185

    Navigating in the Viewer 193

    Using Timecode in the Viewer 196

    Changing How Video Is Displayed in the Viewer 197

    Setting and Modifying In and Out Points 203

    Creating and Working With Subclips 215

    Using Markers 218

    12 Working With Sequences, the Timeline, and the Canvas 227

    Working With Sequences 228

    Working With the Timeline and Canvas 235

    About the Canvas 236

    Navigation and Marking Controls in the Canvas 238

    Editing Controls in the Canvas 239

    About the Timeline 241

    Customizing the Timeline Display 250

    Zooming and Scrolling in the Timeline 250

    Navigating With the Playhead in the Timeline 257

    How Clips Appear in the Timeline 260

    Working With Tracks in the Timeline 262

    Working With Items in the Timeline 270

    Searching for Items in the Timeline 304

    Opening and Modifying Item Properties in the Timeline 305

    Indicators in the Render Bar 306

    13 Basic Editing 309

    Editing in Final Cut Express 311

    Setting Up an Edit 321

    Performing an Edit 337

    20464.Book Page 5 Tuesday, November 26, 2002 3:01 PM

  • 6

    Contents

    Setting Up and Performing Split Edits 359

    Locating a Match Frame 371

    Removing Clips From a Sequence 373

    14 Adding and Editing Transition Effects 377

    Using Transitions in Your Sequences 377

    Adding Transitions 381

    Moving, Copying, and Deleting Transitions 385

    Modifying Transitions in the Timeline 387

    Making Precise Adjustments to Transitions 389

    Previewing and Rendering Transitions 402

    Video Transitions That Come With Final Cut Express 403

    15 Advanced Editing and Trimming Techniques 409

    Where You Can Perform Trim Edits 410

    About the Tool Palette 411

    Controls That Affect Trim Edits 412

    Selecting Edits and Clips to Trim 413

    How to Perform Trim Edits 425

    Trimming Edits Using the Trim Edit Window 461

    Audio/Video Synchronization in Final Cut Express 471

    16 Working With Audio 479

    Evaluating the Audio in Your Program 479

    Ways to Import Audio Into Your Project 480

    Working With Audio in the Viewer 481

    Opening Clips in the Viewer 488

    Dragging an Audio Clip to the Canvas, Browser, or Timeline 488

    Zooming and Scrubbing Through Audio Clips 489

    The Goals of Audio Editing 496

    Editing Audio in the Viewer 497

    Working With Audio in the Timeline 502

    Using Audio Transitions 509

    About Mixing Volume and Stereo Levels in Final Cut Express 512

    Setting Audio Levels in the Viewer 513

    Setting Stereo Pan or Spread in the Viewer 516

    20464.Book Page 6 Tuesday, November 26, 2002 3:01 PM

  • Contents

    7

    Mixing a Clips Levels and Pan/Spread Dynamically Using Keyframes 519

    Adjusting Volume Levels and Pan/Spread in the Timeline 526

    Real-Time Audio Mixing in Final Cut Express 531

    Audio Filters 532

    Rendering Audio Filters and Transitions 543

    Final Cut Expresss Audio Filters 545

    17 Using the Voice Over Tool 549

    18 Viewing and Setting Preferences 561

    Setting General Preferences 562

    Setting Options for the Timeline 570

    Setting Up Scratch Disks for Storing Media 572

    Part III Effects

    19 Overview of Effects 577

    20 Compositing, Applying Motion Effects, and Using Keyframes 579

    Layering Clips 580

    Nesting Sequences 597

    Motion Effects 598

    Animating Visual Effects Using Keyframes 618

    Working With Graphics Clips of Different Resolutions 636

    21 Working With Video Filters, Generators, and Speed Settings 639

    Video Filters 639

    Final Cut Expresss Video Filters 649

    Video Generators 661

    Using Final Cut Expresss Generators 665

    Speed Settings 671

    22 Color Correction 673

    What Is Color Correction? 673

    The Color Corrector Filter 674

    The Desaturate Highlights and Desaturate Lows Filters 681

    20464.Book Page 7 Tuesday, November 26, 2002 3:01 PM

  • 8

    Contents

    23 Rendering 683

    The Basics of Rendering 683

    Rendering 686

    Rendering Audio 688

    Rendering Real-Time Effects 690

    24 G4 Real-Time Effects 691

    Appendix Solutions to Common Problems and Customer Support 695

    Solutions to Common Problems 696

    Calling AppleCare Support 700

    Glossary 703

    Index 715

    20464.Book Page 8 Tuesday, November 26, 2002 3:01 PM

  • Part I

    II

    Getting Started, Input, and Output

    20464.Book Page 9 Tuesday, November 26, 2002 3:01 PM

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  • 11

    C H A P T E R

    1

    1

    Video Creation in Final Cut Express

    Welcome to Final Cut Express, a low-cost, streamlined editing solution for digital video enthusiasts. Final Cut Express has been specically designed to work with a wide variety of inexpensive consumer digital video equipment, allowing anyone with a Macintosh computer and a camcorder to produce sophisticated videos incorporating video effects, titles, and mixed audio.

    Since Final Cut Express lets you import and export standard QuickTime video les, your nished movies can be imported into iDVD and DVD Studio Pro to create high-quality DVDs, or easily compressed for multimedia use and Web playback. If youve reached the limits of what you can accomplish with iMovie, then Final Cut Express is for you.

    Before you start using Final Cut Express, you need to understand the basic components of Final Cut Express and the four basic steps of video editingacquisition, editorial, effects, and distribution.

    About Digital Video

    The term

    digital video

    can mean a variety of thingsa movie on DVD, a home video stored on a DV tape, or a QuickTime movie trailer on the Web. All represent video stored digitally, but in different formats. DV is a digital video format.

    Unlike analog video, a digital video signal is stored as a series of ones and zeroes on tape. This allows computer-based video editing programs, such as Final Cut Express, to capture DV, a specic digital video format, without any additional hardware. Since the video signal is already digital, it can be imported using the FireWire interface of your Macintosh computer.

    Capturing digital video is similar to copying a computer le. As long as you use FireWire, there is no generational loss. You can make as many copies as you like and theyll all look as good as the original.

    20464.Book Page 11 Tuesday, November 26, 2002 3:01 PM

  • 12

    Chapter 1

    The Basics: Clips, Sequences, and Projects

    The key components of Final Cut Express are clips, sequences, and projects.

    m

    A

    clip

    is an individual section of a video, audio, or graphics le. All video, audio, and graphics les that you import into Final Cut Express appear as clips. A clip can be the smallest individual part of an edited program, analogous to a shot in a movie, or it can be an entire program. How much or how little you capture in a clip is up to you.

    m

    A

    sequence

    is a series of clips edited together to create a program. Sequences can be up to four hours long and contain as many clips as you need to tell your story. A sequence can contain your entire edited program or be limited to a single scene. Final Cut Express gives you the exibility to organize your edit however you like, with as many sequences as you need.

    m

    A

    project

    contains all the clips, sequences, and les that relate to a particular program or programs. You can have more than one project open at a timefor example, if youre working on various programs at once.

    About Nonlinear and Nondestructive Editing

    Final Cut Express is a nonlinear, nondestructive editing program. Almost nothing you do in Final Cut Express has any effect on the original digital video les you captured to disk. Even if you delete entire clips, they are still stored in the folder to which you captured them, until you drag them to the Trash in the Finder. The one exception to this is changing a clips reel number. Whenever you change this item property, the change is saved to the original clip on your hard disk.

    Similarly, if you edit a clip in a sequence and you cut it short, the edited piece is not irretrievably gone unless you delete the original le.

    m

    Nonlinear editing

    describes the process of editing the digital video that you captured on your hard disk. Once all your material is captured, you can easily cut, paste, add, and delete material from any part of the sequence. You can begin editing at any point. If you want, you can start from the end of the program and work your way back to the beginning.

    m

    Nondestructive editing

    means that you can change a captured clip in Final Cut Express without affecting the original source clip stored on your hard disk. Clips in Final Cut Express are pointers to your original source material, not the actual source material.

    20464.Book Page 12 Tuesday, November 26, 2002 3:01 PM

  • Video Creation in Final Cut Express

    13

    The Video Creation Process in Final Cut Express

    The video creation process in Final Cut Express involves four main steps: acquisition, editorial, effects, and distribution.

    Step 1: Acquisition

    Acquisition refers not only to capturing video clips for use in your project, but also to accumulating all the media you need to complete your project. Final Cut Express allows you to capture DV and audio from a wide variety of sources, if you have the appropriate hardware. You can also import a variety of QuickTime, audio, and graphics le formats. Once they are imported, you can organize these clips in a variety of ways using bins and tabs.

    Step 2: Editorial

    This process involves taking the video youve captured, along with any audio or graphics you imported, and turning these raw materials into an edited sequence of clips. Most editors start with a rough cut, where they assemble all the clips for their program very quickly to provide the general structure of their edit. Once thats nished, they work on ne-tuning, adding the polish and pizzazz desired for the nal product. Adding transitions such as wipes and dissolves as well as music, voiceover, and sound effects are also a part of this process.

    Step 3: Effects

    With the timing of your edit largely completed, you can then add effects such as titles, superimpositions, and lters. You can also add keyframes and motion effects for rotating, resizing, and moving video and images. Final Cut Express has a wide variety of video and audio effects with parameters that can change over time.

    Step 4: Distribution

    The last step is deciding how you want to distribute your nal product. Will you output your program back to DV? Do you want to create a professional-looking DVD using iDVD? Or do you want to post QuickTime movies to the web using .Mac? Final Cut Express lets you do all of these and more.

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    C H A P T E R

    2

    2

    Setting Up Your System

    This chapter presents ways you can set up your computer, camcorder, and ot...

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