FREDERICK WINSLOW TAYLOR - SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT ? Web view Karl Marx attempted an explanation of bureaucracy

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The University of Lusaka

Science in Public Health- BSPH 113

Introduction to Public Administration and Political Education BSPH 113

Prepared by Kawila L.E. M.A, B.A, L.L.B, Dip Education [Student in Doctor of Literature and Philosophy in Public Administration UNISA]. 2015


Course title: Introduction to Public Administration and Political Education.

Course code: BSPH 113

Letter to the Students5

Course Outline6

Course Aim6

1.0 Chapter One Understanding Public Administration.9

1.1 Objectives of the Topic Under Discussion..9

1.2 Meaning and Definitions of Public Administration11

1.3 Public and Private Administration.13

1.4 Is Public Administration a science or art......................15

1.5 Evolution and Growth of Public Administration16

1.6 What is New Public Administration16

1.7 On Going Concern17

1.8 Bibliography18

2.0 Chapter Two Principle Theories and Approaches20

2.1 Objects of the Topic Under Discussion20

2.2 Classical Theory of Organisation20

2.3 Bureaucratic Theory..26

2.4 Scientific Management28

2.5 Human Relations theory32

2.6 Hierarchy [Scalar Principle].33

2.7 [I] Authority34

2.7 [II] Responsibility35

2.7 [III] Delegation36

2.7 [IV] Centralisation.37

2.7 [V] Decentralisation.37

2.7 [VI] Coordination38

2.7 [VII] Bibliography39

3.0 Chapter Three: - Dynamics in Administration..39

3.1 Objectives of the Topic under Discussion39

3.2 What is leadership.40

3.3 Trait Theory............................41

3.4 Theory X and Theory Y42

3.5 Contingency or Leadership or situational.43

3.6 Peter Principle..44

3.7 Systems Approach.45

3.8 Bibliography47

4.0 Chapter Four: Public Personal Administration.47

4.1 Objectives of Topic Under Discussion..47

4.2 Recruitment and Selection48

4.3 Recruitment Policies and Procedures48

4.4 What are the critical points to be considered on a Job description? .........................................49

4.5 Selection Processes49

4.6 The Selection Interviews50

4.7 Selection Tests51

4.8 Patronage versus Merit System 51

4.9 Who are the minority in the Job market? .53

5.0 What should an organisation do in preparing for interviews? 53

5.1 Recruitment practices in the Zambian Civil Service.54

5.2 Bibliography.54

6.0 Chapter Five: Political Education54

6.1 Objectives of the Topics Under discussion54

6.2 Topic One: Administering National Government..................55

6.4 What are the functions of the chief Executive56

6.5 The Legislature..56

6.6 The Legal System and Judiciary.58

6.7 Topic Two: Theories and Roles of the State..59

6.8 Marxist61

6.9 Non Marxist.62

7.0 Pluralist theories..63

7.1 Topic Three: Democracy Democratisation and Good Governance65

7.2 Conceptual Definitions65

7.3 Characteristics of Democracy and Good Governance.66

7.3 Administrative Responsibility.68

7.3 Citizen Participation..68

7.3 administrative ethics.71

7.4 Elections and Electoral Systems72

7.5 Constitutions and Constitutionalism.78

7.6 Public Policy Making Process..80

7.7 Public Policy Formulation Implementation and Evaluation.80

7.8 What is the Nature of Public Policy? ......................................................................................82

7.9 What are the Major Types of Policy83

8.0 Significance and Why Study Public Policy..85

8.1 What are the Possible Constraints To Rationality? 93

8.2 Bibliography95

8.3 writing a Good assignment.95

8.3 A draft sample of essay writing96

8.4 Bibliography99

8.5 bibliography..100


Dear Student,

Welcome to BSPH 113 [Introduction to Public Administration and Political Education]. The course runs for one semester. The purpose of this batch or module, is not to provide you with complete reading material for the course, but to provide a guide to your reading. The course is intended to briefly introduce to you the foundation topics in Public Administration and Political Education which will give you an insight of the environment in which you may work especially if you will be employed by the Government of the Republic of Zambia. As a student of this course you are advised to read widely from other additional sources about the topics and issues introduced in this batch or module. Our University Library has a worth of books that will provide deeper readings on the topics discussed herein.

You will appreciate that the first topic in your course discusses understanding Public Administration and Private Administration and attempts to compare and contrast the two concept to give you a sound understanding of the two concepts. This course is deliberately put in your program of study so that you have a good understanding of administration in your work environment and you may in future practice these concepts in your work. I have posed a number of questions in the process of developing this module in order to enlighten you on the benefits of this course in your career perspectives. I hope the few points raised will encourage you to understand the importance of this course and move you to be more focused in your pursuit for a degree in Public Health.

I would also like to take this opportunity to appeal to you to submit all your assignment within stipulated deadlines as this is a requirement for your training and assessment. I am sure during your orientation you have acquired yourself with the University regulations in order to remain current and avoid unnecessary problems. You therefore now know that there are serious penalties for submitting assignments late.

Students in the three [3] categories, namely Full time, Part time and Distance, are strongly advised to carefully study the whole Module before 12th October, 2015. The mid Examinations planned for 12th October, 2015 to 23rd October, 2015 will draw questions from any section of the Module, with an intention to prepare students for the final examination to be sat between 7th December and 18th December, 2015. Distance students will sit their residential school examinations on the second day of our residential school, which falls on 24th November 2015. In view of the fore going, students are advised to study the whole Module before coming for residential and report on Monday to avoid missing the residential examinations. Reading the whole Module is a MUST, to prepare for the final examination.

I hope you will find the course interesting and inspiring.

Kawila LE [Mr.]




The ain of the course is to introduce students to the basic fundamentals of Public administration and political education. This is a fundamental course that shall introduce students to basic concepts in general administration that will give students some knowledge in administration as they carry out their duties in Public health.


By the end of the course, students should be able to:

[a] Show an understanding of concepts necessary as outlined in the course,

[b] Demonstrate an understanding of the role of administrative structures, processes and behaviour in influencing administrative out put.

[c] Critically discuss and show a higher understanding of concepts that are presented in the course out line.


Understanding Public Administration

Objectives of the Topic under discussion

Meaning and definitions of Public Administration

Public and Private Administration

Is Public Administration a science or art

Evolution and growth of Public Administration

What is New Public Administration

On going concern

Principle Theories and approaches

Objects of the Topic Under discussion

Classical Theory of Organisation

Bureaucratic Theory

Scientific management

Human relation theory

Hierarchy [Scalar Principle]







Dynamics in Administration:

Objectives of the Topic Under discussion

What I Leadership

Trait theory

Theory X and Theory Y

Contingency or leadership or situational

Peter Principle

Systems approach

Public Personnel Administration

Objectives of the Topic under discussion

Recruitment and selection

Recruitment policies and procedures

What are the critical points to be considered on a job description?

Selection process

The selection interviews

Selection tests

Patronage versus Merit system

Who are the minority in the job market

What should an organization do in preparing for interviews?

Political Education

Objectives of the Topics under discussion

Administering national government

What are the functions of the Chief Executive

The legislature

The legal system and judiciary

Theories and the roles of the state


Non Marxist

Pluralist theories

Democracy, Democratisation and good Governance

Elections and Electoral Systems

Constitutions and Constitutionalism

Public Policy Making Process