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Disaster resilience-informed curriculum Dr. Bernard Manyena (Bern) from bounce-back to bounce-forward ability

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Page 1: from bounce-back to bounce-forward ability

Disaster resilience-informed curriculum

Dr. Bernard Manyena (Bern)

from bounce-back to bounce-forward ability

Page 2: from bounce-back to bounce-forward ability

• About HCRI

• Resilience Framework

• MSc International Disaster Management

• General considerations

Outline

Page 3: from bounce-back to bounce-forward ability

Origins of HCRI

Founded in August 2009. Response to demand for a centre of excellence for humanitarian action. To bring together academics, practitioners and policy-makers to facilitate improvements in crisis response on a global scale.

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HCRI NICHE

HCRI is truly multi-disciplinary – bringing together medicine, science and the humanities. The Institute brings together both humanitarianism and conflict response.

PHOTO: UK-MED

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CORE TEAM

Prof Bertrand Taithe

Executive Director

Dr Rony Brauman

Director Prof Tony Redmond

Deputy Director/UKIETR

Director

Dr Bernard Manyena

MSc International

Disaster

Management

Programme Director

Dr Tanja Müller

Research Director

Dr Rubina Jasani

Postgraduate

Research Director

Dr Kirsten Howarth

Postgraduate

Teaching Director

Adele Aubrey

Institute Manager Prof Roger Mac Ginty

MA Peace and Conflict

Studies Programme

Director

Betty-Ann Bristow

Administrator

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HCRI PROGRAMMES

MA in Humanitarianism

and Conflict Response

MSc in International

Disaster Management

MA in Peace and Conflict Studies

Intercalated BSc in Global Health

Online MSc in Global Health (in

collaboration with IFRC)

PhD in Humanitarianism

and Conflict Response

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HCRI ESSENCE

Disaster

Management

Humanitarianism

and conflict

response

Health/

Medicine

Resilience

Peace and

conflict studies

Page 8: from bounce-back to bounce-forward ability

ASSUMPTIONS OF RESILIENCE INFOMRED CURRICULUM

• Multiple realities • Disasters are destructive – of major concern • Disasters are constructive •Individuals, communities, societies, systems and institutions have inherent resilience •Impacts of shocks and stresses can be assessed reduced

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ASSUMPTIONS OF RESILIENCE INFOMRED CURRICULUM

• Higher learning Institutions have interest in resilience but uncertain about what to do

• Social workers are central to resilience building

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WHAT IS RESILIENCE?

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• Contested term

• Multiple definitions

• Means everything

• Means nothing

• A Trojan Horse

• A shinning star

Resilience:

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Definition of Resilience

• The capacity of a system, community or society

potentially exposed to hazards to adapt, by resisting or

changing in order to reach and maintain an acceptable

level of functioning and structure.

• This is determined by the degree to which the social

system is capable of organising itself to increase its

capacity for learning from past disasters for better

future protection and to improve risk-reduction measures

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• Prevention (from exposure)

• Anticipation

• Absorption (withstand/ resistance)

• Adaptation (mitigation)

• Transformation (change, opportunity)

Some constitutive elements of resilience

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System or

processes

shocks

stresses

Anticipation

Absorption

Adaptation

Transformation

Prevention

Context e.g. country,

social group,

institution

Disturbance e.g Natural

hazard, conflict,

food shortage

Resilience Capacity to

deal with

disturbance

Outcome

Bounce

back

Bounce

forward

Recover but

worse than

before

Transient

collapse

Permanent

dysfunction/

vulnerability Resilience of what? Resilience to what? Resilience through

what action?

Structural transformation Time

ASSESS AND REDUCE RISK MANAGE RESIDUAL RISK

Conceptual Framework: Elements of Resilience

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• Prevention better than cure

• Being proactive eg vaccinations against diseases

PREVENTION

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• Actions in advance of a disaster to reduce its impact

• Early warning and early action systems

• Information systems

• Risk assessment

ANTICIPATION

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• Systems / plans to persevere and maintain stability following disturbances

• Emergency / Contingency plan activation

• Search and Rescue

• Coping mechanisms

• Support for victims / survivors

• Community-based systems / Cultural systems

ABSORPTION

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• Adjustments, modifications, changes that can be made on benefiting communities, institutions and organizations to moderate potential future damage (eg migration to urban areas for better medication, education etc)

• Opportunities to continue functioning without major changes in function or structural identity

ADAPTATION

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• Drastic / incremental change

• Evidence-based advocacy

• Policy change

• Governance

TRANSFORMATION

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Humanitarian Action

Prevention Anticipation

Shock

Absorption

Resilience Cycle

Adaptation

Transformation

Risk Reduction

Ongoing elements

• Assessment

•Learning

•Organising

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CONTEXT OF RISKS ,SHOCKS AND STRESSES

PROGRAMME

Resilience

Prevention Absorption Adaptation Transformation

Disaster Management Studies

Anticipation

Skills

Research

Practical

Analysis

Ethical

Presentation

Page 22: from bounce-back to bounce-forward ability

CONTEXT OF RISKS ,SHOCKS AND STRESSES

PROGRAMME

Theme Risks/ shocks/

stresses Resilience

Prevention Absorption Adaptation Transforma

tion

Programme integrating resilience

Anticipation

Skills

Page 23: from bounce-back to bounce-forward ability

MSc in International

Disaster

Management

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Partnerships

Médecins San Frontières – Longstanding

partnership with MSF. Dr Rony Brauman, MSF

president between ‘82-’94 is Institute Director.

International Federation of Red Cross and

Red Crescent Societies – Partner in the

delivery of 3 year long distance learning Online

Programme in Global Health.

International Alert – Dan Smith OBE,

Secretary General of International Alert, is HCRI

Professor of Peace and Conflict Studies.

Teaches on MA Peace and Conflict Studies. Photo: Christopher Black/International Federation of Red

Cross and Red Crescent Societies

Page 25: from bounce-back to bounce-forward ability

MSc International Disaster Management

Develops theoretical and practical disaster resilience

Multi-disciplinary approaches

Supports continuing personal development

Prepares for further postgraduate studies

University

Knowledge

Field Practice

Curriculum

Page 26: from bounce-back to bounce-forward ability

MSc Inter Disaster Management Outcomes

Research skills Research, documentation and report writing

Practical skills Risk, vulnerability and resilience/ capacity analyses, policy strategies, contingency planning and business continuity planning

Policy analysis skills Humanitarian policy development and analysis, and humanitarian principles and standards.

Ethical skills Recognition and consideration of ethical issues in humanitarianism

Presentation skills Planning, organising and presenting to wider audiences, using ICT

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SEMESTER ONE

Course

CORE

Disaster Management: Theory and Application

Research and Evaluation Methods

TWO

OPTIONAL

Emergency Humanitarian Assistance

Fundamentals of Epidemiology

Humanitarianism and Conflict Response: Inquiries

Conflict Analysis

Ethics in World Politics

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SEMESTER TWO

Course

CORE

Integrated Preparedness and Response

Climate Change, Disasters and Urban Poverty

TWO

OPTIONAL

Global Health and Food Insecurity

Work Placement

Reconstruction and Development

Democracy Theory and Practice

Human Rights in World Politics

History of Humanitarian Aid

Water Sanitation Planning and Policy in Developing Countries

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DELIVERY

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Events

Conferences, seminars, lectures, book launches and public events

Signing agreement with IFRC

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CONSIDERATIONS

Quality assurance?

Students destinations? Collaboration with policy and

practice?

What are the global and local contexts of risk, shocks and

stresses?

Why your university?

What does your university already have?

Page 32: from bounce-back to bounce-forward ability

Thank You &

Questions

www.hcri.manchester.ac.uk