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Hitler's germany lesson 2 weimar republic 2

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  1. 1. Where did we stop?
  2. 2. Rise of Hitler (1) Favourable Circumstances WR was a coalition government Opposition from left and right wings WR made bad decisions Lost a capable leader/ Great Depression (2) Hitlers own abilities Excellent speaker & charismatic leader Reorganized the Nazi Party Used propaganda Made deals with politicians
  3. 3. Why did the German people support the Nazis? WeimarRepublic Reasons for the Rise of Nazis Weakness of the Weimar Republic
  4. 4. Reasons for the Rise of Nazis Weakness of the Weimar Republic Weaknessof theWeimarRepublic: (c) WR made bad decisions WRshandlingof theRuhrCrisis1923 Printed moremoneytopaydebts Hyper-inflation
  5. 5. Reasons for the Rise of Nazis Weakness of the Weimar Republic Weaknessof theWeimarRepublic: (c) WR made bad decisions WRs handling of the Ruhr Crisis 1923 After the 1st reparation payment, WR claimed that it did not have money to make the 2nd one France sent troops into Ruhr and take her resources e.g. coal
  6. 6. Reasons for the Rise of Nazis Weakness of the Weimar Republic Weaknessof theWeimarRepublic: (c) WR made bad decisions WRs handling of the Ruhr Crisis 1923 The WR responded by instigating a strike of all workers in Ruhr Production of coal AND basic goods stopped
  7. 7. Reasons for the Rise of Nazis Weakness of the Weimar Republic Weaknessof theWeimarRepublic: (c) WR made bad decisions Printed moremoneytopaydebts The WR made the mistake of deciding to print more money to pay the people on strike, but it caused the value of the currency to decrease drastically and the country spiraled into hyperinflation. Hyper-inflation
  8. 8. Prices rose rapidly pensioners could not afford a cup of coffee with their monthly pension People had to spend quickly after they got their pay Why? Many saw their savings and pensions wiped out virtually overnight Think about the price of bread!
  9. 9. Why did the German people support the Nazis? WeimarRepublic Reasons for the Rise of Nazis Weakness of the Weimar Republic
  10. 10. Reasons for the Rise of Nazis Weakness of the Weimar Republic Weaknessof theWeimarRepublic: (d) Lostacapable leader Chancellor Gustav Stresemann Chancellor from August to November 1923 Served as Foreign Minister after that until his death in 1929
  11. 11. Reasons for the Rise of Nazis Weakness of the Weimar Republic Weaknessof theWeimarRepublic: (d) Lostacapable leader Ended Ruhr Crisis 1923 Resumed industrial production Locarno Pact 1925 Eased border tensions between France and Germany LON 1926 How is this significant? Chancellor Gustav Stresemann
  12. 12. Reasons for the Rise of Nazis Weakness of the Weimar Republic Weaknessof theWeimarRepublic: (d) Lostacapable leader Helped to solve HYPERINFLATION PROBLEM Replaced worthless currency with a new currency called Rentenmark Chancellor Gustav Stresemann
  13. 13. Reasons for the Rise of Nazis Weakness of the Weimar Republic Weaknessof theWeimarRepublic: (d) Lostacapable leader Inspired the Dawes (1924) and Young Plan (1929) Dawes Plan USA loaned money to Germany and reparations payments stretched over a longer period Young Plan Reduced further reparations payments Chancellor Gustav Stresemann
  14. 14. Reasons for the Rise of Nazis Weakness of the Weimar Republic Weaknessof theWeimarRepublic: (e) Lostacapable leader Under his leadership, the German people enjoyed a period of economic recovery and peace. The blunders of the WR were temporarily forgotten. Chancellor Gustav Stresemann
  15. 15. Reasons for the Rise of Nazis Weakness of the Weimar Republic Weaknessof theWeimarRepublic: (d) Lostacapable leader During Stresemanns leadership of the WR (1923-1929), the Nazis did very poorly for the Elections. Why? Chancellor Gustav Stresemann
  16. 16. Reasons for the Rise of Nazis Weakness of the Weimar Republic Weaknessof theWeimarRepublic: (d) Lostacapable leader Does this source help explain the reason why the Nazis were unable to gain support from the German people? [5] Stresemann was one of the few really outstanding political figures of the Weimar period and under him, the Republic was well on the road to recovery. To the onlooker, Weimar Germany looked strong and vibrant and life returned to some form of normality for the German people. Extract from a textbook about the situation in Germany from 1924 to 1929
  17. 17. Reasons for the Rise of Nazis Weakness of the Weimar Republic Weaknessof theWeimarRepublic: (d) Lostacapable leader Died of heart attack in 1929 Whatdoyouthink would happentothe Germanpeople? Chancellor Gustav Stresemann
  18. 18. Why did the German people support the Nazis? Weimar Republic Reasons for the Rise of Nazis Weakness of the Weimar Republic
  19. 19. A time when there is a great decrease in business activities with widespread unemployment Began in the U.S.A 24th October 1929: Black Thursday 1920s: time of prosperity -> buying of shares By 1929: many companies were losing money as they were not able to sell their goods -> selling of shares What happens when too many people sell their shares at one shot?
  20. 20. Began in the U.S.A 24th October 1929: Black Thursday By 1929: many companies were losing money as they were not able to sell their goods -> selling of shares Those who bought shares on credit had to sell their possessions to repay banks Many tried to withdraw savings but some banks did not have the money to pay them and had to close down How would you feel if your bank suddenly closed down?
  21. 21. Loss of life savings Increase in number of poor people who were unable to afford goods Companies stop making huge profits Wages of workers cut. Many were also retrenched.
  22. 22. Reasons for the Rise of Nazis Weakness of the Weimar Republic Weaknessof theWeimarRepublic: (e) TheGreat Depression What do you think this means for Germany?
  23. 23. Reasons for the Rise of Nazis Weakness of the Weimar Republic Weaknessof theWeimarRepublic: (e)ImpactoftheGreatDepression Germany relied heavily on USAs loans USA stopped buying from Germany Factories closed Unemployment increased
  24. 24. Why did the German people support the Nazis? Weimar Republic Reasons for the Rise of Nazis Weakness of the Weimar Republic
  25. 25. Reasons for the Rise of Nazis Weakness of the Weimar Republic WR was a coalition government Opposition from left and right wings WR made bad decisions Lost a capable leader The Great Depression Weimar Republic could not manageall these problems
  26. 26. Reasons for the Rise of Nazis Weakness of the Weimar Republic WR was a coalition government Opposition from left and right wings WR made bad decisions Lost a capable leader The Great Depression German peoples support for the Nazis went up German peoples support for political parties of the WR went down
  27. 27. Germanpeople: Lost faith in the Weimar Republic Became easily influenced by extremist politicians WhydidtheGerman peoplesupportthe Nazis?
  28. 28. Adolf Hitler: The Rise of Evil

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