How To Perform Wudu

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  • 1.How to Perform Wudu (Islamic Ablution)
    There are two forms of ablution: the partial ablution (wudu) and the complete ablution (ghusl). In addition, there is a symbolic ablution (tayammum), to be used when no water is available or a person cannot use water because of reasons of health. One should be in a state of purity before performing prayer or reading the Qur'an.
    The following actions or conditions nullify this state of purity and require the partial ablution:
    discharges from the body (urine, stools, gas) the flow of blood or pus from the body vomiting falling asleep becoming intoxicated
    The following actions or conditions require the full ablution:
    sexual intercourse wet dreams the expiration of a women's menstrual period after childbirth
    Wudu, the Partial Ablution
    Declare the intention that this act is for the purpose of worship and purity.
    Wash the hands up to the wrist three times.
    Rinse out the mouth with water three times.
    Cleanse the nostrils of the nose by sniffing water into them three times.
    Wash the whole face three times with both handsfrom the top of the forehead to the bottom of the chin, from ear to ear.
    Wash the right arm three times up to the top of the elbow, then wash the left arm.
    Wipe the whole head from the forehead to the back of the neck one time with a wet hand.
    With wet fingers, wipe the inner sides of the ears with the forefingers and their outer sides with the thumbs.
    Wipe around the neck with wet hands.
    Wipe the two feet up to the ankles, three times, beginning with the right foot. (If shoes and socks or stockings are on and and socks or stockings have been on since last performing the ablution, it is not four hours, the socks or stockings should be removed and the feet washed.)
    Ghusl, the Full Ablution
    Declare the intention that this act is for the purpose of worship and purity.
    Wash the whole bodyincluding nostrils, mouth and head.
    Tayammum, the Symbolic Ablution
    Declare the intention that this act is for the purpose of worship and purity.
    Touch earth, sand, or stone lightly with both hands and then wipe the face with them once as done in the partial ablution. Touch earth, sand, or stone lightly with both hands and then wipe the right arm to the elbow with the left hand and the left arm with the right hand
    How to Perform Salaat
    Before Salaat
    1. Body, clothes and place of prayer must be clean. 2. Perform wudu (ritual ablution) if needed. 3. Women are required to cover their hair. 4. Face the Qibla, the direction of Mecca. 5. Stand erect, head down, hands at sides, feet evenly spaced. 6. Recite Iqama (private call to prayer):

    IqamaAllaahu Akbar (4x) Ashhadu Allah ilaaha illa-Lah (2x) Ash Hadu anna Muhamadar rasuulullah (2x) Hayya' alas Salaah (2x) Hayya' ala Falaah (2x) [Fajr only] A-Salaatu Khayrun Mina-Naum (2x) Qad qaamitis Salaah (2x) [Iqama only - not recited in Athan] Allaahu Akbar (2x) Laa ilaaha illa-LahGod is great. (x4) I bear witness that there none worthy of worship except God. (x2) I bear witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of God. (x2) Come to prayer. (x2) Come to felicity. (x2) [Fajr only] Prayer is better than sleep. (x2) [Iqama only] Our prayers are now ready. Our prayers are now ready. (x2) God is great. (x2) There is none worthy of worship except God.
    7. Express intent to perform Salaat (niyyat):
    I intend to offer _____ rakats of the ____ prayer, and face the Qibla for the sake of Allah and Allah alone. (For example: " I intend to offer the 4 rakats of the Isha prayer and face the Qibla for the sake of Allah and Allah alone." )
    Begin Salaat
    1. Niyyat: Stand with respect and attention; put the world behind you. Bring hands to ears, palms forward, thumbs behind earlobes and say (The entire prayer must be recited in Arabic, but for your information we give the English translation next to the Arabic transliteration) :

    Allahu AkbarGod is great.
    2. Qiyam: Place right hand over left, men below navel, women at chest level; look at the ground in front of you and recite Opening Supplication (optional):

    Subhaana ala humma wa bihamdika wa tabaara kasmuka wa ta'aalaa jadduka wa laa ilaaha ghairuk * * *A'uudhu billaahi minash shaitaan ar-RajeemGlory to You, O Allah, and Yours is the praise. And blessed is Your Name, and exalted is Your Majesty. And there is no deity to be worshipped but You * * *I seek refuge in Allah from Satan, the accursed.
    3. Fatiha: Recite aloud the Fatiha, the first surah of the Qur'an. MP3 RealAudio

    Bismillaah ar-Rahman ar-Raheem Al hamdu lillaahi rabbil 'alameen Ar-Rahman ar-Raheem Maaliki yaumid Deen Iyyaaka na'abudu wa iy yaaka nasta'een Ihdinas siraatal mustaqeem Siraatal ladheena an 'amta' alaihim Ghairil maghduubi' alaihim waladaaleen AameenIn the name of God, the infinitely Compassionate and Merciful. Praise be to God, Lord of all the worlds. The Compassionate, the Merciful. Ruler on the Day of Reckoning. You alone do we worship, and You alone do we ask for help. Guide us on the straight path, the path of those who have received your grace; not the path of those who have brought down wrath, nor of those who wander astray. Amen.

    For the first two rakats at any time of prayer, recite an additional short selection from the Qur'an after al Fatiha.
    4. Ruk'u: Hands drop to sides; bend from waist, palms on knees, back parallel to ground; look at feet.
    (While bending:) Allahu Akbar (While bent:) Subhanna rabbiyal 'Azeem (3x)God is great. Holy is my Lord, the Magnificent.
    5. Qauma: Rise from bending to standing, arms at sides.

    (While rising:) Sami' allaahu liman hamidah (Response from congregation:) Rabbanaa wa lakal hamd (Standing straight, pause:) Allahu AkbarAllah listens to him who praises Him. Our Lord, to You is due all praise. God is great.
    6. Sudjood: Prostratehands on knees, lower slowly to kneeling position; touch forehead, nose and palms to ground (but not elbows); bend toes so tops of feet face the Qibla.

    Subhaana rabbiyal 'Alaa (3x) (Pause:) Allahu AkbarGlory to my Lord, the Most High. God is great.
    7. Qu'ud: Rise to sitting position, looking at lap. Men turn up heel of right foot, right toes bent; women keep both feet, soles up, under body.

    (Pause:) Allahu AkbarGod is great.
    8. Sudjood: Prostrate again.

    Subhaana rabbiyal 'Alaa (3x) (Pause:) Allahu AkbarGlory to my Lord, the Most High. God is great.
    9. Qu'ud: Rise to sitting position;

    pausepause
    10. To proceed to the second and fourth rakats:
    (While rising:) Allahu AkbarGod is great.Return to standing position recite al-Fateha
    Then recite the Fatiha, (if this is the second rakat of any time of prayer, recite another short portion of the Qur'an); continue the second or fourth rakat with Ruku....
    11. To complete every second rakat and the last rakat: Remain seated and recite At-Tashahhud:1

    At Tahiyyaatu lilaahi was Salawaatu wat tayibaatu As Salaamu 'alaika ayyuhan nabiyyu wa rahmatul laahi wa barakaatuh As Salaamu 'alainaa wa 'alaa 'ebaadillaahis saaliheen, (Hands on knees, raise right forefinger:) Ash hadu allaa ilaah ilallaah Wa ash hadu anna Muhammadan 'abduhuu wa rasuuluh All greetings, blessings and good acts are from You, my Lord. Greetings to you, O Prophet, and the mercy and blessings of Allah. Peace be unto us, and unto the righteous servants of Allah. I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah. And I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and messenger.
    To proceed to the third rakat:

    (While rising:) Allahu AkbarGod is great.Return to standing position recite al-Fatiha
    Recite the Fatiha and continue third rakat with Ruk'u....
    At the end of any time of prayer (when all rakats have been completed): Remain seated, recite At-Tashahhud, and then recite the Salawat:

    Allaahumma salli 'alaa Muhammadin wa 'alaa ali Muhammadin Kamaa sallaita 'alaa Ibraaheema wa 'alaa ali Ibraaheema Innaka hameedun Majeed Alaahumma baarik 'ala Muhammadin wa 'alaa ali Muhammadin Kamaa baarakta 'alaa Ibraaheema wa 'alaa ali Ibraaheema Innaka hameedun MajeedO Allah, bless our Muhammad and the people of Muhammad; As you have blessed Abraham and the people of Abraham. Surely you are the Praiseworthy, the Glorious. O Allah, be gracious unto Muhammad and the people of Muhammad; As you were gracious unto Abraham and the people of Abraham. Surely you are the Praiseworthy, the Glorious.
    To Complete the Prayer: Look over right shoulder (toward the angel recording your good deeds), then the left (toward the angel recording your wrongful deeds); say each time:

    As Salaamu 'alaikum wa rahmatulaahPeace and blessings of God be upon you.
    Say personal prayers with hands cupped and palms up at chest level. Wipe face with palms.
    If praying in a group, stand and greet each other individually, saying: " May God receive our prayers."
    1At-Tashahhud is a recreation of the conversation held between Allah and the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessing upon him) during the night of the Heavenly Ascent (Miraj)
    The Basics of the Muslims PrayerGo To TopIntroductionThe five prayers are among the best acts of worship that the Muslim performs. Performing them is the best deed after having the correct belief in God and His Messenger. Prophet Muhammad, may Allah raise his rank, was asked what the best deed was and he said it was performing the obligatory prayers at the beginning of their times (al-Bayhaqiyy):When we say prayers we are referring to an act of worshipping God which has a specific format as God revealed to Prophet Muhammad, may Allah raise his rank. The prophets from Prophet Adam to Prophet Muhammad, may Allah raise their rank, ordered their followers to pray as per Gods orders.Since the prayer is the most important matter of Islam after having the correct belief in God and His Messenger, one must plan his life around the prayer. It would be a great sin to neglect praying when at work if a prayer was required at that time. If a believer is shopping at the mall or waiting at the airport and there is no way to get home or to a mosque, he is still obligated to perform the prayer within its due time instead of purposely leaving out or delaying the prayer. This indicates the importance of the obligatory prayer. Doing the obligatory prayer on time takes priority over other non-obligatory matters.Go To TopChapter 1: Preparations Before PrayingThere are five prayers which are obligatory and rewardable. There are other prayers which are rewardable but optional to perform. The optional prayers require the same preparation as the five required prayers. There are several requirements of the person who performs the prayer. The person praying must be Muslim and must have reached the state of mental discrimination which is usually around seven lunar years (about 6 3/4 solar years).Taharah (Purification)The Muslim must have the proper Taharah (purification) before performing the prayers. This comprises the removal of najas (filthy) substances and performing wudu (ablution) or ghusl (full shower).Removal of Najas (Filthy substances)Islamically, there are substances that are considered filthy and must not be on the persons body, clothes, place of prayer, or even carried when praying. Some of these substances include urine, feces, blood, vomit, pus, and discharges from the penis and vagina, except maniyy (semen and the womans fluid of orgasm) which is not filthy.To clean oneself after urinating and defecating, the person dries himself of all urine with toilet paper after urinating, and then pours water on the areas where the urine was. In the case of defecation, the person is correct if he removes the defecation with toilet paper and then pours water on the stained area to remove the traces. It is also acceptable to use either toilet paper or water only. However, the exclusive use of toilet paper has conditions. The urine must not go beyond the exit area and must not dry there. Also, ones defecation must not spread past the area of the buttocks which comes together when one is standing.Wudu' (Ablution)Allah revealed: : This verse from the Quran means: 0 you who believe, if you stand up for prayer, wash your face and arms up to [and including] the elbows and wet wipe [part of] your head and wash your feet up to [and including] the ankles. (al-Maidah, 6)Wudu' (Ablution) has obligatory and recommended parts. The obligatory parts are those parts which if left out the wudu' is not valid. The recommended parts are those parts which if left out the wudu' would still be valid, but one misses out on that reward. The wudu must be made with water only.How to Perform WuduIt is recommended to say Bismillah (with the Name of Allah) while washing the hands. It is recommended to wash the two hands with the wrists three times (figure-1- ). It is recommended to rinse the mouth three times using the right hand (figure -2- ). Figure-1-Figure-2-It is recommended to draw water into the nose with the right hand and to blow it out of the nose with the left hand three times (figure-3- ). It is an obligation to have the proper intention. When the water touches the first part of your face say in your heart I intend to perform wudu'. It is an obligation to wash your face, from the normal hairline to the chin and from one ear to the other including the hair and skin. The inner part of the mans thick beard is excluded (figure-4- ).If a string was put at the middle of the forehead at the normal hairline and drawn to the top of the ear, then one washes all that would be below that string, both hair and skin, with the ears excluded (figure-4a-4b).It is recommended to wash the face three times. Figure-3-Figure-4-It is an obligation to wash the hands, forearms, and elbows.It is recommended to wash them three times each. Start with the right and then the left (figure-5- ). It is an obligation to wet wipe part of the head, between the normal hairline and the occiput (figure-6- ). Figure-4a-Figure-4b-Figure-5-Figure-6-It is recommended to wet wipe both ears three times (figure-7- ). It is an obligation to wash the feet with the ankles. It is recommended to wash them three times starting with the right foot (figure-8- ). Do the obligatory parts (from step 1 to 10) in the aforementioned order. It is recommended to say a supplication after finishing wudu (see Appendix 1). Figure-7-Figure-8-BenefitIt is preferred to use a small amount of water in wudu and ghusl. It is mentioned in Sahih Muslim that the Messenger of Allah used a mudd (about half a cup) of water for wudu' and a sa^ (about a pint) for ghusl. A mudd is the fill of a pair of average-sized hands cupped together. The sa^ is four mudds. It is also mentioned in Sahih Muslim that the Messenger of Allah used six (6) mudds (about 3 cups) of water for wudu and thirty (30) mudds (about one cup less than a gallon) for ghusl.Invalidators of Wudu'If you have wudu' and any of the matters which invalidate wudu takes place, you must not pray until you make a new wudu' Among the invalidators of wudu' are:1. The emission of any substance from the elimi...