If you were applying for citizenship… U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services – http://www.uscis.gov/portal/site/uscis http://www.uscis.gov/portal/site/uscis

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A New Wave of Immigrants

If you were applying for citizenshipU.S. Citizenship and Immigration Serviceshttp://www.uscis.gov/portal/site/uscis

Would you be a citizen?A New Wave of Immigrants

New ImmigrantsThere will soon be larger towns than any the world has yet known. Frederick Law Olmsted - speaking to a Boston crown about the rapid growth of U.S. cities.

Old and New ImmigrantsOld Immigrants (Before 1880)Great Britain, Germany, Ireland, and ScandanaviaProtestant (except for Irish and some Germans)New Immigrants (1880s)As many immigrants entered the U.S. in the 1880s as had arrived in the years from 1820 to 1860. Southern and Eastern EuropeVarious religionsComing to AmericaWhy come to America?Economic opportunity, religious and political asylum, adventure of a new lifeHow did people get here? Cheap boat tickets in steerage

What were the conditions like in steerage?

Ellis IslandOn the East Coast, millions of immigrants came through! Written tests, interviews, physical examinationsTake a tour of Ellis Island!!!On the West Coast, millions of Asian Immigrants entered through Angel Island!Immigrant LifeMost immigrants settled in large citiesWhat was in large cities for these immigrants?Work / economic opportunitiesOther immigrants from same country

Where did Immigrants Live?Tenements poorly built, over-crowded apartments. I dreamed of the golden stairs leading to the top of the American palace where father was supposed to live. [I] went home to an ugly old tenement in the heart of the lower East Side. There were stairs to climb but they were not golden. New York Tenements

How did Immigrants adjust?

Formed benevolent societies Aid organizations that offered help in cases of sickness, unemployment, or deathAdjusted to American cultureLanguage, customs, etc.Does this happen today???Immigrant workersMany had previously been farmersWhy would it be difficult to be come a farmer when immigrating to a new country, specifically the East Coast of the United States?Found factory jobs in American cities What types of jobs would an unskilled, non English speaking person get?Opposition to Immigration?Why do people oppose immigration today?

Opposition to ImmigrationAnti-immigrant feelings grew along with the rise in immigration in the late 1800s. Racial and religious prejudicesFelt that these new immigrants would not be able to assimilate to American culture well and become good citizens. Taking jobs away from union members in the United StatesOpposition to ImmigrationChinese Exclusion Act1882Banned Chinese people form immigrating to the United States for 10 yearsImmigration Restriction League1894Demanded all immigrants prove they could read and write before entering the countryHomeworkWhat does it mean to be American? What defines us today as American?

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