Japan Patent Statistics - Wegner, Japan Patent Statistics (2012) 3 Overview of Changes Japan has decreased

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  • Japan Patent

    Statistics

    as extracted from the

    2012 Annual Report

    of the

    with an Overview and Tables by

    Harold C. Wegner

    November 24, 2012

  • Wegner, Japan Patent Statistics (2012)

    2

    Contents

    Overview of Changes 3

    Japan Patent Statistics extracted from the 2012 Annual Report 4

    Table I Patent Applications Filed in Japan over a Ten Year Period 4

    Table II Examination Requests for Applications over a Ten Year Period 5

    Table III First Actions for Patent Applications over a Ten Year Period 6

    Table IV Japan Patent Applications by Country of Origin (2011) 7

    Table IV-A Japan Applications from Europe (2011) 8

    Table V Examiners and Appeal Examiners at the JPO 2008-2012 9

    Japan Patent Office 2012 Annual Report (extracts only) pp. 10

    et. seq.

  • Wegner, Japan Patent Statistics (2012)

    3

    Overview of Changes

    Japan has decreased the annual rate of filings from 467,000 (2002) to

    381,000 (2011). See Table I (page 4).

    Japan while reducing total annual filings by 78,000 from 2002 to

    2011 at the same time increased the rate of examination requests from

    56 % to 74 %. See Table II (page 5).

    Over this same period rate of first actions keyed to the number of

    examination requests increased from 91 % to 152 % See Table III

    (page 6).

    Over 80 % of all filings are from local applicants while 90 % of all

    filings are from Japan and the United States. See Tables IV - IV-A

    (pages 7-8).

    Japan has maintained a stable work force. In the five year period

    2008-2012 the work force of roughly 1750 regular examiners increased

    by less than 0.2 percent. See Table V (page 9).

    The numerical composition of the Appeal Board is essentially

    unchanged, while the percentage of Appeal Examiners remains at 18 %

    of the total examining corps. The total has actually dropped by 0.2 %

    over the same five year period. Id.

  • Wegner, Japan Patent Statistics (2012)

    4

    Japan has decreased the annual rate of filings from 467,000

    (2002) to 381,000 (2011):

    Japan Patent Statistics Table I

    Patent Applications Filed in Japan over a Ten Year Period *

    Patent Type 2002 2011 Increase/Decrease

    Regular Patent * 421,044 342,610 minus 78,434

    Utility Model * 8,587 7,984 minus 603

    Design * 37,230 30,805 minus 6,425

    Total 466,861 381,399 minus 85,462 * Data in this line from Japan Patent Office Annual Report (2012), pp. 162-63 [H.C. Wegner, Nov. 23, 2012]

  • Wegner, Japan Patent Statistics (2012)

    5

    Japan while reducing total annual filings by 78,000 from 2002

    to 2011 at the same time increased the rate of examination requests

    from 56 % to 74 %:

    Japan Patent Statistics Table II

    Examination Requests for Applications over a Ten Year Period *

    2002 2011 Increase/Decrease

    Filings **

    421,044 342,610 minus 78,434

    Requests **

    237,345 253,754 plus 16,409

    Requests (as %-age) 56 % 74 % * Regular patents (excluding utility model and design patents). ** Data in this line from Japan Patent Office Annual Report (2012), pp. 162 [H.C. Wegner, Nov. 23, 2012]

  • Wegner, Japan Patent Statistics (2012)

    6

    Over this same period rate of first actions keyed to the number

    of examination requests increased from 91 % to 152 %:

    Japan Patent Statistics Table III

    First Actions for Patent Applications over a Ten Year Period *

    2002 2011 Change

    Requests for Examination **

    237,345 253,754 plus 16,409

    First Actions **

    215,288 386,876 plus 171,588

    First Actions as Percentage

    of Requests for Examination

    91 % 152 %

    * Regular patents (excluding utility model and design patents). ** Data in this line from Japan Patent Office Annual Report (2012), p. 162 [H.C. Wegner, Nov. 23, 2012]

  • Wegner, Japan Patent Statistics (2012)

    7

    Over 80 % of all filings are from local applicants while 90 % of all

    filings are from Japan and the United States.

    Japan Patent Statistics Table IV

    Japan Patent Applications by Country of Origin (2011) Country Filings vs. 2010

    ** %

    ***

    Japan 287,600 minus 1 % 84 %

    United States 23,400 plus 1 % 6.8 %

    Germany 6,800 – 2.0 %

    Korea 5,000 plus 3 % 1.6 %

    France 3,400 plus 1 % 1.0 %

    Netherlands 2,400 plus 5 % 0.7 %

    Switzerland 2,100 minus 4 % 0.6 %

    United Kingdom 1,700 – 0.5 %

    China 1,400 plus 32 % 0.4 %

    Taiwan 1,300 minus 9 % 0.4 %

    Italy 750 plus 3 % 0.2 %

    Canada 750 plus 1 % 0.2 %

    27 Other European States + 2,700 0.8 %

    * Source: Applications by Country of Origin in 2011 (Patents excluding utility models and

    designs), Japan Patent Office Annual Report (2012), page 166. Numbers rounded to nearest 100.

    The original table lists countries alphabetically by country code; here, only countries with at least

    500 filings are listed. (500 filings = 0.15 % of the total Japan filings.) **

    Number provided in JPO report at page 166, supra. ***

    Denominator is the total filings in Japan for 2011 (342610). +

    The twenty-seven European states beyond Germany, France, the Netherlands, Switzerland, the

    United Kingdom and Italy are tabulated in Table IV-A, infra.

    Hal Highlight

    Hal Highlight

    Hal Rectangle

    Hal Line

    Hal Rectangle

  • Wegner, Japan Patent Statistics (2012)

    8

    Japan Patent Statistics Table IV-A

    Japan Applications from Europe (2011) *

    European Country Filings

    % All Filings

    Germany 6,800 2.0

    France 3,400 1.0

    Netherlands 2,400 0.7

    Switzerland 2,100 0.6

    United Kingdom 1,700 0.5

    Italy 753 0.2

    27 Other European States: 2,700 0.8 Austria 464

    Belgium 457

    Denmark 418

    Finland 319

    Spain 226

    Ireland 145

    Norway 143

    Luxembourg 141

    Liechtenstein 101

    Hungary 40

    Slovenia 21

    Poland 21

    Portugal 20

    Czech Republic 20

    Greece 12

    Slovakia 8

    Malta 7

    Others not separately counted: Estonia (5), Latvia(5), Monaco (4), Romania (2),

    Serbia (2), San Marino (1), Lithuania (1), Croatia (1),

    Bulgaria (1), Belarus (0).

    22

    Total European Filings 19,800 5.8 % * The identical source and methodology are used as in Table IV, supra. This Table IV-A explains

    the origin of the entry for “27 Other European States” in Table IV.

  • Wegner, Japan Patent Statistics (2012)

    9

    Japan has maintained a stable work force. In the five

    year period 2008-2012 the work force of roughly 1750 regular

    examiners increased by less than 0.2 percent.

    The numerical composition of the Appeal Board is essentially

    unchanged, while the percentage of Appeal Examiners remains at

    18 % of the total examining corps. The total has actually dropped

    by 0.2 % over the same five year period.

    Japan Patent Statistics Table V

    Examiners and Appeal Examiners at the JPO 2008-2012 *

    Examiners and Appeal Board 2008 2012 Change

    Total Examiners **

    1732 1764 plus 32

    Appeal Examiners ***

    386 387 plus 1

    Total ***

    2118 2151 plus 33

    Appeal Board as Percentage

    of All Examiners

    18.2 % 18.0 % minus 0.2 %

    * Data is taken from Japan Patent Office Annual Report (2012), p. 184. This data does not take into account the large number of contract employees who act as examiners for a fixed period of years, comprised principally of retired corporate patent staff members. **Includes patent, utility model and design examiner totals. ***This figure is slightly skewed because the total apparently includes Appeal