KENYA PORTS AUTHORITY - PMAESA - draft of upto 18 meters Navigable channel of 11km up ... The Kenya Ports Authority is undertaking various measures and projects to address the challenges

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  • Eng. Joseph Atonga. CEng.Eng. Joseph Atonga. CEng.Eng. Joseph Atonga. CEng.Eng. Joseph Atonga. CEng.


    7777thththth December, 2010, at Snow Crest Hotel, ArushaDecember, 2010, at Snow Crest Hotel, ArushaDecember, 2010, at Snow Crest Hotel, ArushaDecember, 2010, at Snow Crest Hotel, Arusha



    Presentation by


  • 1. Introduction

    2. Vision, Mission and Core Values and Business Objectives.

    3 Port Throughput , Container traffic and Deliveries and transit.

    4. Challenges facing the Port

    5. Port Productivity

    6. Overview of key Port Projects for overcoming challenges

    7. Conclusion and Way Forward

  • The Port of Mombasa

  • KPA was established on 20th January,1978 with a mandate to maintain, operate,

    improve and regulate all scheduled seaports along Kenyan coastline

    KPA manages

    Port of Mombasa

    Other small ports: Funzi, Kilifi, Lamu, Malindi, Mtwapa, Shimoni and Vanga

    3 ICDs in Nairobi, Kisumu and Eldoret

    Liaison office in Kampala to cater for transit countries

    The port of Mombasa is the transport and logistics hub for the region serving

    Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Southern Sudan, Eastern DRC, Northern

    Tanzania, Ethiopia and Somalia

    The port is well connected in the region, with over 33 shipping lines calling and

    providing direct connectivity to over 80 ports

    The port plays a major role in facilitating trade and development of East and

    Central Africa region.

  • Vision Vision

    World class seaports of choiceWorld class seaports of choice

    Mission Mission

    To facilitate and promote global maritime trade through To facilitate and promote global maritime trade through the provision of competitive port services the provision of competitive port services

    Core Values

    Customer FocusCustomer FocusIntegrityIntegrityTeamworkTeamwork

    Social ResponsibilitySocial Responsibility

  • Improve Service Delivery and Customer


    Enhance Financial Performance;

    Increase Cargo Throughput;

    Enhanced Labour Productivity;

    Enhance Infrastructural and Capital Developments;


    Manage Business Risks.

  • PORT THROUGHPUT ('M' DWT): 2005 - 2009












    Imports 10.7 11.8 13.1 13.3 16.5

    Exports 2.3 2.3 2.5 2.7 2.5

    Transhipment 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.1

    Total Throughput 13.3 14.4 16.0 16.4 19.1

    2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

  • 0














    2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

    438,597 436,671


    585,367615,733 618,816



  • Deliveries: 2004 - 2009 (TEUs)

  • a) External Factorsa) External Factorsa) External Factorsa) External Factors

    High GDP growth

    Growing trade

    Increased globalization of world economy

    Integration of regional economies (EAC, COMESA)

    Political Stability

  • Provision of 24/7 operations

    Increased investment on port equipment and infrastructure

    Improved operations and terminal productivity

    Improved shipping links with other countries especially Asian

    Automation of port operations

    Increased ship sizes

  • Rapid increase in traffic especially container traffic

    Inadequate cargo handling capacity

    Shallow draught

    Poor and inadequate hinterland transport

    Piracy and Insecurity

    Underutilization of ICDs

    Non-tariff barriers

    Numerous cargo interveners

    Long Documentation procedures

  • Some of the measures of productivity are:

    Crane Productivity measured in moves per hour

    Ship productivity

    Yard capacity- Dwell time and storage capacity

    Gate performance:- Truck turnaround time

  • Inadequate berthing capacity

    Inadequate stacking capacity

    Equipment inadequacy

    Processes, Information and data flow

    Long Documentation processes

    Labour /union

  • Shipping lines: Faster Vessel turnaround

    Port Authority: Equipment optimization

    Terminal efficiency,

    Reduced congestion,

    Increased earnings

    Customers:- Lower costs of trade

    Cargo dwell time: Lowered due to improved off-take

    Country:- Improved competitiveness and economic development

  • Kenyas Vision 2030 is a new development blueprint that aims at transforming the country into a newly industrializing middle income country providing a high quality of life to its entire population by year 2030

    The vision pillars are: economic, social, political

    The vision for infrastructure sector is: to provide cost effcetive, world class infrastructure facilities and services insupport of vision 2030.

    Some of the strategies include modernizing and expanding seaport facilities, enhancing PPPs in infrastructure developments

  • Continuous Equipment Modernization

    National Single Window

    Dredging of Mombasa port

    New modern container terminal

    Development of berth 19

    Freeport and Free trade zone at Dongo Kundu

    Conversion of berths 11-14 into container berths

    Second commercial seaport in Lamu

    Flagship Projects to support Vision 2030Flagship Projects to support Vision 2030Flagship Projects to support Vision 2030Flagship Projects to support Vision 2030

  • Bring all cargo interests under one platform

    Speed up cargo clearance and delivery process

    Enable the Port to fully achieve its E-Port status

    Funded by the World Bank

    Being developed jointly by KPA and Kenya Revenue Authority

  • 10 New RTGs

    10 New RTGs were delivered on 24th November, 2010.

    3 No: New Ship to shore to be delivered in August 2011

    2 No: Mobile Harbour Cranes to be delivered in May 2010

    8No: New Reachstackers and 24 No: Terminal Tractors to be acquired by May 2011.

  • The project involves dredging and widening of Navigation Channel , turning basins, along existing berths and ancillary works such as installation of Aids to Navigation, Tide Gauge and acquisition of Tide Prediction Software.

    Main Channel, turning basin and new container terminal to be dredged to -15m. Target Post- Panamx container vessels of 4500 Teus 14.5 meters draft,

  • Berth 20 will be 12m deep. Berths21,22 will be 15m and berth23 will be 12.5 meters deep.

    Designed by Japan Port consultants

    West of Kipevu oil terminal Develop a new container terminal with 1.2million TEUs capacity

    Detailed designs completed. Tendering for construction is ongoing

    Environmental impact assessment completed

    Project affected persons to be compensated

    First phase expected to be ready by 2015

  • The project involves the reconstruction of a conventional cargo berth into container berth and the redevelopment of the yard area into a container terminal. Berths 11- 14 were originally designed as conventional cargo berths with sheds behind them.

    Sheds 12-14 have been demolished to create room for container ships to dock and discharge containers using their own gears.

    Privatisation commission is to advice on how this section of the port should be operated under the Public Private Partnership (PPP)

  • Berth 19 160meters

    Berths 11-14 through BOT

  • Increase current container quay length from 600 to 760 meters and yard capacity by constructing berth number 19.

    It is estimated that the project will cost about KSh3.4 billion

  • Development of free port

    facilities on 3,000 acres of land

    owned by KPA thru PPPs.

    Government of Singapore has

    pledged to support the project

    A technical agreement

    between Kenya and Singapore


  • 1975 Study identified the potential of Manda Bay as a second port with:

    At least 15km key length Deep draft of upto 18 meters Navigable channel of 11km up

    to 1.8km wide Ample land for at least 400

    meters apron Ample land for Free Trade


  • The 2nd Port will:

    Ease congestion at the port of Mombasa;

    Provide the country with an alternative gateway for seaborne traffic.

    Provide an alternative route linking the coast to transit countries and improve transit transport efficiency to and from emerging markets of Southern Sudan and Ethiopia

    Open a new transport corridor; the LAPSSET Corridor

    Harness the regions economic potential by opening up the coastal and neighboring regions to economic and social development opportunities

  • No Type of Ship

    Berth Dimension 2012 2030

    Length Depth Berth Nos. Berth Nos.

    1 Container Ship

    100,000 dwt

    400 m 16 m 1400 m

    62,400 m

    2 General Cargo Ship30,000 dwt

    240 m 12 m 1240 m


    3 Bulk Cargo Ship

    100,000 dwt

    330 m 17.5 m 1330 m


    4 Crude Oil Carrier

    200,000 dwt

    22m - 2

    5 Oil Product Carrier

    30,000 dwt

    230 m 12 m - 1

    6 Coal Carrier30,000 dwt

    240 m 14 m - -

  • The Kenya Ports Authority is undertaking various measures and projects to address the chall


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