Universitatea Spiru Haret Facultatea de Psihologie si Stiintele educatiei
Limba engleza I sinteza
Anul I semestrul 1 An universitar: 2017 - 2018
Lector univ dr. Ana Munteanu
Obiectivele generale ale cursului de Limba engleza I
Dobndirea competenei orale i competenei scrise n limba
englez; Dezvoltarea fondului lexical de baza si a structurilor
Integrarea cunotinelor i a deprinderilor lingvistice i de interpretare n diferite situaii de comunicare.
Obiectivele specifice ale ccursului de Limba engleza I
Prin audierea, nsuirea problemelor dezbtute i prin promovarea acestui curs, cursanii vor fi capabili:
- s-i dezvolte abilitile de comprehensiune oral i scris; - s reacioneze n mod adecvat la diferite tipuri de texte i contexte; - s identifice ideile centrale ale unui text scris sau oral; - s recunoasc referinele culturale din textele studiate, s realizeze
comparaii; - s selecteze i s sintetizeze informaia necesar dintr-un text dat; - s aplice n mod practic cunotinele de gramatic dobndite n
cadrul cursului; - s-i perfecioneze ortografia prin exerciii practice; - s-i dezvolte vocabularul; - s-i exprime propriile opinii n mod corect, fluent i coerent n
limba englez; - s exerseze conversaii/dialoguri pe teme specifice meseriei.
Bibliografie obligatorie Barbu A., Chirimbu S., English Language for Daily Use, Bucuresti, Editura Fundatiei Romnia de Mine, 2006/2009. Munteanu A, Step by Step, Editura Alma Mater, Sibiu, 2011. Voakes, Greg, The 5 Highest Paying Jobs You Can Get With A Psychology Degree, Business Insider, the online edition, at http://www.businessinsider.com/the-5-highest-paying-jobs-you-can-get-with-a-psychology-degree-2011-9 (last accessed on 25th May 2017) Lynne, Body Language, English Magazine, the online edition, at http://english-magazine.org/english-reading/english-language-articles/919-body-language (last accessed on 25th May 2017) Bibliografie facultativa Costache I, Ghid de conversatie si civilizatie romn-englez, Bucuresti, Editura Aramis, 2005. Bonner, M., Fuchs, M., Focus on Grammar. High intermediate, Longman, 2000. Heathfield, D., Spontaneous Speaking: Drama Activities for Confidence and Fluency. DELTA Publishing, 2005. Munteanu A., General English, Editura Fundaiei Romnia de Mine, Bucureti, 2012. Prodromou, Luke, Grammar and Vocabulary for First Certificate, Longman, 2010. Doyle, Alison, What is a letter of application? at https://www.thebalance.com/what-is-a-letter-of-application-2062031 (last accessed on 5th May 2017) Rebecca, How to talk about your career at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sFp5LPJ69EI (last accessed on 5th MAy 2017) Cuprins
I. General Language II. Grammar III. Exercises IV. Information about the exam
I. General Language
Success in ones life and career depends to a great extent on ones ability to communicate effectively. The first impression one makes is important so we should know certain rules of greeting, of presenting oneself and of having a brief opening conversation.
1. Read the following dialogue and try to make up a
similar one taking place between your family and your new colleague, Diana.
Tom Black: How do you do! My name is Tom Black. Diana Smith: Pleased to meet you, Tom. I am Diana Smith. Tom Black: Nice to meet you, Diana. I am a new civil servant. This is my first day. Diana Smith: Im a new civil servant as well. This is my first day, too. Tom Black: Lets ask the secretary to tell Mr Jhonson were here. Diana Smith: Yes, all right. Tom Black: Good morning.. Secretary: Good morning. Tom Black: My names Tom Black. This is Diana Smith. Were new civil servants. Today is our first day. Will you please tell Mr Jhonson were here? Secretary: Certainly - one moment please... (on phone ) Good morning, Mr Jhonson. Mr Black and Ms Smith are here. They are new civil servants. Today is their first day ... Yes, all right, Ill send them up (puts down the receiver)... Will you please go up to Mr Jhonsons office? Its number 11, on the first floor. Diana Smith: Thank you. Tom Black: Thanks very much. Secretary: Thats all right!
Mr Jhonson (when the two young people come into his office he gets up and shakes hands with them): How do you do, Ms Smith. How do you do, Mr Black. My name is Jhonson. Diana: How do you do, Mr Johnson. Tom: How do you do, Mr Johnson. Mr Jhonson: Please sit down. Welcome. I hope youre going to enjoy working for us. Diana: Thank you. Tom: Thank you very much. Mr Jhonson: Would you like a cup of coffee? Diana: Not for me, thank you. I dont drink coffee. Mr Jhonson: How about you, Mr Black? Tom: Yes, please. Mr Jhonson: Now, have you any questions? Tom: Who is the head of the Department we will work with? Mr Jhonson: Mrs Turner is in charge there. Diana: Is there a staff canteen? Mr Jhonson: Yes, there is. Its a very good one. Its on the ground floor. Now, my secretary is going to take you to your new offices. Good luck to you both! Tom: Thank you, Mr Jhonson. Good bye. Diana: Thank you. Good bye, Mr. Jhonson. Mr. Johnson: Good bye.
2. Read the text and answer the following questions:
a. Why is it natural for Diana and Tom to use each others first names from the first meeting? b. How does Diana answer to Toms How do you do? c. What informal greetings does the text mention? d. Do English people shake hands whenever they meet? Why (not)?
Informal greetings Tom and Diana are young people of the same age and
background and it is natural for them to use each others first
names as soon as they meet. When Tom first speaks to Diana he uses the conventional phrase How do you do. It is quite usual for both parties to an introduction to say How do you do and to shake hands, and no further greeting is necessary. But many people, young people in particular, prefer to use the less formal Pleased to meet you, Nice to know you or just Hello when meeting others of their own age. How do you do is always correct and when you first go to England you should use this form of greeting until you become familiar with English habits. It is not customary in England to shake hands with friends and colleagues whom we meet frequently, either socially or at work.
Do Romanian people shake hands when they meet? Why (not)?
3. Tom is from the United Kingdom and English is his
mother tongue. He is British. Study these.
Country Nationality Australia Australian Belgium Belgian Brazil Brazilian
Denmark Danish France the French = the people of France
Frenchwoman/Frenchman Germany German Greece Greek Japan Japanese
Portugal Portuguese Romania Romanian
Switzerland Swiss Turkey Turkish
The Netherlands Dutchwoman/Dutchman Pakistan Pakistani
4. What are the nationalities from these countries? Put them in the correct group below.
Australia, South Africa, Spain, Poland, Canada, Italy, China, Taiwan, Sweden, Hungary, Ireland
-ish -ese -n -ian
6. We refer to different nationalities in the following ways: the British, British people, people from Britain
Language focus With nationality nouns ending in sh, -ch, -ss, or ese, we use the. With all other nationality nouns except the Scots we use zero article.
For more information read the grammar compendium. Fill in the blanks with the where necessary.
1. Japanese tend to eat a lot more fish than British. 2. Chinese have an interesting way of eating eggs. 3. French tend to drink a lot of wine. 4. We have a group of Germans staying at the hotel. 5. English dont eat as much rice as Scots. 6. I adore Italian food.
7. Talking about yourself Say a few words about yourself (personal details and
interests). Use the Language box to help you.
Language box: Talking about yourself Im / My names
Im 25 years old. Im from I was born in and/but I live in/near Im married/single. I have children. Im interested in (+ V-ing); Im good at (+ V-ing) I like (+ V-ing) I play
8. My name is Munteanu Ana. How do you spell it, please? / Can you spell that for me? M-U-N-T-E-A-N-U A-N-A [em ju: en ti: i: ei en ju: ei en ei] Spell these names: Maria, Ion, Bianca, Andropov, Cervantes, Wingers, Baysun, Dropper. 9. To be este folosit pentru:
exprimarea vrstei: How old are you? Im 20 (years old). How old is your son? He is 12. He is 12 years old. How old are your children? They are both 11.
exprimarea preului: How much is this book? Its 2 dollars.
How much are these shoes? They are 100 dollars. Expresii compuse cu verbul to be:
to be hungry (a-i fi foame), to be thirsty (a-i fi sete), to be cold (a-i fi frig), to be hot (a-i fi foarte cald), to be warm (a-i fi cald), to be right (a avea dreptate), to be wrong (a nu avea dreptate, a grei), to be late (a ntrzia), to be early (a veni/ ajunge devreme), to be sorry (a-i prea ru).
Work in pairs. Ask your partner if s/he is thirsty/warm/right. Find out how old s/he is.
In English we do not normally leave out subject pronouns.
The possessive adjective replaces the person who possesses something and determines the noun that expresses the object which is possessed.
For more information read the grammar compendium. 10. Choose the correct word:
1. Tom (am/is) a teacher. 2. (-/It) is a nice day. 3. Diana (is/are) right. 4. Mr Dobrovets is from Russia. He is (Russian/Russish). 5. How old (have/are) you? 6. I (am/have) 32 years old. 7. Wheres (he/they) from? 8. Can you spell that for (me/my)? 9. This is his book. It is (there/here). 10. That is their car. It is (there/here).
2. DAILY DUTIES
Do you work in a company or work from home?
1. Read the following text and underline the prepositions of place.
Every afternoon I sit at my desk to work, to search the Internet and write emails. Several times a day, I am on the phone which is right in the middle of the desk. The printer in the right corner helps me a lot to get the materials for my work. Next to it, there is a modern monitor. In front of the printer I have many phone books. There are lots of pictures and post cards on the notice board. Above it, I keep a large world map. A file cabinet stands beside my desk. I love plants, so you can find a red rose in a pot between the monitor and the framed family picture.
2. Now make sentences about your desk using some of the
prepositions underlined. Begin: Theres a / an ... There isnt a / an .... There are some ... There arent any ...
Use there is /there are to say things exist or not. e.g. There isnt a fax here. Also, use there when you talk about something for the first time, and it for details. e.g. Theres a rose on the desk. Its red. 3. Read the text and use it to write about you.
During the week Helen gets up at seven oclock. She washes and combs her hair. Then she dresses. She feeds her pet, Domino, a very nice cat. She has breakfast at seven thirty. She drinks a cup of coffee and eats bread and butter and eggs. At a quarter to eight she goes to university. There she meets her friends and talks with them about teachers, new subjects, future jobs, fashion and music. She sometimes listens to the teachers explanations. When they ask questions, the students usually answer. They are often quiet. When they are not, the teacher says, Pay attention!
While she is away, her cat is alone at home. In the middle of the morning Domino visits his friend, Mrs Tucker. She usually gives him something nice to eat. In the afternoon he sleeps. Hes got a secret place on top of the garden shed. Half past five is Dominos dinner time. He usually has cat food from a tin. In the evening he watches TV. He likes wildlife programmes.
On Monday, Tuesday, Thursday and Friday, Helen goes home at four oclock. Wednesday is sports afternoon and Helen goes swimming. She watches TV from seven to eight. She has dinner at eight oclock. She usually eats meat and potatoes and fruit. When she has a cold or when she has no appetite, she just drinks some tea.
After dinner she watches TV or listens to music or meets some friends. She goes to bed at around ten oclock. She usually sleeps well, but she sometimes has nightmares.
4. Read the text again. Are these statements true or false?
Correct any false statements. a. Helen never wakes up early in the morning. b. Domino is Mrs Tuckers cat. c. Half past five is Helens dinner time. d. Helen always has bad dreams.
We use the Present Simple for regular activities and situations. Affirmative: S + V; S(3rd, sg) + V-s
Negative: S + do+not + V; S(3rd, sg) + does+not + V Interrogative: Do + S + V?; Does + S(3rd, sg) + V?
For more information read the grammar compendium. 4. Complete the sentences with the correct form of the
verb in brackets. 1. Tom (not/work) .. on Sundays. 2. Her neighbour (give) ..... Domino some milk every day. 3. Where you (work)? 4. The hotel (not/offer) room service after 11 pm. 5. We (watch) TV from seven to eight.
5. Ask questions to the underlined words. See the example.
e.g. Mary likes cats. Who likes cats? Mary likes cats. What does Mary like? a. Tom drinks tea. b. Tom drinks tea. c. An elephant eats grass. d. An elephant eats grass. e. Sara does her homework. f. Sara does her homework. g. Her uncle plays football. h. Her uncle plays football.
6. Write a question for each answer:
a) How is your sister? Shes fine, thank you. b) It takes me half an hour to get to
work. c) Id have some coffee, please.
d) Two, English and French.
e) The 21st of October.
f) 5 euros and 50 cents.
g) Its half past ten sharp.
h) How do you do. i) Im a consultant.
j) J-o-n-a-t-h-a-n 7. Unscramble the sentences.
e.g. use/I/phone/mobile/day/every/my I use my mobile phone every day. a. boils/water/100/at/degrees b. to/very/upset/she/appears/be c. Tom/has/always/at/lunch/noon d. he/slowly/does/work? e. usually/her/takes/Diana/sugar/coffee/with
Language focus: Adverbs of frequency go after the verb be
e.g. We are usually busy in the morning. go before the main verb (others than be)
e.g. Our customers never complain. He usually has cat food from a tin.
8. Work in pairs. Write five sentences about your partner,
using: always, usually, often, sometimes, never. 9. Put in on, at or in:
a. Tom goes to school the morning. b. Elephants sleep night. c. the afternoon he does his homework. d. We have lunch noon. e. He has English Friday.
10. Work in pairs. Ask your partner if s/he:
a. speaks German b. uses a computer c. works d. attends a language course e. drinks coffee f. travels a lot e.g. Do you speak German? Yes, I do. / No, I dont. Now report the answers to the group. e.g. She speaks German. / She doesnt speak German.
11. Complete the followin...