M16A1 Rifle, TOW, and DRAGON Weapon Systems

  • View
    217

  • Download
    0

Embed Size (px)

Transcript

  • ARI Research Note 86-11

    LITERATURE REVIEW--ARMY TRAINING:

    Q M16A1 RIFLE, TOW, AND DRAGON WEAPON SYSTEMS

    MRobert J. Smillie and Thomas E. Chitwood, Jr.ww " Mellonics Systems Development Division

    Litton Systems, Inc.

    (0

    DTIC1AZLECTE 1

    for ~ JUNO 2

    S D

    ARI Field Unit at Fort Benning, Georgia

    TRAINING RESEARCH LABORATORYSeward Smith, Acting Director

    tL

    U. S. Army

    Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences

    January 1986%

    .%

    Approved for Public release; distribution unlimited.

    .86 0 2 049W" " "-"- - " - " " .1

    j" "-- " ". "-% "- "- P "' % "%" ,. " % %"-" " % '%"'.' "'" "' ' . '' % ";'" "',." "."

  • U. S. ARMY RESEARCH INSTITUTE

    FOR THE BEHAVIORAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCES

    A Field Operating Agency under the Jurisdiction of the

    Deputy Chief of Staff for Personnel

    WM. DARRYL HENDERSON

    EDGAR M. JOHNSON COL, IN

    Technical Director Commanding

    .'

    This report, as submitted by the contractor. has been cleared for release to Defense Technical Information CenterI(DTIC) to comply with regulatory requirements. It has been given no primary distribution other then to DTICand will be available only through DTIC or other reference services such as the National Technical InformationService (NTIS). The views. opinions, ind/of findings contained in this repon are those of the author(s1 and

    * should not be construed as an off icial Depot tmen of the Army position, policy, or decision, unless so designated* by other official documentation. %

    *4*.. . . .. *- ,% 4 . . . . ***i,, -.. *.,' * * . , . -. .. , . , . . . , . ,".. ,. ., .- * . . .

  • UNCLASSIFIEDSECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF THIS PAGE (Wherl Date En.red)

    REPORT DOCUMENTATION PAGE READ DISTRUCTIONSBEFORE COMPLETING FORM

    1. REPORT NUMBER 2. GOVT ACCESSION NO B. RECIPIENT'S CATALOG NUMBER

    ARI Research Note 86-11

    4. TITLE (and Subtitle) S. TYPE OF REPORT & PERIOD COVEREDLITERATURE REVIEW -- ARMY TRAINING: Interim ReportM16A1 Rifle, TOW, and DRAGON Weapon Systems October 76 - October 77

    S. PERFORMING ORG. REPORT NUMBER

    7. AUTHOR(a) 4. CONTRACT OR GRANT NUMBER(*.

    Robert J. Smillie and Thomas E. Chitwood, Jr. DAHC 19-77-C-0011

    9. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME AND ADDRESS 10. PROGRAM ELEMENT, PROJECT. TASKMellonics Systems Development Division, AREA & WORK UNIT NUMMERS

    Litton Systems, Inc., P.O. Box 2498 2Q263743A773Fort Benning, Georgia 31905

    11. CONTROLLING OFFICE NAME AND ADDRESS 12. REPORT DATE

    ARI Field Unit at Fort Benning, Georgia January 1986P.O. Box 2086, Is. NUMBER OF PAGESFort Benning, Georgia 31905 236

    14. MONITORING AGENCY NAME & ADORESS(II dilferent ftrw Controlling Office) 15. SECURITY CLASS. (of thi report)U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioraland Social Sciences, 5001 Eisenhower Avenue, UnclassifiedAlexandria, Virginia 22333-5600 1s. DECLASSIFICATION/ DOWNGRADING

    SCHEDULE

    IS. DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT (ot chi* Report)

    Approved for public release; distribution unlimited.

    17. DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT (of the abstract entered In Block 20. It dlfferent hmw Report)

    IS. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES

    Seward Smith, contracting officer's representative.

    1. KEY WORDS (Continue on reveree side If necessary end Identify by block number)

    Collective Training Ml6AI Rifle MTrainee SelectionDragon Measures of Effectiveness Trainee Content/Hardware Measures of Performance Training Criteria,Hardware Demands -4 Threat) Training Devices.

    AIndividual Training,\ Training Effectiveness Analysis) TOW

    21. ABSTRACT (Cothwae reverse aid it meary mad Idinity by block number)

    --,,bA literature review and annotated bibliography were compelled to provide anintroduction to the three Infantry weapon systems (MI6A1 Rifle, TOW, and DRAGONantitank guided missles), considering the three subsystems (training criteria,training content, and trainee selection) within each system's training course.Two hundred sixty-six documents were identified and abstracted: of these, onehundred five are variously cited in the review narrative. The review describesand discusses the hardware, the hardware demands on the operator, current

    (over)

    147 EDITION OF IMOV S5 IS OBSOLETE UNCLASSIFIEDSECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF TMIS PAGE (When Date Entrd)

    'S. .' S. 9 * ,..... . ~9% *,.. %*

  • UNCLASSIFIED

    SECURITY LASSIFICATION OF THIS PAGE(Whm Dat n .em.

    ARI Research Note 86-11

    20. ABSTRACT (continued)

    7 training programs, training criteria, measures of effectiveness, and training

    devices. The review showed that the current training for each weapon system (1)

    lacks continuity between institutional and unit training, (2) has no correla-

    tion between training device proficiency and operational equipment proficiency,

    and (3) has no validated training program. It was concluded that training for

    the M16AI, TOW, and DRAGON can be effective only if complete training effect-

    iveness analyses (TEAs) are conducted for each weapon system.

    fr

    UNCLASSIFIEDiiSECURITY CL.ASSIFICATION OF THIS PAGrft~en Date Entered)

    . ...4., . , " .,, ' ' .. '4, ., . " , " ", i , ", . " - " , , -_,_ . " , " . _

  • SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF THIS PAGE (When Dot. Entered)

    REPORT DOCUMENTATION PAGE READ INSTRUCTIONSBE'FORE COMPL.ETIN G FORM1. REPORT NUMBER t2. GOVT ACCESSION NO S. RECIPIENT'S CATALOG NUMBER

    4. TITLE (antd Subids) S. TYPE OF REPORT & PERIOD COVERED

    S. PERFORMINGONG. REPORT NUMBER

    7. AUTNOR(a) 8. CONTRACT OR GRANT NUMBER(b)

    S. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME AND ADDRESS 10. PROGRAM ELEMENT. PROJECT. TASKAREA & WORK UNIT NUMBERS

    II. CONTROLLING OFFICE NAME AND ADDRESS 12. REPORT DATE

    13. NUMBER OF PAGES

    14. MONITORING AGENCY NAME & ADDRESS(I dlffereit from Controlind Office) 15. SECURITY CLASS. (of this report)

    %So. DECL ASSIFICATION/DOWN GRADINGSCHEDULE

    IS. DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT (of tis Report)

    17. DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT (of the abserct mntered in Stock 20. ft diforent frn Report)

    I. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES

    IS. KEY WORDS (Continue on reveree side I flnecoee.ry Md Identity by block number)

    20. AmIRACT (Cbee tma reverse .fd If nrc.eer aw[ identtfy by block number)

    DO t AM 1473 EDITION Or I NOV 65 IS OBSOLETESECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF TillS PAGE rWhen -Date Entered)

    . .

    . . . . _ L-. r ,,i .a . , -, , - . -, , - -.. >'., .-..... .- .-.- . - .. -

  • FOREWORD

    This report is one of a series on the research support provided by theMellonics Systems Development Division of Litton Systems, Inc., to the ArmyResearch Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences (ARI) underContract Number DAHC 19-77-C-00-1. The report, as submitted, is a part ofthe final report of the total contractual support effort; it will beincorporated into that report by reference.

    As set forth in the Contract Statement of Work, the Mellonics effortincludes support to the Training Effectiveness Analysis (TEA) program, aresearch effort focusing on the analysis of training effectiveness for eachof three weapon systems: M16A] Rifle, TOW, and Dragon. This reportreviews the literature of the three weapon systems and provides anannotated bibliography (266 references) of those systems.

    AcCesion For

    NTIS CRAMIDTiC TAB

    Unannounced 0Justication .. ....... . -

    ,By

    ," Availbility ^W"

    M a0M IP

    r- 2-[ A-1

    ,,,,| 0A

    ' "'-''dun' ~ i '~dl ~dl-'a----db~t- uim i ... ' " ,"' "') ' -*(' D-3-0

  • t~ __- ,. . . . . . , o o ... . . . . . . . . . . .7 .

    *L

    ABSTRACT

    A literature review and annotated bibliography was compiled to providean introduction to the three Infantry weapon systems (m16Al Rifle,.TOW,and Dragon antitank guided missiles) considering the three subsystems(trai'ning criteria, training content, and trainee selection) within each

    * system. Two hundred sixty-six (266) documnents were identified and abstracted.Of these, one hundred five (105) are variously cited in the reviewnarrative. The review describes and discusses the hardware, hardwaredemands on the operator, current training programs, training criteria,measures of effectiveness, and training devices. The review showed that thecurrent training for each weapon system (1) lacks continuity between

    * institutional and unit training, (2) has no correlation between trainingdevice proficiency and operational equipment proficiency, and (3) has no

    * validated training program. It was concluded that training for the M16AI,TOW, and Dragon can be effective only if complete training effectivenessanalyses (TEAs) are conducted for each weapon system.

    .. 4

    4."

    iv

    %.

  • TABLE OF CONTENTS

    INTRODUCTION 1

    Background I

    Method 6

    MI6Ai RIFLE 8

    Description of System 8

    Ha rdwa re 8

    Hardware Demands on Operator 8

    Threat 9

    Measures of Effectiveness 10 NTraining Criteria 10

    Measures of performance 10

    Individual training standards 12

    Collective training standards 13

    Training Content 13

    InJividual training 14

    Individual training in units 17

    Collective training in units 21

    Training Devices 22

    Rimfire adapter 22

    Wea ponee r 22

    Lasertrain 23 rTrainee Selection 24

    Summary 25

    Research Findings 25

    Threat 25

    Measures of Effectiveness 28

    Training Criteria 28

    Training Content and Methods 29

    Training Devices 31

    Trainee Selection 32

    Summary 32

    Major Training Problems 32

    Major Research Findings and Needs 34

    .V

  • PageTOW HEAVY ANTITANK WEAPON SYSTEM 36