Malawi: Blantyre Urban Profile

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    Regional and Technical Cooperation Division

    MALAWI:

    BLAN YRE URBAN PROFILE

    INSER PIC URE

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    Copyright United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-HABI A ), 2011 All rights reserved

    United Nations Human Settlements Programme publications can be obtained fromUN-HABI A Regional and Information Offices or directly from:P.O. Box 30030, GPO 00100 Nairobi, Kenya.Fax: + (254 20) 762 4266/7E-mail: unhabitat@unhabitat.org

    Website: http://www.unhabitat.org

    Tis Blantyre report and project was prepared and managed by the Late Dalitso Mpoola, Costly Chanza, Fred Nankuyu,Hilary Kamela, the Late Marcel Kaunda, Alex Chirambo, Lucky Kabanga, Mavuto D. embo, Dominic Kamlomo, and

    John Chome in Malawi.

    Tis report was also managed by Kerstin Sommer, Alain Grimard, David Kithakye, Mathias Spaliviero, and Doudou Mbyein Nairobi.

    HS Number: HS/085/11E

    ISBN Number(Volume): 978-92-1-132377-1

    DISCLAIMER

    Te designation employed and the presentation of the material in this publication do not imply the expression of anyopinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory,

    city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries, or regarding its economic systemor degree of development. Te analysis, conclusions and recommendations of the report do not necessarily reect the viewsof the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-HABI A ), the Governing Council of UN-HABI A or itsMember States. Tis document has been produced with the nancial assistance of the European Union. Te views expressedherein can in no way be taken to reect the official opinion of the European Union.

    Excerpts from this publication may be reproduced without authorisation, on condition that the source is indicated.

    Photo credits: UN-HABI A

    ACKNOWLEDGEMEN S

    Design and Layout: Florence Kuria

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    FOREWORDS 5

    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 8

    BACKGROUND 10

    GOVERNANCE 15

    SLUMS AND SHELTER 17

    GENDER AND HIV/AIDS 20

    ENVIRONMENT AND URBAN DISASTER RISKS 22

    LOCAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT 25

    BASIC URBAN SERVICES 28

    LAND 33

    PROJECT PROPOSALS

    GOVERNANCE 35

    SLUMS AND SHELTER 37

    GENDER AND HIV/AIDS 39

    ENVIRONMENT AND URBAN DISASTER RISKS 41

    LOCAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT 44BASIC URBAN SERVICES 46

    LAND 52

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    MALAWI:BLAN YRE URBAN PROFILE

    UNITED NATIONS HUMAN SETTLEMENTS PROGRAMMEREGIONAL AND TECHNICAL COOPERATION DIVISION

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    F O R E W O R D S

    FOREWORDS

    According toresearch publishedin UN-HABI A s1 agship report, TeState of the WorldsCities 2010-2011,all developingregions, includingthe African,Caribbean andPacic states, willhave more peopleliving in urban thanrural areas by theyear 2030. Withhalf the worldspopulation already living in urban areas, the challenges

    we face in the battle against urban poverty, our quest forcities without slums, for cities where women feel safer,for inclusive cities with power, water and sanitation,and affordable transport, for better planned cities, andfor cleaner, greener cities is daunting.

    But as this series shows, there are many interestingsolutions and best practices to which we can turn. Afterall, the gures tell us that during the decade 2000 to2010, a total of 227 million people in the developingcountries moved out of slum conditions. In other

    words, governments, cities and partner institutions havecollectively exceeded the slum target of the MillenniumDevelopment Goals twice over and ten years ahead ofthe agreed 2020 deadline.

    Asia and the Pacic stood at the forefront of successfulefforts to reach the slum target, with all governmentsin the region improving the lives of an estimated 172million slum dwellers between 2000 and 2010.

    In sub-Saharan Africa though, the total proportion ofthe urban population living in slums has decreased byonly 5 per cent (or 17 million people). Ghana, Senegal,Uganda, and Rwanda were the most successful countriesin the sub-region, reducing the proportions of slumdwellers by over one-fth in the last decade.Some 13 per cent of the progress made towards theglobal slum target occurred in Latin America and theCaribbean, where an estimated 30 million people havemoved out of slum conditions since the year 2000.

    Yet, UN-HABI A estimates conrm that the progressmade on the slum target has not been sufficient to counterthe demographic expansion in informal settlements inthe developing world. In this sense, efforts to reduce thenumbers of slum dwellers are neither satisfactory noradequate.

    1 UN-HABITAT - United Nations Human Settlements Programme

    As part of our drive to address this crisis, UN-HABI Ais working with the European Commission and theBrussels-based Secretariat of the African, Caribbeanand Pacic (ACP) Group to support sustainable urbandevelopment. Given the urgent and diverse needs, wefound it necessary to develop a tool for rapid assessmentand strategic planning to guide immediate, mid andlong-term interventions. And here we have it in theform of this series of publications.

    Te Participatory Slum Upgrading Programme is basedon the policy dialogue between UN-HABI A , the

    ACP Secretariat and the European Commission whichdates back to the year 2002. When the three parties metat UN-HABI A headquarters in June 2009, more

    than 200 delegates from over 50 countries approved aresounding call on the international community to paygreater attention to these urbanization matters, and toextend the slum upgrading programme to all countriesin the ACP Group.

    It is worth recalling here how grateful we are that theEuropean Commissions 9th European DevelopmentFund for ACP countries provided EUR 4 million (USD5.7 million at June 2011 rates) to enable UN-HABI Ato conduct the programme which now serves 59 citiesin 23 African countries, and more than 20 cities in sixPacic, and four Caribbean countries.

    Indeed, since its inception in 2008, the slum upgradingprogramme has achieved the condence of partners atcity and country level in Africa, the Caribbean and inthe Pacic. It is making a major contribution aimedat helping in urban poverty reduction efforts, as eachreport in this series shows."

    I wish to express my gratitude to the EuropeanCommission and the ACP Secretariat for theircommitment to this slum upgrading programme. Ihave every condence that the results outlined in thisprole, and others, will serve to guide the developmentof responses for capacity building and investments inthe urban sector.

    Further, I would like to thank each Country eam fortheir continued support to this process which is essentialfor the successful implementation of the ParticipatorySlum Upgrading Programme.

    Dr. Joan ClosExecutive Director, UN-HABI A

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    FOREWORDS

    Poverty reduction is the Malawi Governments

    overriding development objective as espoused in theMalawi Growth and Development Strategy. In line with this, the government recognizes the critical roleplayed by the cities and other urban centres in thesocio-economic development of this country. Trivingand well functioning cities will in turn lead to thrivingnational economic development.

    Our cities and other urban areas which are growingrapidly face a number of challenges, key amongthem that of urban poverty that is characterized by,among others, poor housing, poor access to water andsanitation as well as unemployment. Te cities also faceenvironmental challenges that are in part heightened by

    poor urban planning and environmental degradation.Te government therefore welcomes the ParticipatorySlum Upgrading Programme (PSUP) that iscoordinated by the Ministry of Local Government andRural Development and is being implemented in all thefour cities of Lilongwe, Blantyre, Mzuzu, and Zomba.Te urban prole for Blantyre City is an importantdocument that sets out the key challenges faced bythe city in the areas of urban governance, land andhousing, slums, basic urban services including waterand sanitation, local economic development, genderand HIV/AIDS, energy, disaster risks, environment,and waste management.

    Trough a consultative process of city stakeholders,the city council has identied the priority actions to becarried out in support of efforts to achieve sustainableurban development and reduce urban poverty. Techallenge is now to move forward to implement thesepriority actions that seek to improve the quality of lifeof the urban poor. In this regard, the Government ofMalawi will continue to support the city council underthe decentralized framework in achieving the povertyreduction goals. Blantyre City Council (BCC) will needto redouble its efforts and ensure that more resourcesare allocated towards pro-poor activities in the city. Tegoal of ensuring sustainable urban development andpoverty reduction cannot be achieved by the effortsof the central government and the city councils alone.More importantly, it will need the concerted efforts ofall stakeholders involved in the development of Blantyreincluding the private sector, civil society, political andcommunity leaders, development partners, and cityresidents.

    Te Government of Malawi would like to thank UN-

    HABI A1

    , the European Union and the ACP2

    Groupof States for the technical and nancial su