MMO7-1 การตายดีตามการรับรู้ของพระภิกษุ Buddhist Monks

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<ul><li><p>MMO7-1 </p><p> Buddhist Monks' Perceptions Concerning Good Death </p><p> (Suksanti Ngamgam)* . (Dr.Bumpenchit Sangchart)** </p><p> 13 3 1) 2) 3) </p><p> ABSTRACT </p><p>This qualitative research, philosophically underprinned by phenomenology aimed to investigated the perceptions of good death reflected by purposively selected thirteen Buddhist monks as informants who are well experienced in caring dying Buddhist monks during their terminal illness before they passed away peacefully. The data were collected by in-depth interviews non participant observation and note taking. The trustworthiness were established by using the criteria of Lincoln and Guba (1985). Thematic analysis was conducted following the guideline of Diekelmann. The result reflected the good death by Buddhist monks perception was composed of three them. 1) passing away peacefully without any suffering, 2) dying of natural causes suitable to their life span and 3) dying with a complete understanding of death. The specific knowledge gained from this study has not only strongly confirmed but also well elucidated previous research findings concerning the concepts of good death perceived by Buddhist monks who directly experienced in taking care of dying monks. : Keywords: Good death, Buddhist monks, Phenomenology * *** </p><p>- 645 -</p></li><li><p>MMO7-2 </p><p> (, 2549) (,, 2550; . , 2556) (, ... , , 2552) </p><p> ( , 2554) </p><p> ( , ... , , 2552) .. 2557-2559 ( .. 2557-2559 , 2557) </p><p> ( , , 2556; , 2552) (, 2549 ; , 2554) ( , , 2556) </p><p>- 646 -</p></li><li><p>MMO7-3 </p><p> 5 3 .. 2558 .. 2558 </p><p> (qualitative research) (hermeneutic phenomenology) </p><p> 3 </p><p> (key informants) 13 27 75 50.85 </p><p>- 647 -</p></li><li><p>MMO7-4 </p><p>15.21 ( x = 50.85, SD =15.21) 7 44 17.92 10.76 ( x = 17.92, SD =10.74) 1 7 25.15 27.90 ( x = 25.15, SD =27.90) 1-3 8 ( 61.54) 5 ( 38.46) 5 ( 38.46) 4 ( 30.77) 1 ( 7.69) 3 ( 23.08) 12 1 ( 7.69) 2 ( 15.38) 3 ( 23.08) 7 ( 53.85) </p><p> 1) 2) 3) 4) </p><p> 45-60 (saturation of data) 13 </p><p> (thematic analysis) Diekelmann (1992 , 2552) 1) 2) 3) (theme) 4) (composite theme) 5) </p><p>- 648 -</p></li><li><p>MMO7-5 </p><p> 6) 7) </p><p> Lincoln &amp; Guba (1985) (trustworthing) 1) (credibility) (triangulation) (method triangulation) (member checks) (peer debriefing) 2) (transferability) 3) (dependability) 4) (confirmability) </p><p> 4.3.07:08/2558 HE 582038 23 2558 </p><p> 3 1) 2) 3) </p><p>1. </p><p> 3 1) 2) 3) </p><p>- 649 -</p></li><li><p>MMO7-6 </p><p> (Id06011214-17) </p><p> (Id12010820-23) </p><p> (Id01010617-18) </p><p>2. </p><p>1) 2) </p><p> (Id12010214-16) </p><p> (Id01010501-05) </p><p> (Id05010324-25) </p><p>3. </p><p>3 1) 2) 3) </p><p>- 650 -</p></li><li><p>MMO7-7 </p><p> (Id07011117-20) </p><p> (Id01010716-20) </p><p> (Id03010509-10) </p><p>1. 3 1) 2) 3) (, 2554; Akechi, 2012) (, , 2556; Iranmanesh et al., 2011) (, , 2556; , 2552; Griggs, 2010) (Granda-Cameron, Houldin, 2012; Kehl, 2006) </p><p> ( , , 2556) </p><p>2. 2 1) 2) 2 (Sparkes S, 2005) 2 () () ( , 2553) </p><p>- 651 -</p></li><li><p>MMO7-8 </p><p> ( , 2557; , 2553) (, , 2555) </p><p>3. 3 1) 2) 3) </p><p> ( (..) 2552) 3 </p><p> (, 2556) </p><p>- 652 -</p></li><li><p>MMO7-9 </p><p> 1) 2) 3) 4) </p><p> . </p><p> , , </p><p> , , , . : . 2. : ; 2550. </p><p> . : . ; 2549. </p><p> . . : ; 2553. </p><p> . : . : ; 2547. </p><p>_______. . 2557; 37(1). 147-156. </p><p> (.. ) . . . 15 () . ( 67-78). : ; 2552. </p><p> . : 1. 2. : ; 2556. </p><p> , . . 2556; 36(4). 17-35. </p><p>- 653 -</p></li><li><p>MMO7-10 </p><p> . : . 3 : ; 2557. , . </p><p> : . 2556; 36(3). 49-59. </p><p> . .. 2554. : , 2556. </p><p> , . . 2555; 35(2). 100-110. </p><p> . . . 22. : ; 2556. . </p><p> . 2554; 19(2). 1-12. </p><p> . . (). : . ( 165-196). 2. : ; 2552. </p><p> . . 2549; 2(2). 142-202. </p><p> . . . : ; 2552. </p><p> . . , . (). . 2 . ( 1 5 -2 5 ) . : ; 2552. Akechi, T., Miyashita, M., Morita, T., Okuyama, T., </p><p>Sakamoto, M., Sagawa, R., et al. Good death in elderly adults with cancer in Japan based on perspectives of the general population. Journal Of The American Geriatrics Society 2012; 60(2), 271276. </p><p>Granda-Cameron, C, Houldin,A. Concept analysis of good death in terminally ill patient. American Journal of Hospice &amp; Palliative Medicine 2012; 29(8). 632-9. </p><p>Griggs, C. Community nurses perceptions of a good death: a qualitative exploratory study. International Journal Of Palliative Nursing 2010; 16(3), 140-149. </p><p>Iranmanesh, S., Hosseini, H., &amp; Esmaili, M. Evaluating the Good Death Concept from Iranian Bereaved Family Members Perspective. The Journal of Supportive Oncology 2011; 9(2), 59-63. </p><p>Kehl, K.A. Moving toward peace: an analysis of the concept of a good death.The American journal of hospice &amp; palliative care 2006; 23(4), 277-286. </p><p>- 654 -</p></li><li><p>MMO7-11 </p><p>Lincoln YS, &amp; Guba EG. Naturalistic inquiry. Newbury Park, Calif: SAGE Pub; 1985. </p><p>Sparker,S. Spirits and Souls Gender and Cosmology in an Isan Village in Northeast Thailand. White Lotus; 2005. </p><p>- 655 -</p></li></ul>